1976 in poetry

1976 in poetry

in?=in poetry
in2?=in literature
cp=19th century
c=20th century
cf=21st century


* Two poems written in 1965 by Mao Zedong just before the Cultural Revolution, including "Two Birds: A Dialogue", are published on January 1 [ [http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/timeline/] Representative Poetry Online Web site, which cites Facts on File 36 [1976] : 9]

Works published in English


* R. Berndt, editor, "Love Songs of Arnhem Land" (anthology) [Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, "The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics", 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "Australian Poetry" article, Anthologies section, p 108]
* Les Murray, "The Vernacular Republic Selected Poems" [http://www.poetryarchive.org/poetryarchive/singlePoet.do?poetId=216] Les Murray Web page at The Poetry Archive Web site, accessed October 15, 2007]
* John Tranter, "The Alphabet Murders" (notes from a work in progress), Angus & Robertson
* Chris Wallace-Crabbe, "The Foundations of Joy", (Poets of the Month Series), Sydney: Angus & Robertson


* Al Purdy, "Sundance at Dusk"
* Irving Layton, "My Brother Jesus"
* Gary Geddes, "War & Other Measures"
* Roland Giguere, "Miron" translated from French

New Zealand

* James K. Baxter, posthumous
** "The Bone Chanter: Unpublished Poems 1945–72", edited by J. E. Weir
** "The Holy Life and Death of Concrete Grady: Various Uncollected and Unpublished Poems", edited by J. E. Weir
* Alan Brunton, "Black & White Anthology", a 33-part sequence with an Asian setting, Hawk Press [Robinson, Roger and Wattie, Nelson, "The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature", 1998, pp. 75-76, "Alan Brunton" article by Peter Simpson]
* Vincent O'Sullivan, "James K. Baxter", biography, New Zealand

=United Kingdom=

* Kenneth Allott, "Collected Poems"
* W. H. Auden, "Collected Poems of W. H. Auden", edited by Edward Mendelson
* Frances Bellerby, "The First Known" (posthumous)
* Zoë Brooks, "Owl Shadows" and "Whispering Stone" "parallel booklets"
* George Mackay Brown, "Winterfold"
* Ciarán Carson: " The New Estate", Blackstaff Press, Wake Forest University Press
* Elizabeth Daryush, "Collected Poems"
* David Day, "Brass Rubbings"
* Patric Dickinson, "The Bearing Beast"
* Ruth Fainlight, "Another Full Moon"
* Tony Flynn, "Separations"
* Alistair Fowler, "Catagomb Suburb"
* Thom Gunn, "Jack Straw's Castle"
* Adrian Henri, "The Best of Adrian Henri"
* Ted Hughes, "Season Songs"
* Glyn Jones, "Selected Poems"
* Peter Levi, "Collected Poems"
* Hugh MacDairmid, "Collected Poems"
* Hugh Maxton, "The Noise of the Fields"
* Humphrey John Moore, "Collected Poems"
* Eleanor Murray, "Black and Sepia"
* Luke Parsons, "Last Poems"
* Brian Patten, "Vanishing Trick"
* Rodney Pybus, "Bridging Loans"
* Jon Silkin, "The Little Timekeeper"
* Derek Walcott, "Sea Grapes"
* David Wright, "A View of the North"
* Edmund Leo Wright, "The Horwich Hennets" (the poet invented the "hennet", a 12-line hendecasyllabic verse with the rhymes "abacbcde deff")
* Paul Yates, "Sky Made of Stone"

Anthologies in the United Kingdom

* Elaine Feinstein, editor and translator, "Three Russian Poets: Margarite Aliger, Yunna Morits, Bella Akhmadulina", Manchester, Carcanet Press
* F.E.S. Finn, "Here and Human"
* Antonia Fraser, "Scottish Love Poems"
* Dannie Abse, "Poetry Dimension Annual 4"
* Howard Sergeant, "New Poems 1976/1977", P.E.N. anthology

United States

* Diane Ackerman, "The Planets"
* Ted Berrigan, "Red Wagon"
* Elizabeth Bishop, "One Act"
* Raymond Carver, "At Night The Salmon Move"
* Maxine Chernoff, "Vegetable Emergency", prose poems (Beyond Baroque Foundation)
* Robert Creeley, "Selected Poems"
* James Dickey, "The Zodiac"
* Ed Dorn, translator, "Selected Poems of Cesar Vallejo, PenguinWeb page titled [http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/poet.html?id=1837"Archive / Edward Dorn (1929-1999)"] at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved May 8, 2008]
* Charles Doyle, "James K. Baxter", Boston: Twayne (Twayne's World Authors Series); study of the New Zealand poet
* Irving Feldman, "Leaping Clear"
* Marya Fiamengo, "In Praise of Older Women"
* John Hollander, "Reflections on Espionage"
* Robert Lowell, "Selected Poems"
* James Merrill: "Divine Comedies", including "Lost in Translation" and "The Book of Ephraim", a long narrative poem
* Lorine Niedecker, "Blue Chicory" (published posthumously)
* Kenneth Rexroth, "100 More Poems from the Japanese"
* Charles Reznikoff, "Poems 1918-1936"
* Muriel Rukeyser, "The Gates"
* Anne Sexton, "45 Mercy Street" (posthumous)
* James Tate, "Viper Jazz"

Criticism, scholarship and biography in the United States

* Harold Bloom, "Poetry and Repression", the final volume of a tetralogy that began with "The Anxiety of Influence in 1973
* Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren, "Understanding Poetry" (college textbook), originally published in 1938, goes into its fourth edition (after revised editions in 1950 and 1960); this would be the final edition before the deaths of the authors

Other in English

* Jayanta Mahapatra, Indian:
** "A Father's Hours" [http://www.orissagateway.com/features/Arts_and_Architecture/Art/Literature/Poets/Jayanta_Mohapatra/] Jayata Mahapatra Web page at the Orissa Gateway Web site, accessed October 16, 2007]
** "A Rain of Rites"

Works published in other languages


* Jørgen Nash, "Her er jeg"
* Klaus Rifbjerg, "Stranden"
* Jørgen Gustava Brandt:
** "Mit hjerte i København"
** "Jothárram"
** "Regnansigt"


* Paavo Haavikko, "Viiniä, kirjoitusta"
* Hannu Mäkelä, "Synkkyys pohjaton, ninn myös iloni, onneni"
* Jarkko Laine, "Viidenpennin Hamlet"
* Matti Rossi, "Laulu tummana tulevi"
* Matti Kuusi, "Kansanruno Kalevala", a reconstruction of the folk poems that formed the basis of the Finnish national epic, "Kaalevala", compiled in 1849 by Elias Lönnrot.

French language


* Raymond Queneau, "Morale élémentaire"
* Hervé Bazin, "Traits"
* Roland Bacri, "Roland Bacri" (the name of the author and book are the same)
* Jacques Prévert, "Grand Bal du printemps"
* Jean Berthet, "L'éternel instant"
* Robert Houdelot, "Les Treize"
* Philippe Chabaneix, "Dix nouvelles romances"
* Christian Dedeyan, "Chant du Houlme"
* Jacques Marlet, "Toi qui pâlis au nom de Vancouver"
* J.P. Seguin, "LAnnée poétique 1975"

Other in French

* John Jackson, a study of Yves Bonnefoy


* Georges Cartier, "Chanteaux"
* Paul Chanel Malenfant, "Poèmes de la mères pays"
* A Quebec collective of women, "La Nef des sorcières"

German language

West Germany

* Horst Bienek, "Gleiwitzer Kindheit"
* H. M. Enzensberger, "Mausoleum: 37 Ballads From the History of Progress"
* Michael Kruger, "Reginapoly"
* Ernst Meister, "Im Zeitspalt"
* Jurgen Theobaldy and Gustav Zürcher, "Veränderung der Lyrik: Über westdeutsche Gedichte seit 1965"Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, "The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics", 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "German Poetry" article, "Criticism in German" section, p 474]

East Germany

* Erich Arendt, "Memento und Bild"


* Dario Bellezza, "Morta segreta"
* Alberto Bevilacqua, "La crudeltà
* Amelia Rosselli, "Documento 1966-73"
* Angelo M. Ripellino, "La splendido violino verde"


* Göran Sonnevi, "Det omöjliga"
* Sten Hagliden, "Kvällsordat"
* Barbro Lindgren, "Rapporter från marken"

panish language


* Matilde Camus, "Siempre amor" ("Forever Love")
* Antonio Colinas, "Sepulcro en Taruinia"
* Claudio Rodriguez, "El vuelo de la celebración"

=Latin America=

* José Emilio Pacheco, "Islas a la deriva" (Mexico)
* Guadalupe Amor, "El zoológico de Pita Amor"
* Jomi García Ascot, "Un modo de decir"
* A workshop in "synthetic poetry" came out with "Doce modos"

Portuguese language


* Carlos de Oliveira, "Trabalho Poético"
* Egito Gonçalves, "Luz Vegital"
* Eugénio de Andrade, "Limar dos Pássaros"
* António Ramos Rosa, "Ciclo do Cavalo"
* Pedro Tamen, "Agora, Estar"


* Marcus Accioly, "Sisifo", a long poem containing multiple forms of poetry, including the classical sonnet, concrete and popular Brazilian forms
* Yolanda Jordão, "Biografia do Edificio e Anexos"
* Adélia Prado, "Bagagem"

Other languages

* Gerrit Kouwenaar, "Verzamelde Gedichten" (Netherlands)
* Wisława Szymborska: "Wielka liczba" ("A Large Number"), Poland

Awards and honors


* See 1976 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.

=United Kingdom=

* Cholmondeley Award: Peter Porter, Fleur Adcock
* Eric Gregory Award: Stewart Brown, Valerie Gillies, Paul Groves, Paul Hyland, Nigel Jenkins, Andrew Motion, Tom Paulin, William Peskett

United States

* Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (later the post would be called "Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress"): Robert Hayden appointed this year.
* Frost Medal: A.M. Sullivan
* National Book Award for Poetry: John Ashbery, "Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror"
* Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: John Ashbery: "Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror"
* Walt Whitman Award: Laura Gilpin, "The Hocus-Pocus of the Universe"
* Fellowship of the Academy of American Poets: J. V. Cunningham
* Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize: Denise Levertov, "The Freeing of the Dust" (Judge: Hayden Carruth)



* January 15Sydney Goodsir Smith, a New Zealand-Scottish poet, artist, dramatist and novelist
* January 18Chester Kallman, 53
* January 22Charles Reznikoff, 81, American Objectivist poet
* March 10Louis Sissman, 48, of Hodgkin's disease
* March 12Lloyd Frankenberg, 67
* March 22Stanley Young, 69
* April 28Richard A. W. Hughes, British poet, author and playwright
* May 10Roque Dalton, executed
* July 10Sir Francis Meynell, 84
* August 19Jan Nisar Akhtar, 62, Indian poet of Urdu ghazals and nazms, a lyricist for Bollywood and father of psychiatrist and poet Salman Akhtar
* August 29Kazi Nazrul Islam, 77, Bengali poet and composer best known as the Bidrohi Kobi ("Rebel Poet"), popular among Bengalis and considered the national poet of Bangladesh
* September 24?—Pat Lowther, Canadian poet murdered by her husband, Roy Lowther
* October 15James McAuley, Australian poet, academic, journalist, literary critic
* date not known – Anne Elder

ee also

* Poetry
* List of poetry awards
* List of years in poetry


* "Britannica Book of the Year 1977" ("for events of 1976"), published by "Encyclopaedia Britannica" 1977 (source of many items in "Works published" section and rarely in other sections)

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