The parish church of St. Nicholas
Cramlington shown within Northumberland
Population 39,000 (2004 est.) OS grid reference Parish Cramlington Unitary authority Northumberland Ceremonial county Northumberland Region North East Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town CRAMLINGTON Postcode district NE23 Dialling code 01670 Police Northumbria Fire Northumberland Ambulance North East EU Parliament North East England UK Parliament Blyth Valley List of places: UK • England • Northumberland
Cramlington is a town and civil parish in the county of Northumberland, North East England, situated 9 miles (14 km) north of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne. The town's name suggests a probable founding by the Danes or an Anglo-Saxon origin, the word "ton" meaning town. The population was estimated as 39,000 in 2004. It sits on the border between Northumberland and North Tyneside with the traffic interchange at Moor Farm, Annitsford (in the latter) linking the two areas.
The first record of the Manor of Cramlington is from a mention in 1135 when the land was granted to Nicholas de Grenville. A register of early chaplains begins with John the Clerk of Cramlington (c.1163-1180). The register continues to the present day.
From the 12th century onwards, its history has been mostly rural incorporating several farms and the parish church of St. Nicholas (built at a cost of £3,000 during 1865-1868 in the Gothic style). During the early 19th century, coal mining with several mine shafts in the immediate vicinity (the first was sunk in 1824) began to change that. It remained small, however, until 1964 when it was proclaimed a New Town and developers such as William Leech and J.T. Bell developed large housing estates. Those estates have since been named Beaconhill, Collingwood, Eastfield, Mayfield, Shankhouse, Southfield, and Whitelea and the town has effectively become a dormitory town of the much larger city to its south.
During World War I, the North East of England was protected by the No. 36 Home Defence Squadron. The squadron was formed at Cramlington on 1 February 1916 by Capt. R. O. Abercromby, with Cramlington subsequently becoming an important base for military planes and airships. The Airship Station was at Nelson Village. A reference to Cramlington airfield is made in W. E. Johns 1935 book The Black Peril from the extremely popular Biggles series.
With the establishment of the new town, the area was arranged into estates, primarily with a designator of the part of the town in which the estate was to be found.
The estates are:
- Northburn (constructed between the late 1980s and the 1990s)
- Eastfield (constructed primarily in the late 1970s with an estate added in the mid-1990s)
- Westwood (constructed in the early 1980s)
- Southfield (constructed in the early 1970s)
- Southfield Gardens (constructed in the early 2000's)
- Mayfield (partially existing prior to the new town designation but with addition building in the late 1960s)
- Whitelea (one of the earliest of the new town estates, constructed in the late 1960s and early 1970s)
- Barns Park (constructed in the 1970s)
- Parkside (constructed in the 1970s)
- Beacon Hill (constructed in the 1970s)
- Beacon Lea (constructed in the 1970s)
There are several large industrial zones in Cramlington, most to the town's north-west near the sewage treatment plant, housing major pharmaceutical companies including Merck Sharp and Dohme. Other growing chemical companies including Aesica Pharmaceuticals are also present. The Officers Club menswear firm has its headquarters and supply warehouse in Cramlington, while other companies such as GE Oil & Gas also occupy large sites.
The Manor Walks shopping centre was constructed in the centre of the town in the 1970s, and was subsequently expanded in the mid-1990s and in 2003/4. The centre now includes retailers such as Argos, Asda, Boots, Next and Sainsbury's.
Provisional permissions were recently given to an open cast mining operation to the north-west of the town, however the fine detail of how much coal is to be extracted has yet to be agreed. As of July 2006, it now appears mining will not go ahead.
The town is served by Cramlington railway station, with services to the MetroCentre, Morpeth and Newcastle upon Tyne provided by Northern Rail. Cramlington has an extensive bus service which is provided by Arriva Northumbria, including a number of express services to Newcastle upon Tyne.
In line with many of the UK's post-war New Towns, Cramlington has an extensive bicycle network. With a grid spacing of approximately 500m, segregated cycle routes are provided free of motorised traffic.
Until September 2008, all schools in Northumberland operated under a three tier system, however, following a decision to convert the county to a two tier system, Cramlington was chosen as one of the first towns to complete this.
Prior to the closure of the area's many middle schools, some primary schools relocated to the former middle school sites. This will allow disused sites and land to be sold to housing developers and other parties.
There had been concern from local residents over traffic and parking arrangements at the new sites.
Cramlington Learning Village
In September 2008 Cramlington Community High School was renamed Cramlington Learning Village in line with the transfer from three to two tiers. The village has three sections: a Junior Learning Village (for Years 7 and 8), a Senior Learning Village (for Years 9 to 11) and an Advanced Learning Village (for Years 12 and 13).
Cramlington has a number of Christian churches of various denominations:
- Doxford Place Methodist Church
- Welcome Methodist Church (formerly Station Terrace Methodist Church)
- St. Nicholas Parish Church
- St. Andrew's (a plant from St. Nicholas in the Beaconhill area of the town)
- St. Peter's (a plant from St. Nicholas in the Northburn area of the town)
- St. Paul's
- St. John the Baptist
Cramlington's main leisure centre, Concordia, is situated in the town centre adjacent to the shopping mall and was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1977. It consists of a leisure pool, originally designed as an indoor tropical paradise, indoor football pitches, tennis, badminton and squash courts, as well as a climbing wall. It also features a gymnasium, sauna, bowling green, and bar. 2008 sees a number of improvements to the centre to bring it in line with the current Disability Discrimination laws in England.
As part of the new town design, the town has a large cycle path network. A cycle route also connects the town to the nearest beach, in Blyth. As of late March 2007, Blyth Valley council have announced that the cycle network is to be extended to allow access to the neighbouring town of Bedlington.
Cramlington participates in a town twinning scheme with three other towns - two in Germany and one in the Russian Federation.
Country Place County / District / Region / State Date Germany Solingen North Rhine-Westphalia 1974 Germany Ratingen North Rhine-Westphalia 1974 Russian Federation Gelendzhik Krasnodar Krai 1991
- Ross Noble, comedian, comes from Cramlington.
- Sting briefly was a first schoolteacher at St Paul's First School.
- Charles Fenwick, Trade Unionist, was born in the town.
- Ray Stevenson, actor, grew up in Cramlington.
- Sam Heads, entomologist and palaeontologist, comes from Cramlington.
- Footballers Alan Shearer, Steven Taylor and Peter Ramage played youth football for Cramlington Juniors F.C..
- Joe Brown, football player in the 1940s and 50s, Burnley manager
- James Brown, Hartlepool United striker was born in Cramlington
- Jimmy Isaac, footballer in the 1930s and 40s for Huddersfield Town, born in Cramlington.
- Graeme Owens, winger former Middlesbrough FC youth graduate and current Kilmarnock F.C player, was born in Cramlington
- Andy Sinton, former Sheffield Wednesday and Spurs footballer was born in Cramlington
- Roger Uttley, former England national Rugby Union player was a sports teacher at Cramlington High School
- Gary Robson, professional darts player born and lives in Cramlington.
- Peter Haddock, professional football player lived in Cramlington. Most notable for playing for Leeds United, he also played for Newcastle United and Burnley
- Jamie McClen, footballer who now plays for Morpeth Town F.C, after coming up through the youth ranks at Newcastle United.
- John Carver (Footballer), former footballer, assistant manager at Newcastle United under Sir Bobby Robson, Toronto F.C Manager and current Plymouth Argyle assistant manager, coached Cramlington Juniors F.C for a short period.
- Mark Clattenburg, Barclays Premier League Referee, was raised in the town and went to Cramlington High School
- Michael Oliver (referee), youngest ever Barclays Premier League Referee, was born, raised and resides in Cramlington.
- Stephen Caldwell, former Newcastle United Defender and current Burnley captain and Scotland international, used to live in the centre of the town, while he was at Newcastle.
- Stephen Miller (Athlete), Paralympic Gold Medalist comes from Cramlington.
- Martin Brittain, professional footballer and former Newcastle United and current Gateshead F.C. midfielder is from Cramlington.
- Martin Taylor, professional footballer currently with Birmingham City, went to Cramlington High School.
- ^ "Officers Club Contact Details". The Officers Club. http://www.theofficersclub.co.uk/contact.aspx. Retrieved 2009-11-02. [dead link]
- ^ "Officers Club deal saves 900 jobs". BBC News Online. 2008-12-23. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7798565.stm. Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- ^ "GE in the UK". http://www.ge.com/uk/company/factsheet_uk.html. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
- ^ Revised Opencast Plans - Northumberland County Council
- ^ "Sculpture and pit plans scrapped". BBC News. 2006-07-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/tyne/5146544.stm. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- ^ Site visits to schools as residents raise issues - News Post Leader
- ^ "The Blagdon Arms". Images of England. English Heritage. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=236021&mode=quick. Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- History of the No. 36 Home Defence squadron
- Northumberland Communities Photos and maps of Cramlington from 1610-1910.
- Cramlington United FC Children's football in Cramlington for kids from aged 4 to young adult.
Unitary authorities Major settlements Topics
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