- Ayeyarwady Division
englishname = Ayeyarwady Division (Irrawaddy Division)
burmesename = ဧရာဝတီတိုင်း
transcription = ei:rawati tuing:
region = Lower
area = 35,138
population = 6,663,000
locatormapfile = MyanmarAyeyarwady
Bamar, Rakhine, Indians, Kayin
Buddhism, Christianity, Islam
Ayeyarwady Division or Irrawaddy Division is a division of
Burma, occupying the delta region of the Ayeyarwady River(also known as the Irrawaddy River). It is bordered by Bago Divisionto the north, Bago Division and Yangon Divisionto the east, and the Bay of Bengalto the south and west. It is contiguous with the Rakhine Statein the northwest.
The division lies between north latitude 15° 40' and 18° 30' approximately and between cast longitude 94° 15' and 96° 15'. It has an area of 13,566 sq-miles. The population is over 6.5 million, making it the most populous of Burma’s states and divisions. The average population density per sq mile is 466 persons.
Ayeyarwady Division is flanked by the Rakhine Yoma (Arakan Mountains) range in the west and large areas were cleared for paddy cultivation, leading to its preeminent position as the main rice producer in the country, a position it has retained into the twenty-first century.
It has also a number of lakes. Of the rivers branching out from the mighty Ayeyawady, Ngawun, Pathein and Toe are famous.
The capital city of Ayeyawady division is
Chaungtha Beach and Ngwesaung Beach are popular resorts for both foreigners and Burma people.They are located in west side of Ayewarwaddy Division, one hours distance from
Patheincity and four hours from Yangoncity by road transportation.
Bamarand Karen form the majority of the population, with a small minority of Rakhinein western coastal regions. The majority of the people are Buddhist, with small minorities of Christiansand Muslims. Burmese is the lingua franca.
Ayeyarwady Division is heavily forested and wood products are an important component of the economy. The principal crop of Ayeyarwady Division is
rice, and the division is called the “granary of Burma.” In addition to rice, other crops include maize, sesame, groundnut, sunflower, beans, pulses, and jute. Fishery is also important; Ayeyarwady Division produces fish, prawn, fish-paste, dry fish, dry prawn, and fish sauce.
Ayeyarwady Division also has considerable tourist potential. The city of
Patheinhas numerous historic sights and temples. Outside Pathein are the beach resorts of Chaungtha Beach and the lake resort of Inye Lake. Inye lake is located in Kyonpyawtownship, 59 miles north east of Pathein. Inye lake is also well-known for fishery, as the major supplier of fresh water fish. Chaungtha is located in Pathein township. However, hotel and transportation infrastructureis still very poorly developed.
The Ayeyarwady delta region was traditionally part of the Mon kingdom. This area fell under Burmese (and occasional
Rakhine) rule from the 11th century AD. Its subsequent history mirrors that of the rest of lower Burma.
The area was the site of heavy devastation when
Cyclone Nargismade landfall in 2008.
Burma's state-controlled news media reported that Nargis left more than 66,000 people dead or missing after it struck the Irrawaddy Delta region May 2, unleashing torrential rains, 120 mph sustained winds and a 12-foot tidal wave. Foreign relief official and diplomats have said the death toll could exceed 100,000. [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/05/14/AR2008051400506.html Burma Rejects Large Scale Relief Effort] ]
The Ayeyarwady Division consists of five districts:
Pyapon District. Patheinis the principal city and capital. It consists of 26 townships and 29 cities. In the townships there are 219 wards, 1912 village groups and 11651 villages.
Ayeyarwady Division is served by
*Bo Myat Tun Bridge (Nyaungdon)
*Daydalu Bridge (Pyapon)
Dedaye Bridge( Kungyangon Townshipin Yangon Divisionand Dedaye Townshipin Ayeyawady Division)
*Khattiya Bridge (Maubin)
*Kyauk Chaung Gyi Bridge (Pathein)
*Maubin Bridge (Maubin)
*Maung Bi Wa Bridge (Pathein)
*Mayan Ngu Bridge (Myaungmya)
*Myaungmya Bridge (Myaungmya)
*Natchaung Bridge (Bogalay)
*Nga Wun Bridge (Myokwin)(Ingapu)
*Seikma Bridge (Bogalay)
Thegon Bridge(Kyaunggon Township and Kangyidaunk Township)
List of Universities, Colleges, Academy and Training Schools in Ayeyawady Division
*Pathein Education College
*Bogale Education College
*Myaungmya Education College
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См. также в других словарях:
Ayeyarwady Division — See Irrawaddy Division … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) Division — One of Burma s 14 states and divisions, with an area of 35,139 square kilometres (13,567 square miles) and an estimated population in 2000 of 6.8 million (1983 census figure: 4,994,061). The divisional capital is Bassein (Pathein), and the… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Division d'Ayeyarwady — 16°50′N 95°10′E / 16.833, 95.167 … Wikipédia en Français
Ayeyarwady — can mean: *Ayeyarwady River, the primary river of Myanmar *Ayeyarwady Division, an administrative division of Myanmar … Wikipedia
Ayeyarwady — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La división de Ayeyarwady es una división de Birmania, que ocupa la región del delta del Río Irrawady (también llamado río Ayeyarwady). Limita al norte con la división dey Bago con la división de Rangún por el este y … Wikipedia Español
Division de Bago — 18°15′N 96°0′E / 18.25, 96 ပဲခူးတုိင္း … Wikipédia en Français
Division de Pégou — Division de Bago 18°15′N 96°0′E / 18.25, 96 ပဲခူးတုိင္း … Wikipédia en Français
Division de Yangon — 17°0′N 96°10′E / 17, 96.167 ရန္ကုန္တု … Wikipédia en Français
Division de Magway — မက္ဝေးတုိင္း (Division de Magway) Drapeau de la division de Magway … Wikipédia en Français
Division de Sagaing — စစ္ကုိင္းတုိင္း (Division de Sagaing) Drapeau de la division de Sagaing … Wikipédia en Français