- Nutrition disorder
Nutrition disorder Classification and external resources MeSH D009748
Nutritional diseases are diseases in humans that are directly or indirectly caused by a lack of essential nutrients in the diet. Nutritional diseases are commonly associated with chronic malnutrition. Additionally, conditions such as obesity from overeating can also cause, or contribute to, serious health problems. Excessive intake of some nutrients can cause acute poisoning.
Obesity is caused by consuming too many calories compared to the amount of exercise the body is performing, causing a distorted energy balance. It can lead to diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Obesity is a condition in which the natural energy reserve, stored in the fatty tissue of humans and other mammals, is increased to a point where it is associated with certain health conditions or increased mortality.
The low-cost food that is generally affordable to the poor in affluent nations is low in nutritional value and high in fats, sugars and additives. In rich countries, therefore, obesity is oftentimes a sign of poverty and malnutrition while in poorer countries obesity is more associated with wealth and good nutrition. Other non-nutritional causes for unhealthy obesity included: sleep deprivation, stress, lack of exercise, and heredity.
Vitamins and micronutrients
Vitamin poisoning is the condition of overly high storage levels of vitamins, which can lead to toxic symptoms. The medical names of the different conditions are derived from the vitamin involved: an excess of vitamin A, for example, is called "hypervitaminosis A".
Iron overload disorders are diseases caused by the overaccumulation of iron in the body. Organs commonly affected are the liver, heart and endocrine glands in the mouth.
Dietary vitamins and minerals
- Iodine deficiency
- Selenium deficiency
- Iron deficiency
- Growth retardation
- Thiamine (Vitamin B1)
- Niacin (Vitamin B3)
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin D
In some cases, eating too much of one thing can induce an apparent deficiency of something else. A common example occurs when livestock eat locoweed: locoweed contains a toxin that inhibits enzymes, simulating a deficiency of the enzymes.
- ^ "Mortality and Burden of Disease Estimates for WHO Member States in 2002" (xls). World Health Organization. 2002. http://www.who.int/entity/healthinfo/statistics/bodgbddeathdalyestimates.xls.
- ^ "Malnutrition Is Cheating Its Survivors, and Africa’s Future" article in the New York Times by Michael Wines, December 28, 2006
- Essential nutrient
- List of ICD-10 codes (E54-E64) -- detailed taxonomy
Pathology: Medical conditions and ICD code (Disease / Disorder / Illness, Syndrome / Sequence, Symptom / Sign, Injury, etc.) (A/B, 001–139) (C/D,
279–289)Cancer (C00–D48, 140–239)
(E, 240–278) (F, 290–319) (G, 320–359) (H, 360–389) (I, 390–459) (J, 460–519) (K, 520–579) (L, 680–709) (M, 710–739) (N, 580–629) (O, 630–679) (P, 760–779) (Q, 740–759) (R, 780–799) (S/T, 800–999) Nutrition disorders (E40–E68, 260–269) Hypoalimentation/
HyperalimentationMineral overloadsee inborn errors of metal metabolism, toxicity
cof, enz, met
noco, nuvi, sysi/epon, met
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nutrition — The Nutrition Facts table indicates the amounts of nutrients which experts recommend to limit or consume in adequate amounts. Nutrition (also called nourishment or aliment) is the provision, to cells and organisms, of the materials necessary (in… … Wikipedia
nutrition, human — Introduction process by which substances in food are transformed into body tissues and provide energy for the full range of physical and mental activities that make up human life. The study of human nutrition is interdisciplinary in… … Universalium
Nutrition and pregnancy — Pregnant woman eating fruit. Nutrition and pregnancy refers to the nutrient intake, and dietary planning that is undertaken before, during and after pregnancy. In a precursory study into the link between nutrition and pregnancy in 1950 women who… … Wikipedia
nutrition — nutritional, nutritionary, adj. nutritionally, adv. /nooh trish euhn, nyooh /, n. 1. the act or process of nourishing or of being nourished. 2. the science or study of, or a course of study in, nutrition, esp. of humans. 3. the process by which… … Universalium
Neurodevelopmental disorder — A boy with microcephaly and his schoolmates. Microcephaly is a neurodevelopmental disorder. A neurodevelopmental disorder, or disorder of neural devel … Wikipedia
Mental disorder — Classification and external resources Eight women representing prominent mental diagnoses in the 19th century. (Armand Gautier) ICD 10 F … Wikipedia
Congenital disorder — Classification and external resources MeSH D009358 … Wikipedia
Musculoskeletal disorder — Musculoskeletal disorders Classification and external resources MeSH D009140 Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can affect the body s muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments and nerves. Most work related MSDs develop over t … Wikipedia
childhood disease and disorder — Introduction any illness, impairment, or abnormal condition that affects primarily infants and children i.e., those in the age span that begins with the fetus and extends through adolescence. Childhood is a period typified by change,… … Universalium
Human nutrition — For aspects of nutrition science not specific to humans, see Nutrition. Human nutrition is the provision to humans to obtain the materials necessary to support life. In general, humans can survive for two to eight weeks without food, depending on … Wikipedia