- Translative case
declension(case) indicates a change in state of a noun, with the general sense of "becoming "X" or "change to "X".
Finnish language, this is the counterpart of the Essive case, with the basic meaning of a change of state. It is also used for expressing "in (a language)" and "considering it's a (status)". Its ending is "-ksi". Examples:
* "pitkä" "long", "venyi pitkäksi" "(it) stretched long"
* "englanti" "English", "englanniksi" "in English"
* "pentu" "cub", "Se on pennuksi iso" "For a cub, it is big"
* "musta aukko" "black hole", "(muuttui/muuntautui) mustaksi aukoksi" "(turned into) a black hole"
* "kello kuusi" "(at) six o' clock", "kello kuudeksi" "by six o' clock"
Examples in Estonian:
* "must auk" "black hole", "(muutus/muundus) mustaks auguks" "(turned into) a black hole"
* "kell kuus" "(at) six o' clock", "kella kuueks" "by six o' clock"
Examples in Hungarian. The ending is -vá / -vé after a vowel; assimilating to the final consonsant otherwise:
* "só" "salt", "Lót felesége sóvá változott" "Lot's wife turned into salt"
* "fiú" "boy; son" "fiává fogad" "adopt as one's son"
* "bolond" "fool" "bolonddá tett engem" "He made a fool out of me."
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translative case — noun a form of declension that indicates a change in the state of a noun; the Estonian and Finnish languages have such a case … Wiktionary
translative — 1. adjective a) of, or relating to the movement of a person or thing from one place to another b) of, or relating to the translation of language 2. noun a) the translative case … Wiktionary
translative — /trans lay tiv, tranz , trans lay , tranz /, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the transfer of something from one person, position, or place to another. 2. of translation; serving to translate. 3. Gram. noting a case, as in Finnish, whose distinctive… … Universalium
case — Synonyms and related words: Bible truth, Smyth sewing, abessive, ablative, absolute fact, accepted fact, accusative, action, actual fact, adessive, admitted fact, afghan, alien, allative, ammunition box, anyhow, anyway, apoplectic, approximative … Moby Thesaurus
Exessive case — The exessive case is a grammatical case that denotes a transition away from a state. It is a rare case found in certain dialects of Baltic Finnic languages. It completes the series of to/in/from a state series consisting of the translative case,… … Wikipedia
Grammatical case — Grammatical categories Animacy Aspect Case Clusivity Definiteness Degree of comparison Evidentiality … Wikipedia
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Dative case — The dative case (abbreviated dat, or sometimes d when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given, as in George gave Jamie a drink . In general, the dative marks the indirect object… … Wikipedia
Nominative case — The nominative case (abbreviated nom) is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.… … Wikipedia