- Ernesto Geisel
March 15, 1974
March 15, 1979
Emílio Garrastazú Médici
João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo
Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul
death_date=death date and age|1996|9|12|1907|8|3|mf=y
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
National Renewal Alliance Party- ARENA
President of Brazil
Adalberto Pereira dos Santos
Ernesto Beckmann Geisel, pron. IPA2|eʁ'nɛstu 'bɛkmɐ͂ 'gajzew, (
August 3, 1907- September 12, 1996) was a Brazilian military leader and politician.
Early life and family
Born in Bento Gonçalves as the son of
LutheranGerman immigrants, Geisel along with his brother, Orlando (1905-1979, who would be later Minister of Army in the Médici's government), entered the army early and was the first of his class when he graduated from the Military College of Porto Alegrein 1925. He acquired a better military knowledge as he attended the Escola Militar do Realengo, graduated, in 1928, as first in his class and could take part in the artillery as an "Aspirante". Geisel witnessed and participated in the most prominent events of Brazilian history in the 20th century, such as the revolution of 1930, the Getúlio Vargasdictatorship and the 1964 military coup d'état that overthrew the leftist President João Goulart. In this military intervention, Geisel was an important figure and he became Military chief of Staff of President Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco. ["Ernesto Geisel." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research, 1998.]
Also in 1964 he became Lieutenant-General and in 1966 a 4 star-General. In 1969 he was made president of
Petrobras, the state-owned oil company of Brazil.
Geisel married Lucy Markus, the daughter of an army colonel, in 1940. They had a daughter, Amália Lucy (later a university professor), and a son, Orlando, from whose death in a 1957 train accident his father never completely recovered. His widow died in an automobile accident in 2000. [pt icon [http://www.terra.com.br/istoegente/32/tributo/index.htm Death notice] ]
In 1973 Geisel was appointed by President
Emílio Garrastazu Médiciand other military leaders to be the candidate of the National Renewal Alliance Party(ARENA) for the presidency. At that time, the president of Brazil was chosen by the military and then approved by the Congress in order to give an impression of free elections. Geisel was elected by a vast majority and was inaugurated on March 15, 1974for a five-year mandate.
From 1968 to 1973, the Brazilian economy grew at a rate of more than 10% per year, the fastest in the world. But due to the oil shock crisis in 1974, development fell to 5%-6% per year. Because oil had to be imported, Brazil's foreign debt began to rise.
In the early 1970s, the radical leftists were
tortured or even murdered, while the press was censored. By 1974 signals of guerrilla activities were silenced.
Sensing that military rule could not be prolonged indefinitely, Geisel and his Chief of Staff, Minister
Golbery do Couto e Silvadevised a plan of gradual, slow democratization that would succeed, in spite of all attempts and threats of the opposition offered by radical sectors of the military hierarchy.
The military regime's main
censorshiptool, the Fifth Institutional Act, which had given the government dictatorial powers, was renounced by President Geisel in the end of 1978.
In his 5 years of government, Geisel adopted a more pragmatic
foreign policy. Despite being a conservativeand deeply anti-communist, Geisel made significant overtures towards the communist bloc.
During Geisel's term of office, Brazil established diplomatic relations with the
People's Republic of Chinaand Angola, signaling a growing distance between Brasiliaand Washington. Although both countries remained allies, Geisel was keen to seek alliances and, more importantly, economic opportunities in other parts of the Globe, especially Africa and Asia.
In 1978 Geisel appointed General
João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredoas his successor. He left office on March 15, 1979.
1964 Brazilian coup d'état
List of Presidents of Brazil
History of Brazil (1964-present)
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Look at other dictionaries:
Ernesto Geisel — Mandats 29e président de la République fédérative du Brésil 15 … Wikipédia en Français
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Ernesto — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 Siehe auch 4 Sonstiges … Deutsch Wikipedia
Geisel — is a surname, and may refer to:* Theodor Seuss Geisel (1904–1991), otherwise known as Dr. Seuss, a popular children s author. * Ernesto Geisel (1908 1996), a Brazilian military general and politician.surname … Wikipedia
Geisel — Geisel, Ernesto … Enciclopedia Universal
Geisel, Ernesto — ▪ 1997 Brazilian army general and politician (b. Aug. 3, 1908, Bento Gonçalves, Brazil d. Sept. 12, 1996, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), was president of Brazil from 1974 to 1979, the fourth of the five generals who ruled the country from 1964 to … Universalium
Geisel — Gekidnappter; Entführter * * * Gei|sel [ gai̮zl̩], die; , n: Person, die zu dem Zweck gefangen genommen und festgehalten wird, dass für ihre Freilassung bestimmte Forderungen erfüllt werden: jmdn. als/zur Geisel nehmen; sie war wochenlang als… … Universal-Lexikon