A taokinaovala is a
Tongandress, a mat wrapped around the waist, worn by men and women, at all formal occasions, much like the tiefor men in the Euroamerican culture.
According the stories, once a group of Tongans arrived by boat at the Tuokinai Tonga, but they had had a rough ride and their clothing, if any left, was unrespectable. They cut the sail of their boat (
Polynesian sails are also mats) in pieces and wrapped them around. The king was so pleased by the sacrifice they had made to him of their expensive sail, that he ordered this dress to be court dress from now on.
Salote Tupou IIIordered the taokinaovala to be part of the civil servants' uniform. The use of the taokinaovala for men is therefore extremely common in Tonga. For women it is somewhat less, as they prefer a kiekie to wear.
The normal taokinaovala, for everyday neat wear, is a short mat, coming halfway the thighs. It is tied with a rope ("kafa", often made of coconut
coiror of human hair of a deceased ancestor) wrapped around the waist. The mat worn at festive occasions, like a marriage, is much larger, and often very nicely decorated. Likewise the taokinaovala for a funeral is also a huge mat, but much coarser, not decorated, and if the wearer has an inferior rank towards the deceased, the mat is old and torn. The older and more torn it is, the better. Yet all these special mats are kept as precious heirlooms.
Taokinaovala are part of the
koloa, the handicraft goods made by the women. Every woman can do it, and if girls did not learn it at home, it will be taught at school. Nevertheless nowadays we see that some women specialise in the handicraft and sell their products on the market.
Taokinaovala can be made from different materials, both natural and introduced:
pandanusleaves, usually unpainted, although sometimes black strips are used, and very sometimes the whole taokinaovala is black. The strips range from course (15 mm or so as for funerals) to fine (a couple of millimeters, as the "taokinaovala loukeha", in which one is dressed to visit the king). Mats are always woven by hand. Especially the fine mats are therefore very laborious to make, take a long time to complete and are expensive.
hibiscusbast fiber, called "fau". Same as the pandanus leaves, but not as course and as such they can be crochetworked in a variety of patterns, which is faster and cheaper than to weave them by hand. Most of the 'civil servants' taokinaovala are made in this way.
*plastic, especially old flour bags. Not considered the real thing, but it will do in a pinch.
*okinaI.F. Helu; Critical essays: Cultural perspectives from the Southseas; 1999
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ovala — Municipality … Wikipedia
Ovala-Majiwada (Vidhan Sabha constituency) — Ovala Majiwada Vidhan Sabha constituency (Marathi: ओवळा माजीवडा विधान सभा मतदारसंघ) is one of the 288 Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India. Contents 1 Overview 2 Members of Legislative Assembly… … Wikipedia
Ovalärschnitt — Ovalä̱r|schnitt [zu ↑oval]: ovale Schnittführung bei chirurgischen Eingriffen an der Haut, z. B. bei Hauttransplantationen … Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke
medalion — MEDALIÓN, medalioane, s.n. 1. Bijuterie de formă rotundă sau ovală, care încadrează sau închide între două capace o fotografie, o pictură, o şuviţă de păr etc. şi care se poartă de obicei la gât. ♦ Ramă ovală sau rotundă în care este fixată o… … Dicționar Român
nuovala — sf. (1), nūvala (ž.) (1) J, Pvn, Pln 1. Vlkv, Kos33 žr. nuovalos: Šių gyvulių patelės gimdoje susidaro placenta, arba nuovala rš. Nūvalą karvė suėdė, mažai pieno teduoda Grd. 2. nuvalymas, derlius: Imkim antai pasėlį, nuovalą laukų A1884,219. 3.… … Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language
Culture of Tonga — Tonga College students performing a Kailao dance The Tongan archipelago has been inhabited for perhaps 3000 years, since settlement in late Lapita times. The culture of its inhabitants has surely changed greatly over this long time period. Before … Wikipedia
Tupenu — is the Tongan term for a wrapped garment also called a sarong, lungi, or lava lava, worn through much of South Asia and Oceania. It is analogous to the kilt worn in Scotland.The tupenu worn by women is wide enough to cover the body between the… … Wikipedia
rugbi — RÚGBI s.f. Joc sportiv desfăşurat între două echipe a câte 15 jucători, pe un teren de formă dreptunghiulară, având ca obiect de joc o minge ovală pe care jucătorii o pot folosi, în egală măsură, cu piciorul sau cu mâna. [Scris şi: rugby] – Din… … Dicționar Român
gambetă — GAMBÉTĂ, gambete, s.f. Pălărie bărbătească din fetru tare, cu calota ovală şi borurile uşor răsfrânte; melon. – Din Gambetta (n. pr.). Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 GAMBÉTĂ s. melon. (Poartă pe cap o gambetă.) Trimis de siveco,… … Dicționar Român
opunţia — OPÚNŢIA s.f. Gen de plante din familia cactaceelor, cărnoase, cu ramuri cilindrice sau turtite lateral, de formă ovală, cu spini aşezaţi în smocuri, cu flori mari, albe, roşii sau galbene. (Opuntia); plantă care face parte din acest gen. [pr.: ţi … Dicționar Român