Sagaing Division


Sagaing Division

Infobox Burmesestatedivision


englishname = Sagaing Division
burmesename = စစ်ကိုင်းတိုင်း
transcription = sackuing: tuing:
capital = Sagaing
region = Central Northwestern
area = 93,527
population = 5,300,000 (1996)
locatormapfile = MyanmarSagaing
ethnic = Bamar, Shan, Naga, Chin
religious = Buddhism, Christianity, animism

Sagaing Division is a division of Burma, located in the north-western part of the country between latitude 21° 30' north and longitude 94° 97' east. It is bordered by India’s Nagaland and Manipur States to the north, Kachin State, Shan State, and Mandalay Division to the east, Mandalay Division and Magway Division to the south, with the Ayeyarwady River forming a greater part of its eastern and also southern boundary, and Chin State and India to the west. The division has an area of 93,527 km², and population (1996) of over 5,300,000. The capital is Sagaing.

Sagaing Division consists of 198 wards and villages, 38 townships and eight districts; Sagaing, Shwebo, Monywa, Katha, Kale, Tamu, Mawlaik and Hkamti. The major cities are Sagaing, Monywa, Shwebo, Katha, Kale, Tamu, Mawlaik and Hkamti. Mingun with its famous bell is located near Sagaing but can be reached across the Ayeyarwady from Mandalay.

Demographics

Bamar are the majority ethnic group in the dry regions and along the Mandalay-Myitkyina Railroad. Shan live in the upper Chindwin River valley. A sizeable minority of Naga resides in the north of north-west mountain ranges and Chin in the south. Smaller ethnic groups native to the Division include the Kadu and Ganang, who live in the upper Mu River valley and Meza River valley.

Economy

Agriculture is the chief occupation. The leading crop is rice, which occupies most of the arable ground. Other crops include wheat, sesame, peanut, pulses, cotton, and tobacco. Sagaing is Myanmar’s leading producer of wheat, contributing more than 80% of the country's total production. Forestry is important in the wetter upper regions along the Chindwin River, with teak and other hardwoods extracted. As in other parts of the country, reforestation is not effective enough to maintain sustainable forestry. Important minerals include gold, coal, salt and small amounts of petroleum. Industry includes textiles, copper refining, gold smelting, and a diesel engine plant. The Division has many rice mills, edible oil mills, saw mills, cotton mills, and mechanized weaving factories. Local industry includes earthen pots, silverware, bronze-wares, iron-wares and lacquerware.

History

Sagaing was the capital of an independent Shan kingdom in 1315, after the fall of Bagan had created a power vacuum in central Burma. In 1364, the founder’s grandson moved the capital to nearby Ava.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sagaing-Division — 23.595.5 Koordinaten: 24° N, 96° O မ္ဝန္‌ပ္ရည္‌နယ္‌ Sagaing Division …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sagaing Division —    One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, with an area of 93,701 square kilometers (36,178 square miles), making it Burma s second largest regional jurisdiction, and an estimated population in 2000 of 5.3 million (1983 census figure: 3.8… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Division de Sagaing — စစ္‌ကုိင္‌း‌တုိင္‌း (Division de Sagaing) Drapeau de la division de Sagaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sagaing — Infobox Settlement official name = Sagaing other name = native name = my. စစ်ကိုင်းမြို့ nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = 300px image caption = The Ava Bridge on the Irwaddy flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size …   Wikipedia

  • Sagaing — 21.89590698027895.980682373056 Koordinaten: 21° 54′ N, 95° 59′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sagaing —    The capital of Sagaing Division, located on the west bank of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River, across from Mandalay. With an estimated population of 60,798 in 1996, it is one of Burma s historically most important cities, having served as a… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • División de Sagaing — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Mapa con la División de Sagaing. La División de Sagaing es una división administrativa de Myanmar, localizada en la parte de noroeste del país entre la latitud 21 ° 30 al norte y la longitud 94 ° 97 el este. La… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sagaing (Ciudad) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Sagaing (población aproximada 300.000 habitantes) es la ciudad más importante y la capital de la División de Sagaing, en Birmania. Se encuentra a orillas del río Ayeyarwady, 20 km. al suroeste de Mandalay en la banda …   Wikipedia Español

  • Division de Mandalay — 21°0′N 95°45′E / 21, 95.75 မန္တလေးတု …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Division de Magway — မက္ဝေးတုိင္‌း (Division de Magway) Drapeau de la division de Magway …   Wikipédia en Français