Yakov Peters


Yakov Peters

Jekabs Peters or Yakov Khristoforovich Peters ( _ru. Яков Христофорович Петерс, _lv. Jekabs Peters, _en. Jacob Peters, Jan Peters) (OldStyleDate|3 December|1886|21 November — 25 April 1938) was a Latvian Communist revolutionary and Soviet politician. Together with Feliks Dzerzhinsky, he was one of the founders and chiefs of the Soviet secret police, VChK. He was the Deputy Chairman of the VChK from 1918 and briefly the Chairman of VChK from 7 July to 22 August 1918.

Born in Latvia, in the poor farmer's family, he became a member of the Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party in 1904. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1905 he fled to England and lived in London where he was a member of the London Group of Social Democracy of Latvia and of the British Socialist Party. In 1911, he achieved notoriety in Britain when he and four others were arrested and put on trial in the aftermath of the Sidney Street Siege that followed a failed jeweller's shop robbery at Houndsditch in which three police officers were killed. Despite some incriminating evidence, Peters and his companions were acquitted to the dismay of the Home Secretary Winston Churchill.

He married Maisie Freeman , the daughter of a London banker, and together they had a daughter, May (born 1914). His wife divorced him after he returned to Russia in May 1917, following the February Revolution. In Riga, Peters became one of leaders of Social Democracy of Latvia and the editor of the party newspaper "Cīņa". Moving to Petrograd, he actively participated in the Bolshevik coup of October 1917 and thereafter helped organize the Soviet secret police and counter-intelligence service, VChK. Afterwards, he was a member of Cheka Collegium and the Deputy Chairman of the Commission. Following Dzerzhinsky's resignation in the aftermath of Left SR Uprising, Peters briefly served as the chief of Cheka until Dzerzhinsky resumed his duties. As one of Cheka leaders, Peters was responsible for the investigation of the attempt on Lenin's life in August 1918 and for the Red Terror campaigns and reprisals against the "class enemies" that followed.

In 1920 he represented Cheka at the Northern Caucasus and in 1920-1922 was the Cheka plenipotentiary in Turkestan ASSR, where he also was the local party bureau member. He returned to Moscow in 1923 and worked as a high-ranking official in OGPU and Rabkrin.

Peters was arrested and executed during the Great Purge, in 1938. His conviction was overturned posthumously in 1956.

External links

* [http://www.fsb.ru/history/autors/syanova.html FSB biographical info] ru icon


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peters — is a surname, and may refer to* Alan Peters, British furniture maker * Andrew Peters, Canadian ice hockey player * Andi Peters, British television presenter * Arno Peters (1916 2002), German filmmaker * Arnold Peters, Canadian politician * Arthur …   Wikipedia

  • Jan Peters — may refer to: *Yakov Peters, also known as Jan Peters *Jan Peters (footballer) …   Wikipedia

  • Cheka — For the reggaeton artist, see Cheka (artist). VCheKa (Russian: ВЧК) Всероссийская чрезвычайная комиссия Vserossiyskaya Chrezvychaynaya Komissiya …   Wikipedia

  • Fanny Kaplan — Infobox Person name=Fanny Kaplan caption= birth date=birth date|1890|2|10|mf=y birth place=Russia death date=death date and age|1918|9|3|1890|2|10|mf=y death place=RussiaFanya Yefimovna Kaplan (Фаниа Ефимовна Каплан; February 10, 1890 – September …   Wikipedia

  • Schlacht von Stepney — Soldaten der Scots Guards eröffnen das Feuer auf die Anarchisten Die Belagerung der Sidney Street (engl.: Siege of Sidney Street; auch bekannt als „Schlacht von Stepney“, engl.: Battle of Stepney) war eine bewaffnete Auseinandersetzung zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sidney Street-Belagerung — Soldaten der Scots Guards eröffnen das Feuer auf die Anarchisten Die Belagerung der Sidney Street (engl.: Siege of Sidney Street; auch bekannt als „Schlacht von Stepney“, engl.: Battle of Stepney) war eine bewaffnete Auseinandersetzung zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sidney Street Belagerung — Soldaten der Scots Guards eröffnen das Feuer auf die Anarchisten Die Belagerung der Sidney Street (engl.: Siege of Sidney Street; auch bekannt als „Schlacht von Stepney“, engl.: Battle of Stepney) war eine bewaffnete Auseinandersetzung zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tottenham Outrage — Soldaten der Scots Guards eröffnen das Feuer auf die Anarchisten Die Belagerung der Sidney Street (engl.: Siege of Sidney Street; auch bekannt als „Schlacht von Stepney“, engl.: Battle of Stepney) war eine bewaffnete Auseinandersetzung zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chronology of Soviet secret police agencies — There was a succession of Soviet secret police agencies over time. The first secret police after the Russian Revolution, created by Vladimir Lenin s decree on December 20, 1917, was called Cheka (ЧК). Officers were referred to as chekists , a… …   Wikipedia

  • Latvian Riflemen — ( lv. Latviešu strēlnieki, ru. Латышские стрелки) were military formations assembled starting 1915 in Latvia in order to defend Baltic territories against Germans in World War I. Initially the battalions were formed by volunteers, and from 1916… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.