- Kachin State
englishname = Kachin State
burmesename = ကချင်ပြည်နယ်
transcription = kahkyin-pi-nai
region = Northern
area = 89,041
ethnic = Kachin,
Bamar, Shan, Naga, Indians, Chinese
Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism
locatormapfile = MyanmarKachin
Kachin State (Jingphaw Mungdaw), is the northernmost state of
Burma. It is bordered by Chinato the north and east; Shan Stateto the south; and Sagaing Divisionand Indiato the west. It lies between north latitude 23° 27' and 28° 25' longitude 96° 0' and 98° 44' . The area of Kachin State is 34,379 sq. miles. The capital of the state is Myitkyina. Other important towns include Bhamo.
Kachin State has Myanmar’s highest mountain,
Hkakabo Razi, at 5889 meters in height, forming the southern tip of the Himalayas, and Southeast Asia’s largest inland lake, Indawgyi Lake.
The majority of the state's 1.2 million inhabitants are ethnic
Kachin, also known as Jinghpaw, Rawang, Lisu, Zaiwa, Lawngwaw, Lachyit, and the state is officially home to other ethnic groups such as Bamar, and Shan. No census has been taken in almost a century. Official government statistics state that the distribution by religion is 57.8% Buddhist, 36.4% Christian. The Kachin language is the lingua francain the State, and has a written version based on the Roman alphabet. [http://www.myanmar.com/Ministry/Moha/Kachin.pdf]
The economy of Kachin State is predominantly agricultural. The main products include
rice, sugar cane. Mineral products include goldand jade.
Kachin State is served by the following airports:
The Burmese government under
Aung Sanreached the Panglong Agreementwith the Shan, Kachin, and Chin peoples on 12 February, 1947. The agreement accepted "Full autonomy in internal administration for the Frontier Areas" in principle and envisioned the creation of a Kachin State by the Constituent Assembly. Kachin State was formed in 1948 out of the British Burmacivil districts of Bhamoand Myitkyina, together with the larger northern district of Puta-o. The vast mountainous hinterlands are predominantly Kachin, whereas the more densely populated railway corridor and southern valleys are mostly Shanand Bamar. The northern frontier was not demarcated and until the 1960s Chinese governments had claimed all of Kachin State as Chinese territory since the 18th century. Before the British rule, roughly 75% of all Kachin jadeiteended up in China, where it was prized much more highly that the local Chinese nephrite.
Kachin troops formerly formed a significant part of the Burmese army. With the unilateral abrogation of the
Union of Burmaconstitution by the Ne Winregime in 1962, Kachin forces withdrew and formed the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) under the Kachin Independence Organization(KIO). Aside from the major towns and railway corridor, Kachin State has been virtually independent from the mid 1960s through 1994, with an economy based on smuggling, jade trade with China and narcotics. After a Myanmar army offensive in 1994 seized the jade mines from the KIO, a peace treaty was signed, permitting continued KIO effective control of most of the State, under aegis of the Myanmar military. This ceasefire immediately resulted in the creation of numerous splinter factions from the KIO and KIA of groups opposed to the peace accord, and the political landscape remains highly unstable.
Traditional Kachin society was based on shifting hill agriculture. Political authority was based on chieftains who depended on support from immediate kinsmen. Considerable attention has been given by anthropologists of the Kachin custom of maternal cousin marriage, wherein it is permissible for a man to marry his mother’s brother’s daughter, but not with the father’s sister’s daughter. Traditional religion was animist, but missionary activity since the British period have converted the vast majority of the population to
Christianity(notably Baptistand pockets of Roman Catholicism).
* [http://www.kachinnet.com/ The KachinNet ]
Kumon Bum Mountains
* [http://www.kachinland.org Kachin National Organization]
* [http://www.kachinpost.com/ The Kachin Post]
* [http://www.kachinstate.com/ KIO News in English]
* [http://www.kachinnews.com/ News in Jingphaw, English and Burmese]
* [http://www.irrawaddy.org/multimedia.php?art_id=8384 World's End in Kachin State] Wofgang H Trost, "The Irrawaddy", July 1, 2007
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Look at other dictionaries:
Kachin State — One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, with an area of 89,042 square kilometers (34,379 square miles) and an estimated population in 2000 of 1.27 million (1983 census figure: 904,794). The state capital is Myitkyina. Kachin State contains… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Kachin State Cultural Museum — The Kachin State Cultural Museum is a museum that display figures of Kachin national races and their traditional dresses, traditional looms textile patterns, silverware jewellery, household utensils, musical instruments, weapons and models of… … Wikipedia
Kachin Independence Army — / Kachin Independence Organization (KIA/KIO) Before it signed a cease fire with the State Law and Order Restoration Council in 1994, the Kachin Independence Army was one of the best organized and most effective border area insurgencies … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Kachin Theological College — (KTC) is a member of Association for Theological Education in South East Asia (ATESEA). It is located in Nawng Nang, Myitkyina, Kachin State (Northern Myanmar), Myanmar. It is an evangelical school under Kachin Baptist Convention (KBC).The 57th… … Wikipedia
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Kachin — may refer to: #An ethnic group, in Burma known as Kachin (or Jingpaw), in China (Yunnan) known as Jingpo. in India (Arunachal) known as Singpho #The Jingpho language is sometimes referred to as Kachin #The Nhpaw or Jinghpaw is sometimes referred… … Wikipedia
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Kachin Independence Organisation — The Kachin Independence Organisation, KIO (established on February 5, 1961) is an insurgent political organisation of Kachins (Jingpo) in Burma (or Myanmar) which effectively controlled the Kachin State (excluding major cities and the railway)… … Wikipedia