Socialist Republic of Montenegro


Socialist Republic of Montenegro

Infobox SFRY
name = Socialist Republic of Montenegro
full-name = Socialist Republic of Montenegro
loc-name = Socijalistička Republika Crna Gora
Социјалистичка Република Црна Гора



arms = SR Montenegro coa.png


capital = Titograd (today Podgorica)
language = Serbo-Croatian (to 1954 Serbian)
established = November 1943
sfry-start = January 31, 1946
sfry-end = April 27, 1992
area-rank = 6th
area = 13,810
water = 1.5%
pop-rank = 6th
pop = 615,035
density = 44.5
currency = динар, "dinar"
time-zone = + 1
year_start = 1943
year_end = 1992
p1 = Zeta Banovina
flag_p1 = Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (civil).svg
s1 = Republic of Montenegro (federal)
flag_s1 = Flag of Montenegro (1993-2004).svg

Socialist Republic of Montenegro (Serbo-Croat: "Socijalistička republika Crna Gora", Социјалистичка република Црна Гора) or SR Montenegro in shortened form, was a socialist state that was a constituent country in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is a predecessor of the modern day Montenegro. On 7 July 1963 the People's Republic of Montenegro was renamed the "Socialist Republic of Montenegro" (a change ratified by both the federal Constitution and the newly created Montenegrin Constitution; both in 1963). It was a non-national free state with Serbo-Croatian as the official language, which was at the end replaced by the "Serbian language of ijekavian dialect". In 1991 as the League of Communists in Montenegro changed its name to Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro after the first free elections, the adjective "Socialist" was deleted from the republic's title (ratified by the 1992 Constitution).

Demographics

1971 census:
*Montenegrins: 355,632 ("67.15%")
*Muslims: 70,236 ("13.26%")
*Serbs: 39,512 or ("7.46%")
*Albanians: 35,671 ("6.74%")
*Yugoslavs: 10,943 ("2.07%")
*Croats: 9,192 ("1.74%")
*Total: 529,604 inhabitants

1981 census:
*Montenegrins: 400,488 ("68.54%")
*Muslims: 78,080 ("13.36%")
*Albanians: 37,735 ("6.46%")
*Yugoslavs: 31,243 ("5.35%")
*Serbs: 19,407 ("3.32%")
*Croats: 6,904 ("1.81%")
*Roma: 1,471 ("0.25%")
*Macedonian: 875 ("0.15%")
*Slovenians: 564 ("0.1%")
*Hungarians: 238 ("0.04%")
*Germans: 107 ("0.02%")
*Russians: 96 ("0.02%")
*Italians: 45 ("0.01%")
*other: 816 ("0.14%")
*No response: 301 ("0.05%")
*Regional affiliation: 1,602 ("0.27%")
*Unknown: 4,338 ("0.74%")
*Total: 584,310 inhabitants

1991 census
*Montenegrins: 380,467 ("61.86%")
*Muslims: 89,614 ("14.57%")
*Serbs: 57,453 ("9.34%")
*Albanians: 40,415 ("6.57%")
*Yugoslavs: 26,159 ("4.25%")
*Croats: 6,244 ("1.02%")
*Roma: 3,282 ("0.53%")
*Macedonians: 1,072 ("0.17%")
*Slovenians: 369 ("0.06%")
*Hungarians: 205 ("0.03%")
*Germans: 124 ("0.02%")
*Russians: 118 ("0.02%")
*Italians: 58 ("0.01%")
*other: 437 ("0.07%")
*No response: 1,944 ("0.32%")
*Regional belonging: 998 ("0.16%")
*Unknown: 6,076 ("0.99%")
*Total: 615,035 inhabitants

Heads of Institutions

President

*President of the Anti-Fascist Council of People's Liberation of Montenegro and Boka
**Dr Niko Miljanić (15 November 1943 - 14 July 1944)
*President of the Montenegrin Anti-Fascist Assembly of People's Liberation
**Dr Niko Miljanić (14 July 1944 - 21 November 1946)
*President of the Presidium of the Constitutional Assembly
**Miloš Rašović (21 November 1946 - 1 January 1947)
*Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
**Miloš Rašović (1 January 1947 - 6 November 1950)
**Nikola Kovačević (6 November 1950 - 4 February 1953)
*Presidents of the People's Assembly
**Nikola Kovačević (4 February 1950 - 15 December 1953)
**Blažo Jovanović (15 December 1953 - 12 July 1962)
**Filip Bajković (12 July 1962 - 5 May 1963)
**Andrija Mugoša (5 May 1963 - 5 May 1967)
**Veljko Milatović (5 May 1967 - 6 October 1969)
**Vidoje Žarković (6 October 1969 - April 1974)
**Budislav Šoškić (April 1974 - 5 April 1974)
*Presidents of the Presidency
**Veljko Milatović (5 April 1974 - 7 May 1982)
**Veselin Đuranović (7 May 1982 - 7 May 1983)
**Marko Orlandić (7 May 1983 - 7 May 1984)
**Miodrag Vlahović (7 May 1984 - 7 May 1985)
**Branislav Šoškić (6 May 1985 - 6 May 1986)
**Radivoje Brajović (6 May 1986 - 6 May 1988)
**Božina Ivanović (6 May 1988 - 13 January 1989)
**Slobodan Simović (acting) (13 January 1989 - 17 March 1989)
**Branko Kostić (17 March 1989 - 23 December 1990)
**Momir Bulatović (23 December 1990 - 1992)

Prime Minister

*Minister for Montenegro (in the central Yugoslav government)
**Milovan Đilas (7 March 1945 - April 1945)
*Prime Minister of Montenegro
**Blažo Jovanović (17 April 1945 - 4 February 1953)
*Presidents of the Executive Council
**Blažo Jovanović (4 February 1953 - 16 December 1953)
**Filip Bajković (16 December 1953 - 12 July 1962)
**Đorđije Pajković (16 December 1962 - 25 June 1963)
**Veselin Đuranović (25 June 1963 - 8 December 1966)
**Mijuško Šibalić (8 December 1966 - 5 May 1967)
**Vidoje Žarković (5 May 1967 - 7 October 1969)
**Žarko Bulajić (7 October 1969 - 6 May 1974)
**Marko Orlandić (6 May 1974 - 28 April 1978)
**Momčilo Cerović (28 April 1978 - 7 May 1982)
**Radivoje Brajović (7 May 1982 - 6 June 1986)
**Vuko Vukadinović (6 June 1986 - 29 March 1989)
**Radoje Kontić (29 March 1989 - 15 February 1991)


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