Bago Division


Bago Division

Infobox Burmesestatedivision
englishname = Bago Division
burmesename = ပဲခူးတိုင်း
transcription = pai: ku: tuing:


capital = Bago
region = Lower
area = 39,404
population = 5,014,000
locatormapfile = MyanmarBago
ethnic = Bamar, Kayin, Anglo-Burmes, Mon, Shan, Indians(mostly Tamils), Chinese
religious = Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism

Bago Division is an administrative division of Burma, located in the southern portion of the country. It is bordered by Magway Division and Mandalay Division to the north; Kayin State, Mon State and the Gulf of Martaban to the east; Yangon Division to the south and Ayeyarwady Division and Rakhine State to the west. It is located between 46°45'N and 19°20'N and 94°35'E and 97°10'E.

Demographics

The total population of Bago Division is 5,014,000, with Karen, Bamar, Mon, Chin, Rakhine, Shan, Tamils and Pa-O ethnic groups represented and a small hold over community of Anglo-Burmese reside in Bago Division. The majority of the people are Buddhists. Burmese language is the lingua franca.

Organization

Bago Division occupies an area of 15,214 square miles divided into the four districts of Bago, Pyay, Thayawady and Taungoo. Bago, the divisional capital, is the fourth largest town of Burma. Other major cities include Taungoo and Pyay.

Economy

The division's economy is strongly dependent on the timber trade. Taungoo, in the northern end of the Bago Division, is bordered by mountain ranges, home to teak and other hardwoods. Other natural resources include petroleum. The major crop is rice, which occupies over two-thirds of the available agricultural land. Other major crops include betel nut, sugarcane, maize, groundnut, sesamum, sunflower, beans and pulses, cotton, jute, rubber, tobacco, tapioca, banana, Nipa palm and toddy. Industry includes fisheries, salt, ceramics, sugar, paper, plywood, distilleries, and monosodium glutamate.

The major tourist sites of Bago Division can be reached as a day trip from Yangon.

Transportation

Bago Division is served by Pyay Airport

History

According to legend, two Mon princes from Thaton founded the city of Bago in 573 AD. They saw a female goose standing on the back of a male goose on an island in a huge lake. Believing this was an auspicious omen, the princes built a city called Hanthawady (Pali: Hamsavati) on the edge of the lake.

The earliest mention of this city in history is by the Arab geographer Ibn Khudadhbin around 850 AD. At the time, the Mon capital had shifted to Thanton. The Bamar from Bagan ruled the area in 1056. After the collapse of Bagan to the Mongols in 1287, the Mon regained their independence.

From 1369-1539, Hanthawady was the capital of the Mon kingdom of Ramanadesa, which covered all of what is now lower Burma. The area came under Burman control again in 1539, when it was annexed by King Tabinshwethi to his Kingdom of Taungoo.The kings of Taungoo made Bago their royal capital from 1539-1599 and again in 1613-1634, and used it as a base for repeated invasions of Siam. As a major seaport, the city was frequently visited by Europeans, who commented on its magnificence. The Burmese capital was relocated to Ava in 1634. In 1740, the Mon revolted and briefly regained their independence, but Burmese King Alaungpaya sacked and completely destroyed the city (along with Mon independence) in 1757.

Burmese King Bodawpaya (1782-1819) rebuilt Bago, but by then the river had shifted course, cutting the city off from the sea. It never regained its previous importance. After the Second Anglo-Burmese War, the British annexed Bago in 1852. In 1862, with the formation of the province of British Burma, the capital moved to Yangon.

Points of Interest

Kyaik Pun Paya

External links


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