Red-crowned Parakeet


Red-crowned Parakeet
Red-crowned Parakeet
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Cyanoramphus
Species: C. novaezelandiae
Binomial name
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae
(Sparrman, 1787)
Not to be confused with the Red-crowned Parakeet (Pyrrhura roseifrons) from South America.

The Red-crowned Parakeet, (sometimes Red-fronted Parakeet) Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae, is a small species of parrot from New Zealand. The species was once lumped with several other parrots from New Zealand's outlying islands, New Caledonia and Norfolk Island, but these have now been afforded full species status.[1] The species is one of three New Zealand parakeet species known by the Māori name kākāriki.

Red-crowned Parakeets feed on seeds, fruit, berries, nuts and other parts of plants.

At Nga Manu Nature Reserve, Waikanae, New Zealand

The Red-crowned Parakeet was once widespread across the islands and mainland of New Zealand. It was extremely abundant during the 1880s and irruptions occurred in a number of locations. It is currently extinct on the mainland of New Zealand and is confined to Stewart Island/Rakiura and a number of offshore islands (such as Kapiti Island, Tiritiri Matangi Island[2] and Matiu/Somes Island) as well as the Kermadec Islands to the north of New Zealand, on the Auckland Islands to the south and the Chatham Islands to the east. The two island populations are sometimes afforded subspecific status. They are considered vulnerable by the IUCN and BirdLife International because the remaining populations are highly fragmented.[3] Their extinction on the mainland was due to their vulnerability to introduced species, particularly stoats, rats and possums.

Aviculture

The Red-crowned Parakeet is common in aviculture and is relatively easy to breed. Several colour mutations are available including, yellow, cinnamon and piebald.

References

  1. ^ Boon, W.M.; Kearvell, J.; Daugherty, C. H.; Chambers, G. K. (2001): Molecular systematics and conservation of kakariki (Cyanoramphus spp.). Science for Conservation 176 PDF fulltext
  2. ^ "Tiritiri Matangi Island - Birds". http://www.tiritirimatangi.org.nz/Birds.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  3. ^ BirdLife International (2007) Species factsheet: Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/6/2007

External links


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