Elative case

Elative case

"See Elative for disambiguation."

Elative (from Latin "efferre" "to bring or carry out") is a locative case with the basic meaning "out of".

In Finnish elative is typically formed by adding "sta/stä", in Estonian by adding "st" to the genitive stem. In Hungarian the suffix "ból/ből" is used for elative.

"talosta" - "out of the house, from house" (Finnish "talo" = "house")
"majast" - "out of the house, from house" (Estonian "maja" = "house")
"házból" - "out of house" (Hungarian "ház" = "house")

In some dialects of Spoken Finnish it is common to drop the last vowel and thus the usage of elative resembles that of Estonian, for example "talost' "."

Other locative cases are:
*Inessive case ("in")
*Illative case ("into")
*Adessive case ("on")
*Allative case ("onto")
*Ablative case ("off")

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  • elative case — noun The case used to indicate movement out of something; for example, out of the house. Some languages that make use of the elative are Finnish, Hungarian, and Estonian …   Wiktionary

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  • elative — I. ˈēləd.iv, ˈel adjective Etymology: Latin elatus + English ive of a grammatical case : denoting motion away from II. noun ( s) Etymology: Latin …   Useful english dictionary

  • elative — /ee leuh tiv, el euh /, Gram. adj. 1. noting a case, as in Finnish, whose function is to indicate motion out of or away from. n. 2. an elative case. 3. an adjectival form, as in Arabic, denoting intensity or superiority, approximately equivalent… …   Universalium

  • elative — noun a) In Semitic languages, the “adjective of superiority.” In some languages such as Arabic, the concepts of comparative and superlative degree of an adjective are merged into a single form, the elative. How this form is understood or… …   Wiktionary

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  • elative — /əˈleɪtɪv/ (say uh laytiv) adjective 1. having a superlative or intensive function. 2. denoting a grammatical case used in some languages to express motion away from. –noun 3. a superlative or intensifier. {Latin ēlātus elevated + ive} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ablative case — In linguistics, ablative case (abbreviated ABL) is a name given to cases in various languages whose common characteristic is that they mark motion away from something, though the details in each language may differ. The name ablative is derived… …   Wikipedia

  • Illative case — in the Finno Ugric languages= Illative (from Latin illatus brought in ) is, in the Finnish language, Estonian language and the Hungarian language, the third of the locative cases with the basic meaning of into (the inside of) .An example from… …   Wikipedia

  • Inessive case — (from Latin inesse to be in or at ) is a locative grammatical case. This case carries the basic meaning of in : for example, in the house is talo·ssa in Finnish, maja·s in Estonian, etxea·n in Basque, nam·e in Lithuanian and ház·ban in… …   Wikipedia

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