- Bago Division
englishname = Bago Division
burmesename = ပဲခူးတိုင်း
transcription = pai: ku: tuing:
capital = Bago
region = Lower
area = 39,404
population = 5,014,000
locatormapfile = MyanmarBago
Bamar, Kayin, Anglo-Burmes, Mon, Shan, Indians(mostly Tamils), Chinese
Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism
Bago Division is an administrative division of
Burma, located in the southern portion of the country. It is bordered by Magway Divisionand Mandalay Divisionto the north; Kayin State, Mon Stateand the Gulf of Martabanto the east; Yangon Divisionto the south and Ayeyarwady Divisionand Rakhine Stateto the west. It is located between 46°45'N and 19°20'N and 94°35'E and 97°10'E.
The total population of Bago Division is 5,014,000, with Karen,
Bamar, Mon, Chin, Rakhine, Shan, Tamilsand Pa-Oethnic groups represented and a small hold over community of Anglo-Burmesereside in Bago Division. The majority of the people are Buddhists. Burmese languageis the lingua franca.
Bago Division occupies an area of 15,214 square miles divided into the four districts of Bago, Pyay, Thayawady and Taungoo. Bago, the divisional capital, is the fourth largest town of Burma. Other major cities include
The division's economy is strongly dependent on the
timbertrade. Taungoo, in the northern end of the Bago Division, is bordered by mountain ranges, home to teakand other hardwoods. Other natural resources include petroleum. The major crop is rice, which occupies over two-thirds of the available agricultural land. Other major crops include betel nut, sugarcane, maize, groundnut, sesamum, sunflower, beansand pulses, cotton, jute, rubber, tobacco, tapioca, banana, Nipa palmand toddy. Industry includes fisheries, salt, ceramics, sugar, paper, plywood, distilleries, and monosodium glutamate.
The major tourist sites of Bago Division can be reached as a day trip from Yangon.
Bago Division is served by
According to legend, two Mon princes from
Thatonfounded the city of Bago in 573 AD. They saw a female goose standing on the back of a male goose on an island in a huge lake. Believing this was an auspicious omen, the princes built a city called Hanthawady(Pali: Hamsavati) on the edge of the lake.
The earliest mention of this city in history is by the
Arabgeographer Ibn Khudadhbinaround 850 AD. At the time, the Mon capital had shifted to Thanton. The Bamar from Baganruled the area in 1056. After the collapse of Bagan to the Mongolsin 1287, the Mon regained their independence.
From 1369-1539, Hanthawady was the capital of the Mon kingdom of
Ramanadesa, which covered all of what is now lower Burma. The area came under Burman control again in 1539, when it was annexed by King Tabinshwethito his Kingdom of Taungoo.The kings of Taungoomade Bago their royal capital from 1539-1599 and again in 1613-1634, and used it as a base for repeated invasions of Siam. As a major seaport, the city was frequently visited by Europeans, who commented on its magnificence. The Burmese capital was relocated to Avain 1634. In 1740, the Mon revolted and briefly regained their independence, but Burmese King Alaungpayasacked and completely destroyed the city (along with Mon independence) in 1757.
Bodawpaya(1782-1819) rebuilt Bago, but by then the river had shifted course, cutting the city off from the sea. It never regained its previous importance. After the Second Anglo-Burmese War, the British annexed Bago in 1852. In 1862, with the formation of the province of British Burma, the capital moved to Yangon.
Points of Interest
Kyaik Pun Paya
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