Maykop


Maykop
Maykop (English)
Майкоп (Russian)
Мыекъуапэ (Adyghe)
Гъакъыва (Ubykh)
-  City[citation needed]  -
Вокзал Майкопа.JPG
Maykop Railway Station
Maykop is located in Republic of Adygea
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Maykop
Coordinates: 44°36′N 40°05′E / 44.6°N 40.083°E / 44.6; 40.083Coordinates: 44°36′N 40°05′E / 44.6°N 40.083°E / 44.6; 40.083
Coat of arms of Maykop.svg
Flag of Maikop (Adygeya).gif
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day First Saturday of June[citation needed]
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Adygea
Capital of Republic of Adygea[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of February 2008)
Urban okrug Maykop Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Head[citation needed] Nikolay Pivovarov[citation needed]
Representative body Council of People's Deputies[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 308 km2 (119 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
144,246 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 120th
Population (2002 Census) 156,931 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2002 110th
Density 468 /km2 (1,210 /sq mi)[3]
Time zone MSD (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded May 1857[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 385000[5]
Dialing code(s) +7 8772[citation needed]
Official website

Maykop (Russian: Майко́п; Adyghe: Мыекъуапэ, Myequape) is the capital city of the Republic of Adygea, Russia, located on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban). Population: 144,246 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 156,931 (2002 Census);[2] 148,608 (1989 Census).[6]

Contents

History

Maykop was founded in 1857 as a Russian Kuban Cossack fortress. It served as an important strategic outpost during the finale of the Caucasian War in 1858–1863. It was granted town status in 1870.

The early Bronze Age Maykop culture has been named after the city after the discovery of a royal burial site there in 1897.

In 1911, oil deposits were discovered in the vicinity of Maykop.

In 1936, Maykop and the surrounding region was merged with Adyghe Autonomous Oblast, and became the administrative center of the autonomy. Maykop was occupied by the Wehrmacht from August 1942 to January 1943, when it was liberated by the Transcaucasian Front of the Red Army.

Since 1991, Maykop has been the capital of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.

On the south side of the city, alongside the Belaya River is the military complex housing the 131st Motor Rifle Brigade of the North Caucasus Military District, which took part in the First Chechen War.

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups in the city (2002 data):

Education

Maykop is home to Adygea State University and Maykop State Technological University. There are also several facilities of professional education in Maykop.

Municipal formation

Municipally, Maykop is incorporated as a municipal urban okrug, with the following rural localities under its jurisdiction:[7]

  • khutor of Gaverdovsky
  • stanitsa of Khanskaya
  • khutor of Kosinov
  • settlement of Podgorny
  • settlement of Rodnikovy
  • settlement of Severny
  • khutor of Vesyoly
  • settlement of Zapadny

References

  1. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
  5. ^ Russian Post. Maykop (Russian)
  6. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  7. ^ Совет Республики Адыгея. Закон №223 от 24 мая 2004 г. «О муниципальном образовании "город Майкоп", наделении его статусом городского округа и установлении его границ», в ред. Закона №113 от 24 июля 2007 г «О внесении изменения в Закон Республики Адыгея "О муниципальном образовании "город Майкоп", наделении его статусом городского округа и установлении его границ"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Советская Адыгея", №102–103, 27 мая 2004 г. (Council of the Republic of Adygea. Law #223 of May 24, 2004 On the Municipal Formation "the City of Maykop", Granting It the Status of an Urban Okrug, and on the Establishment of Its Borders, as amended by the Law #113 of July 24, 2007 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Adygea "On the Municipal Formation "the City of Maykop", Granting It the Status of an Urban Okrug, and on the Establishment of Its Borders". Effective as of the day of the official publication).

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  • Maykop — Original name in latin Maykop Name in other language Maikop, Maikopas, Majkop, Maykop, Makop, maikopeu, maikopu, myyqwp, Майкоп, Мајкоп State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 44.60778 latitude 40.10583 altitude 227 Population 158451 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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  • Maykop — geographical name city S Russia in Europe capital of Adygeya population 163,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Maykop — noun The capital city of Adygea, Russia …   Wiktionary

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