Pavel Yablochkov


Pavel Yablochkov

Infobox Engineer


image_size = 150px
caption = PAGENAME
name = PAGENAME
nationality = Russia
birth_date = OldStyleDate|September 14|1847|September 2
birth_place =
death_date = OldStyleDate|March 31|1894|March 19
death_place =
education =
spouse =
parents =
children =
discipline =
institutions =
practice_name =
significant_projects = Yablochkov candle
significant_design =
significant_advance =
significant_awards =

Pavel Nikolayevich Yablochkov ("Павел Николаевич Яблочков" in Russian) ((OldStyleDate|September 14|1847|September 2 – OldStyleDate|March 31|1894|March 19) was a Russian electrical engineer, the inventor of the Yablochkov candle (a type of electric carbon arc lamp) and businessman.

In 1866, he graduated from Nikolayevsky Engineering Institute as a military engineer, and then in 1869, from Technical Galvanic School in Saint Petersburg. After serving in the army, Yablochkov retired to Moscow in 1873, where he was appointed Head of Telegraph Office at the Moscow-Kursk railroad. He opened up a workshop for his experiments in electrical engineering, which laid down the foundations for his future inventions in the field of electric lighting, electric machines, galvanic cells and accumulators. 1875 saw one of Yablochkov’s major inventions called "electric candle" — the first model of an arc lamp without a regulator. He went to Paris the same year where he built an industrial sample of an electric bulb (French patent № 112024, 1876). He also developed and introduced the system of electric lighting on a single-phase alternating current (“Russian light”), which was demonstrated at the World exhibition in Paris in 1878 and was extremely successful. Some French, English, and American businessmen even set up companies at home for its commercial exploitation. He offered the idea of a lighting system based on a set of induction coils, where primary windings were connected to a source of alternating current and secondary windings could be connected to several electric "candles". As the patent said such a system "allowed to provide separate supply to several lighting fixtures with different luminous intensities from a single source of electric power". In 1879, Yablochkov established “Electric Lighting Company, P.N. Yablochkov the Inventor and Co” and an electrical plant in Petersburg that would later produce illuminators for military vessels and factories.

From the mid-1880s, Yablochkov mostly occupied himself with problems of generating electric energy. He constructed the so called “magnet dynamo electric machine”, which had most of the features of the modern inductor. Yablochkov did extensive research on transformation of fuel energy into electric energy, suggested a galvanic cell with alkaline electrolyte, and created a regenerative cell (the so called autoaccumulator).

Yablochkov participated in Electrical engineering exhibitions in Russia (1880 and 1882), Paris (1881 and 1889), and First International Congress of Electricians (1881). In 1947, the USSR introduced the Yablochkov Award for the best work in the field of electrical engineering.
Yablochkov crater on the Moon is named after him.

ee also

*Yablochkov candle
*A biographical research of the life of Pavel Nikolayevich Yablockkov by Prof. Lev Davidovich Belkind


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yablochkov (crater) — lunar crater data latitude=60.9 N or S=N longitude=128.3 E or W=E diameter=99 km depth= Unknown colong=241 eponym=Pavel YablochkovYablochkov is a ruined lunar crater that is located on the northern hemisphere of the Moon s far side. It lies… …   Wikipedia

  • Yablochkov candle — A Yablochkov candle (sometimes electric candle) is a type of electric carbon arc lamp, invented in 1876 by Pavel Yablochkov.It consisted of a sandwich of two long carbon blocks, approximately 6 by 12 millimetres in cross section, separated by a… …   Wikipedia

  • Yablochkov, Pavel Nikolayevich — ▪ Russian engineer and inventor also called Paul Jablochkov born Sept. 14 [Sept. 2, Old Style], 1847, Zhadovka, Russia died March 31 [March 19], 1894, Saratov  Russian electrical engineer and inventor who developed the Yablochkov candle, the… …   Universalium

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of Russian inventions and technology records — The Hall of Space Technology in the Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics, Kaluga, Russia. The exhibition includes the models and replicas of the following Russian inventions: the first satellite, Sputnik 1 (a ball under the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russians — This is a list of people associated with Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia of today. For a long time Russia has been a multinational country, and many people of different ethnicity contributed to its culture, to its glory, and to its… …   Wikipedia

  • lamp — lampless, adj. /lamp/, n. 1. any of various devices furnishing artificial light, as by electricity or gas. Cf. fluorescent lamp, incandescent lamp. 2. a container for an inflammable liquid, as oil, which is burned at a wick as a means of… …   Universalium

  • List of inventors — This is a list of inventors. See also: List of scientists, Timeline of invention, List of inventions named after people, List of inventors killed by their own inventions, and . Alphabetical list compactTOC NOTOC A * Vitaly Mikhaylovich Abalakov,… …   Wikipedia

  • Arc lamp — The electric arc in an arc lamp consists of gas which is initially ionized by a voltage and is therefore electrically conductive. To start an arc lamp, usually a very high voltage is needed to ignite or strike the arc. This requires an electrical …   Wikipedia

  • Street light — A street light, lamppost, street lamp, light standard or lamp standard, is a raised source of light on the edge of a road, turned on or lit at a certain time every night. Modern lamps may also have light sensitive photocells to turn them on at… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.