Barbagia is an area of inner Sardinia.

The name comes from Cicero, who described it as a land of "Barbarians". This word derives from the Greek Βάρβαρος-ου, which means stuttering, and is a reference to the fact that the inhabitants of Barbagia couldn't speak Latin well Fact|date=January 2008. The inhabitants were also known as "latrones mastrucati", which means "thieves with a rough garment in wool".

The area is usually divided into three Barbagias: the Barbagia di Ollolai, the Barbagia di Seulo and the Barbagia di Mandrolisai. The latter is named after a sub-region, and the others after their main villages.

The area is full of hard hills, and there is little human presence. In fact, Barbagia is one of the least populated areas in Europe. These facts have allowed Barbagia to preserve its cultural and natural treasures. The language spoken is Sardo logudorese.

One of the most important towns is Gavoi. Orgosolo is famous for its bandits and kidnappers. Oliena is well known for its wines (especially the Nepente, a wine made with Cannonau grapes). Another well known town is Fonni, being the highest town in Sardinia, More than 1000 meters above sea level. Fonni is also the gateway to the Gennargentu mountain system

Economy: agriculture, sheep breeding, art and tradition related business, tourism and light industry.

ee also


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