Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore


Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore

Infobox protected area
name = Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore
iucn_category = III



caption =
locator_x = 190
locator_y = 48
location = Leelanau County & Benzie County, Michigan, USA
nearest_city = Traverse City, Michigan
lat_degrees = 44
lat_minutes = 54
lat_seconds = 47
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 86
long_minutes = 01
long_seconds = 13
long_direction = W
area = convert|71187|acre|ha|0
established = October 21, 1970
visitation_num = 1,222,313
visitation_year = 2005
governing_body = National Park Service

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore is a United States National Lakeshore located along the northwest coast of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan in Leelanau County and Benzie County.The park covers a 35 mile (60 km) stretch of Lake Michigan's eastern coastline, as well as North and South Manitou Islands. The park was established primarily for its outstanding natural features, including forests, beaches, dune formations, and ancient glacial phenomena. The Lakeshore also contains many cultural features including the 1871 South Manitou Island Lighthouse, three former Life-Saving Service/Coast Guard Stations and an extensive rural historic farm district. The park was authorized on October 21, 1970.The park is named after a Chippewa legend of the sleeping bear. According to the legend, an enormous forest fire on the western shore of Lake Michigan (now Wisconsin) drove a mother bear and her two cubs into the lake for shelter, determined to reach the opposite shore. After many miles of swimming, the two cubs lagged behind. When the mother bear reached the shore, she waited on the top of a high bluff. The exhausted cubs drowned in the lake, but the mother bear stayed and waited in hopes that her cubs would finally appear. Impressed by the mother bear's determination and faith, the Great Spirit created two islands (North and South Manitou Island) to commemorate the cubs, and the winds buried the sleeping bear under the sands of the dunes where she waits to this day. The "bear" was a small tree-covered knoll at the top edge of the bluff that, from the water, had the appearance of a sleeping bear. Wind and erosion have caused the "bear" to be greatly reduced in size over the years. Today only a small remnant remains.

Recreational Opportunities

Trails

Old Indiana Trail - Two mostly flat loops of about convert|2.5|mi|km each that takes hikers/skiers to the shore of Lake Michigan;

Platte Plains - convert|14.7|mi|km|1 of trails looping over a mostly flat plain. [Platte Plains(All Season Trail System) pamphlet, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore]

Empire Bluff - A short trail of only convert|1.5|mi|km round trip, but a very hilly trip that wines through an old beech-maple forest to the lookout atop of Empire Bluff;

Windy Moraine- A convert|1.5|mi|km|sing=on trail with one big hill that has a good view of Glen Lake;

Shauger Hill- A convert|2.4|mi|km|sing=on loop with some very steep hills and crosses the Scenic Drive a couple of times;

Cottonwood (not maintained for skiing);

The Dunes (not maintained for skiing);

Duneside Accessible (not maintained for skiing);

The Dunes (Sleeping Bear Point) (not maintained for skiing);

Alligator Hill;

Bay View;

Pyramid Point (not maintained for skiing);

Good Harbor Bay;

Pierce Stocking Scenic Drive

Pierce Stocking Scenic Drive is a convert|7.5|mi|km|sing=on loop that overlooks some of the Lakeshore's most unique scenery. There is an observation point that is atop of a convert|450|ft|m|sing=on bluff and looks straight down at Lake Michigan, or pear north one mile (1.6 km) to the Sleeping Bear Dune. The Sleeping Bear Dune and The Manitou Islands can be seen from the overlooks at stops #3,9, and 10. At stop #4, one can hike a convert|1.5|mi|km|sing=on loop through the perched dunes called the Cottonwood Trail. In mid-November, the drive is close to vehicular traffic and is used as a cross-country ski trail.Citation
title = Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore 2008 Visitor Guide
year = 2008
pages = 8
place = 9922 Front Street, Empire, Michigan 49630
publisher = National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
url =http://www.nps.gov/slbe
doi =
id =
]

Historic Sites

leeping Bear Point Coast Guard Station Maritime Museum

Out from Sleeping Bear Point, the shipping lanes turn towards the east and the Straits of Mackinac. In the early days of shipping on the lakes, any change in direction had the potential for accidents. AN here, it was compounded by a shoreline the continue northward along the shipping routes, and two islands set several miles out from the shore, South Manitou Island and North Manitou Island In rough weather, Manitou passage offered safety. The Life-Saving Service established a station out on the point in 1871 and operated until 1915. At that time, Service became the root of a new organization, the U.S. Coast Guard. The original station is now a museum, along with the Boathouse, Surfboats, and Beach Apparatus (Breeches Buoy). [Sleeping Bear Point Coast Guard Sattion Maritime Museum pamplet]

Glen Haven Village

Glen Haven existed as a company town from 1865-1931. Originally, a dock for Glen Arbor (1855-date), the site soon became a fuel supply point for ships traveling up and down the lake. Here Charles McCarty decided to open his own business and built a dock to supply the ships with wood. In 1863, McCarty built the Sleeping Bear House. It was expanded a few years later to accommodate travelers. In 1928, it was remodeled into the Inn for summer vacationers. The General Store was established to supply the workers. Like most company towns, the workers were paid in company coupons, redeemable only at the company store. The Blacksmith Shop is where tools were repaired. In 1878, David Henry Day arrived in the community. By this time, coal from the Appalachian coal fields was replacing wood on the steamships. Day was looking for another future to this small community. [Glen Haven Village Tour, The Cordwood Era pamphlet, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore]

Port Oneida Historic Farm District.

In 1860, Port Oneida had a population of 87 people. Thomas Kelderhouse had built a cok to sell wood to the passing steamships. He was also able to sell fresh produce and Maple sugar in season. A local story says that the name comes from the first ship to stop, the S.S. Oneida of New York State. The area covers convert|3000|acre|ha and includes 16 historic farms. [Port Oneida Historic Farm District pamphlet, Sleeping Dear Dunes National Lakeshore]

Footnotes

ee also

*Sand Dune
*National Park Service
*Pierce Stocking Scenic Drive
*Port Oneida Rural Historic District
*List of areas in the National Park System of the United States
*Glen Haven, Michigan

National lakeshores

* Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, near Munising, Michigan, on Lake Superior.
* Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, in northern Wisconsin on Lake Superior.
* Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, on the southern coast of Lake Michigan.

External links

* [http://www.nps.gov/slbe/index.htm National Park Service: Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore]
* [http://www.mytraversecity.com/dunes/ Traverse City Convention and Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.northmanitou.com North Manitou Island]
* [http://www.northmanitou.org North Manitou Island]
* [http://www.sleepingbeardunes.com/ Sleeping Bear Dunes Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.sleepingbear.org The Sleeping Bear Organization]
*wikitravel


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