Inessive case


Inessive case

Inessive case (from Latin "inesse" "to be in or at") is a locative grammatical case. This case carries the basic meaning of "in": for example, "in the house" is "talo·ssa" in Finnish, "maja·s" in Estonian, "etxea·n" in Basque, "nam·e" in Lithuanian and "ház·ban" in Hungarian.

In Finnish the inessive case is typically formed by adding "ssa/ssä". Estonian adds "s" to the genitive stem. In Hungarian, the suffix "ban/ben" is most commonly used for inessive case, although many others, such as -on, -en, -ön and others are also used, especially with cities.

In the Finnish language, the inessive case is considered the first of the six locative cases, which correspond to prepositions in English. The remaining five cases are:
* Elative case ("out of")
* Illative case ("into")
* Adessive case ("on")
* Ablative case ("off")
* Allative case ("onto")


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  • inessive case — noun noun case used to indicate location inside something. In English, this is usually expressed by the prepositions in or inside, as in inside the house. Languages that use the inessive case include Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, and Erzya …   Wiktionary

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  • inessive — /in es iv/, Gram. adj. 1. noting a case, as in Finnish, whose distinctive function is to indicate place in or within which. n. 2. the inessive case. [1885 90; < L iness(e) to be in, at, or on (in IN 2 + esse to be; see IS) + IVE] * * * …   Universalium

  • inessive — I. ə̇ˈnesiv adjective Etymology: Latin inesse to be in (from in in (II) + esse to be) + English ive more at is of a grammatical case : denoting position or location within …   Useful english dictionary

  • case — Synonyms and related words: Bible truth, Smyth sewing, abessive, ablative, absolute fact, accepted fact, accusative, action, actual fact, adessive, admitted fact, afghan, alien, allative, ammunition box, anyhow, anyway, apoplectic, approximative …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Locative case — Locative (also called the seventh case ) is a grammatical case which indicates a location. It corresponds vaguely to the English prepositions in , on , at , and by . The locative case belongs to the general local cases together with the lative… …   Wikipedia

  • Adessive case — In Finno Ugric languages, such as Finnish, Estonian and Hungarian, the adessive case (from Latin adesse to be present ) is the fourth of the locative cases with the basic meaning of on . For example, Estonian laud (table) and laual (on the table) …   Wikipedia

  • Allative case — (abbreviated ALL, from Latin allāt , afferre to bring to ) is a type of the locative cases used in several languages. The term allative is generally used for the lative case in the majority of languages which do not make finer… …   Wikipedia

  • Illative case — in the Finno Ugric languages= Illative (from Latin illatus brought in ) is, in the Finnish language, Estonian language and the Hungarian language, the third of the locative cases with the basic meaning of into (the inside of) .An example from… …   Wikipedia

  • Abessive case — In linguistics, abessive (abbreviated ABESS, from Latin abesse to be distant ), caritive and privative (abbreviated PRIV) are names for a grammatical case expressing the lack or absence of the marked noun. In English, the corresponding function… …   Wikipedia


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