- Arthur Goodwin
Arthur Goodwin (died August 16, 1643) was an English
member of parliamentfrom Buckinghamshire who supported the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War.
Family and upbringing
He was the son of Francis Goodwin (1564–1634), a landed gentleman of
Upper Winchendonand Elizabeth Grey (d. 1630), daughter of Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey of Wilton. He was educated in Oxforshireat Lord Williams's School. He was admitted a barristerof the Inner Templein 1613 graduated from Magdalen College, Oxfordin February 1614.
In April 1618, he married Jane Wenman, daughter of
Richard Wenman, 1st Viscount Wenman, by whom he had one daughter:
* Jane Goodwin (1618–1658), married
Philip Wharton, 4th Baron Whartonin 1637
He was a burgess for High Wycombe in the parliaments of 1621 and 1624, and Aylesbury in 1626. In 1640, he and his old friend
John Hampdenwere knights of the shire for Buckinghamshirein the Short and subsequently the Long Parliaments. Goodwin was a strong Parliamentarian and Puritan, opposing many of the policies of Charles I of England.
When open war broke out between Parliament and the King, he gave substantial sums to the Parliamentarian cause, and commanded a cavalry regiment at the
Battle of Edgehilland Turnham Green. However, he was primarily active on his home ground in Buckinghamshire and the surrounding counties. He joined Hampden and Bulstrode Whitelockein August 1642 to capture the Earl of Berkshire, who had been attempting to execute a commission of arrayin Oxfordshirefor the King. Hampden and Goodwin also captured the Earl of Northampton at Daventrythat year. Goodwin was appointed Parliamentary commander-in-chief of Buckinghamshire in January 1643, and made an unsuccessful attempt to seize Brill. While harrying Prince Rupert's troops after the siege of Reading, Hampden was wounded at Chalgrove Field. Goodwin persuaded him to leave the field and ride to Thame, where he died on June 24. Goodwin himself died shortly thereafter, at Clerkenwell, on 16 August 1643.
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