Bernard Heuvelmans

Bernard Heuvelmans

Infobox Paranormalpeople1
Class = Cryptozoologist


Image_Caption = Bernard Heuvelmans
Name = Bernard Heuvelmans
Born = birth date|1916|10|10|mf=y
Blocation = Le Havre, France
Died = death date and age|2001|8|22|1916|10|10|mf=y
Dlocation = Le Vésinet, France
Phd = PhD zoology (Free University of Brussels)
Djob = Zoologist
Pjob = Cryptozoologist
Affiliates = Center for Cryptozoology,
International Society for Cryptozoology,
Centre for Fortean Zoology|

Bernard Heuvelmans (October 10, 1916 – August 22, 2001) was a Belgian-French scientist, explorer, researcher, and a writer probably best known as a founder of cryptozoology. His monumental 1958 book, "On the Track of Unknown Animals" (originally published in French in 1955 as "Sur la Piste des Bêtes Ignorées") is often regarded as one of the best and most influential cryptozoological works.

Biography

Heuvelmans was born in Le Havre, France and raised in Belgium, and earned a doctorate in zoology from the Free University of Brussels (now split into the Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel). His doctoral dissertation concerned the teeth of the aardvark, which had previously defied classification. Though earlier interested in zoological oddities, he credits a 1948 "Saturday Evening Post" article, "There Could be Dinosaurs", by Ivan T. Sanderson, with inspiring a determined interest in unknown animals. Sanderson discussed the possibility of dinosaurs surviving in remote corners of the world.

Heuvelmans undertook a massive amount of research and wrote "On the Track of Unknown Animals", considered by some the most influential work of cryptozoology in the twentieth century. After "On the Track", Heuvelmans wrote many other books and articles, few of which have been translated into English. His works sold well among general audiences, but saw little attention from mainstream scientists and experts. "In the Wake of the Sea-Serpents" was his second book translated into English and sold in the United States in 1968. It consisted of his book on sea serpents, with parts of his book on the giant squid (and colossal squid) added. As he continued his researches he saw the need to "give a name to the totally new discipline in zoology my research implied. That is how I coined the word 'cryptozoology,' the science of hidden animals." [Jerome Clark, "Unexplained", (Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink, 1999), 280-281.]

Heuvelmans searched the world's oceans for giant animals, to substantiate the rumors and legends about animals known to local people but still unknown to science. In the late 1960s, Heuvelmans helped spread the controversy surrounding the Minnesota Iceman when he examined the "ice man" then in the possession of a road-traveling circus exhibitor. Heuvelmans thought the creature could be genuine and published a formal description, naming it as the new species "Homo pongoides". There was never conclusive evidence given to either substantiate or discredit the Minnesota Iceman, and the idea that it represented a new species of living hominid has never been accepted by mainstream zoologists.

In 1975 Heuvelmans established the Center for Cryptozoology in France, where his library is housed. In 1982 he helped to found the International Society for Cryptozoology, and served as its first president. He was also the first president of the Centre for Fortean Zoology.

Although much admired and considered "the father of cryptozoology" among cryptozoologists and many general readers, Heuvelmans was also criticized and even ridiculed for his belief in cryptids by skeptics, notably Swedish author and naturalist Bengt Sjögren.

Publications

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* Abriged, revised.
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* Second Edition.
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References

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External links

* [http://www.lorencoleman.com/bernard_heuvelmans_obituary.html Obituary] by Loren Coleman
* [http://www.cfz.org.uk/ The Centre for Fortean Zoology]
* [http://www.cryptozoology.net/english/biographies/bios_h.html Cryptozoology Biographies]
* [http://perso.orange.fr/cryptozoo/personalia/heuvelmans.htm Institut Virtuel de Cryptozoologie]

ee also

* "On the Track of Unknown Animals"
* Cryptozoology
* Cryptids
* Sea serpent
* Giant Squid


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Bernard Heuvelmans — (* 10. Oktober 1916 in Le Havre, Normandie; † 24. August 2001 in Le Vésinet, Île de France) war promovierter belgisch französischer Zoologe. Heuvelmans befasste sich mit der wissenschaftlichen Suche nach verborgenen Tieren und begründete damit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard Heuvelmans — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heuvelmans. Bernard Heuvelmans (10 octobre 1916, Le Havre 22 août 2001, Le Vésinet), est un zoologue de nationalité belge. Il est le fondateur de la cryptozoologie et a consacré de nombreux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heuvelmans — Bernard Heuvelmans (* 10. Oktober 1916 in Le Havre, Normandie; † 24. August 2001 in Le Vésinet, Île de France) war promovierter belgisch französischer Zoologe. Heuvelmans befasste sich mit der wissenschaftlichen Suche nach verborgenen Tieren und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heuvelmans — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Heuvelmans est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Bernard Heuvelmans (1916 2001), un zoologue belge. Lucienne Heuvelmans (1881 1944), une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cryptide — Cryptozoologie Peinture du monstre du Loch Ness de Heikenwaelder Hugo La cryptozoologie (science des animaux cachés, du grec ancien κρυπτός « caché », ζῷον « animal » et λόγος « étude ») est l’étude de toute trace d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Crypto-zoologie — Cryptozoologie Peinture du monstre du Loch Ness de Heikenwaelder Hugo La cryptozoologie (science des animaux cachés, du grec ancien κρυπτός « caché », ζῷον « animal » et λόγος « étude ») est l’étude de toute trace d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cryptozoologiste — Cryptozoologie Peinture du monstre du Loch Ness de Heikenwaelder Hugo La cryptozoologie (science des animaux cachés, du grec ancien κρυπτός « caché », ζῷον « animal » et λόγος « étude ») est l’étude de toute trace d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cryptozoologue — Cryptozoologie Peinture du monstre du Loch Ness de Heikenwaelder Hugo La cryptozoologie (science des animaux cachés, du grec ancien κρυπτός « caché », ζῷον « animal » et λόγος « étude ») est l’étude de toute trace d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cryptozoomorpha — Cryptozoologie Peinture du monstre du Loch Ness de Heikenwaelder Hugo La cryptozoologie (science des animaux cachés, du grec ancien κρυπτός « caché », ζῷον « animal » et λόγος « étude ») est l’étude de toute trace d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sea serpent — This article is about sea serpents in mythology and cryptozoology. For actual marine snakes, see Sea snake. For other uses, see Sea serpent (disambiguation). Sea Serpent (Various) A sea serpent from Olaus Magnus s book History of the Northe …   Wikipedia


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