- VLC media player
name = VLC media player
caption = Screenshot of VLC 0.8.x running under
released = initial release|2001|02|01
frequently_updated = yes
programming language = C/C++
operating system =
language = multilingual
genre = Media player
GNU General Public Licensev2 or later
website = [http://www.videolan.org/ VideoLAN.org] en icon
VLC media player is a
free softwaremedia player written by the VideoLANproject.
VLC is a portable multimedia player, encoder, and streamer supporting many audio and video
codecs and file formats as well as DVDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols. It is able to stream over networks and to transcode multimedia files and save them into various different formats. VLC used to stand for "VideoLAN Client", but that meaning is now deprecated. [cite web | url=http://www.jbkempf.com/blog/post/2006/11/23/VLC-Name | title=VLC Name | author=Jean-Baptiste Kempf | date=November 23, 2006 | work=Yet another blog for JBKempf | accessdate=2007-02-24 ] [cite web | url=http://wiki.videolan.org/Intellectual_Properties#Names_.2F_Trademark | title=Intellectual Properties | author=VideoLAN Team | work=VideoLAN Wiki | accessdate=2007-07-30 ] It is one of the most platform-independent players available, with versions for BeOS, Syllable, BSD, Linux, Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, MorphOSand Solaris, and is widely used with over 100 million downloads for version 0.8.6. [cite web | url = http://www.videolan.org/stats/downloads.php | title=Download Statistics | work=VideoLAN Project | accessdate=2008-03-01 ]
VLC includes a large number of free decoding and encoding libraries; on the Windows platform, this greatly reduces the need for finding/calibrating proprietary plugins. Many of VLC's
codecs are provided by the libavcodeclibrary from the FFmpegproject, but it uses mainly its own muxerand demuxers. It also gained distinction as the first player to support playback of encrypted DVDs on Linux by using the libdvdcssDVD decryption library.
Version 0.9.2, which features a new interface and adds support for new codecs was released on
15 September 2008.
Originally the VideoLAN project was intended to consist of a client and server to stream videos across a network. Originally developed by students at the
École Centrale Paris, it is now developed by contributors worldwide. VLC was the client for the VideoLAN project, with VLC standing for "VideoLAN Client". It was released under the GPL on February 1, 2001. The functionality of the server program, "VideoLAN Server" (VLS), has mostly been subsumed into VLC and has been discontinuedFact|date=September 2008. The project name was changed to "VLC media player" since there is no longer a client/server infrastructure.
The cone icon used in VLC is a reference to the rendered version in 2006. [cite web | url=http://trac.videolan.org/vlc/browser/share/vlc48x48.png?rev=9ef388cc16e200fa0a4571f9b006c0d58e9ba115 | title=vlc48x48.png | format=PNG | work=VideoLAN Project | accessdate=2008-08-06 ]
VLC has a very modular design which makes it easier to include modules for new file formats, codecs or streaming methods. This principle also stretches to other areas and there is a wide selection of interfaces, video and audio outputs, controls, and audio and video filter modules. There are more than 360 modules in VLC. [cite web | url=http://trac.videolan.org/vlc/browser/modules/LIST | title=VLC media player List of modules | work=VLC media player trac system ]
GUIis based on Qt 4 for Windows and Linux, Cocoa for Mac OS X, and Be APIon BeOS; but all give a similar standard interface. The old standard GUIwas based on wx on Windows and Linux. [cite web | url=http://www.jbkempf.com/blog/post/2007/02/10/Qt4-Interface | title=Qt4 Interface | author=Jean-Baptiste Kempf | date=February 10, 2007 | work=Yet another blog for JBKempf | accessdate=2007-03-07 ]
VideoLAN Client(VLC) supports highly customizable skins through the skins2 interface, also supporting
Winamp2 and XMMSskins. The customizable skins feature can malfunction depending on which version is being used.
For console users, VLC has an
ncursesinterface. As VLC can act as a streaming server, rather than a media player, it can be useful to control it from a remote location and there are interfaces allowing this. The Remote Control Interface is a text-based interface for doing this. There are also interfaces using telnetand HTTP(AJAX).
In addition to these interfaces, it is possible to control VLC in different ways:
* configurable hotkeys
LIRCand infrared controllers
* VLC is popular for its ability to play the video content of incomplete, unfinished, or damaged video downloads before the files have been fully downloaded. (For example, files still downloading via BitTorrent,
eMule, or Gnutella). It also plays m2tMPEG Transport Streams (.TS) files while they are still being digitized from an HDVcamera via a FireWirecable, making it possible to monitor the video as it is being played. This is because it is a packet-based player.
* The player also has the ability to use libcdio to access
.isofiles so that the user can play files on a disk image, even if the user's operating system does not have the capability of working directly with .iso images.
* VLC supports all codecs and all file formats supported by
FFmpeg. This means that DVD Video and MPEG-4playback as well as support for Oggand Matroska(MKV) file formats work "out of the box". However, this feature is not unique to VLC, as any player using the FFmpeg libraries, including MPlayerand xine-lib-based players, can play those formats without need for external codecs. VLC also supports codecs that are not included in FFmpeg.
* VLC media player has some filters that can distort, rotate, split,
deinterlace, mirror videos, create display walls, or add a logo overlay. It can also produce video output as ASCII art.
* VLC media player can play high definition recordings of
D-VHStapes duplicated to a computer using CapDVHS.exe. This offers another way to archive all D-VHS tapes with the DRM copy freely tag. An entire library of tapes (or about 50 D-VHS 2 hours long) can be placed on a single terabyte sized hard drive. However, they must be imported by playing the tapes in real time, and can't simply be copied as data files.
* Using a
FireWireconnection from cable boxes to computers, VLC can stream live, unencrypted content to a monitor or HDTV.
* VLC media player can display the playing video as the desktop wallpaper, like
Windows DreamScene, but this feature is not currently available on Linux.
* VLC media player can do screencast and record the desktop.
* On Microsoft Windows, VLC also supports the Direct Media Object (DMO) framework and can therefore make use of some third-party DLLs.
Use of VLC with other programs
name = libVLC
released = initial release|2001|02|01
latest release version =
latest release date =
latest preview version =
latest preview date =
frequently updated =
programming language = C
operating system =
platform = Native,
.NET, Java, Python and Cocoa
language = multilingual
genre = Multimedia Library
GNU General Public License
website = http://wiki.videolan.org/Libvlc en iconThere are several
APIs that can connect to VLC and use its functionality:
* libVLC API, which is the VLC Core, for C, C++ and C#.
* C# interface.
* Python controls.
* Java API [ [http://wiki.videolan.org/Java_bindings Java binding Project] ] .
DirectShowfilters. [cite web | last=Anderson | first=Dean | coauthors= Lamberson, Jim
title=Using VideoLan VLC in DirectShow | work=An open source bridge from VLC to DirectShow
2007| url=http://www.sensoray.com/support/videoLan.htm | accessdate=2008-02-15]
* On Windows, Linux, and some other platforms, VLC provides a
NPAPIplugin, [ [http://www.videolan.org/doc/play-howto/en/ch04.html#id293992 Chapter 4. Advanced use of VLC ] ] which lets people view some QuickTime and Windows Media files embedded in websites without using Microsoftor Apple Inc.products. It supports Firefox, Mozilla Application Suite, Safari and Opera as well. This plugin was initially used by Google Videoweb browser plugin, [ [http://code.google.com/patches.html Open Source Patches and Mirrored Packages - Google Code ] ] which currently uses Adobe Flash.
* Starting with version 0.8.2, VLC also provides an ActiveX plugin, which lets people view some
QuickTime(MOV) and Windows Mediafiles embedded in websites when using Internet Explorer.
Applications which use the VLC plugin
* VLC can handle incomplete files and can be used to preview files being downloaded. Several programs make use of this, including eMule and
* The free/open-source Miro also uses VLC code.
* The Songbird media browser joins code from VLC and
* And a few others... [ [http://wiki.videolan.org/We_Use_VideoLAN VideoLAN Wiki: We use VideoLAN] ]
VLC can read several formats, depending on the
operating systemVLC is running on. [cite web | url=http://www.videolan.org/vlc/features.html | title=VLC features list | work=VideoLAN Project | accessdate=2007-02-24 ] ; Input : UDP/RTP unicastor multicast, HTTP, FTP, MMS, RTSP, DVDs, VCD, SVCD, CD Audio, DVB (only on Linux and on Windows in development versions), Video acquisition (via V4l and DirectShow), RSS/Atom Feeds, and from files stored on your computer.; Container formats: 3GP,To use AMR as audio codec, VLC and FFmpeg need to be compiled with AMR support. This is because the AMR license is not compatible with the VLC license.] ASF, AVI, FLV, MKV, Musical Instrument Digital Interface(.mid/.midi), [This featue needs sound fonts and might not work on every OS] , QuickTime, MP4, Ogg, OGM, WAV, MPEG-2(ES, PS, TS, PVA, MP3), AIFF, Raw audio, Raw DV, MXF, VOB.; : Cinepak, DV, H.263, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, HuffYUV, Indeo3, [Indeo 4 and 5 codecs are not supported] MJPEG, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4 Part 2, Sorenson (thus enabling direct playback of the modified Sorenson H.263encoded videos downloaded from YouTube), Theora, VC-1, This is from the 0.8.6 version.] VP5, VP6, WMV.; Subtitles: DVD, SVCD, DVB, OGM, SubStation Alpha, SubRip, Advanced SubStation Alpha, MPEG-4 Timed Text, Text file, Vobsub, MPL2,This is present in 0.9.0 and newer version.] Teletext.; Audio formats: AAC, AC3, ALAC, AMR, DTS, DV Audio, XM, FLAC, MACE, MP3, PLS (file format), QDM2/QDMC, RealAudio, [ Real Audio playback is provided through the FFmpeg library which only supports the Cook (RealAudio G2 / RealAudio 8) decoder at the moment.] Speex, Screamtracker 3/S3M, TTA, Vorbis, WavPack, [Currently only supported when encapsulated in the Matroska container format, and includes no multichannel support.] WMA.
Output formats for streaming/encoding
VLC can transcode into several formats depending on the operating system.; Container formats: ASF, AVI, FLV, Fraps, MP4, Ogg, Wav, MPEG-2 (ES, PS, TS, PVA, MP3), MPJPEG, FLAC, MOV; Video formats: H.263, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, MJPEG, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4 Part 2, VP5, VP6, Theora, DV; Audio formats: AAC, AC3, DV Audio, FLAC, MP3, [You need to compile VLC with mp3lame support] Speex, Vorbis; Streaming protocols: UDP, HTTP, RTP, RTSP, MMS, File
As of 0.9.2, VLC is unable to play files using the following formats:
* RealMedia Variable Bitrate (.rmvb)
* IVR (Internet Video Recording, which is made by
However, you can use Real Player a Dynamic-link library file from Real Player to make VLC play those videos.
List of media players
Comparison of media players
* List of multimedia (audio/video) codecs
* [http://www.videolan.org/vlc/ Official Website]
* [irc://irc.freenode.net/videolan IRC channel]
* [http://translate.sourceforge.net/wiki/decathlon/vlc Localising VLC]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
VLC media player — Снимок экрана: VLC media player Тип Проигрыватель мультимедиа Разработчик … Википедия
VLC Media Player — Снимок экрана: VLC media player Тип Проигрыватель мультимедиа Разработчик … Википедия
Vlc media player — Снимок экрана: VLC media player Тип Проигрыватель мультимедиа Разработчик … Википедия
VLC media player — VLC media player … Wikipédia en Français
VLC media player — VLC 0.9.8a unter … Deutsch Wikipedia
VLC Media Player — VLC media player … Wikipédia en Français
Vlc media player — VLC media player … Wikipédia en Français
VLC Media Player — VLC 0.9.8a unter Fedora 10 KDE 4.2.1 mit Film Big … Deutsch Wikipedia
Vlc media player — VLC 0.9.8a unter Fedora 10 KDE 4.2.1 mit Film Big … Deutsch Wikipedia
VLC media player — Captura de VLC media player 1.0.6 en Ubuntu reproduciendo Sintel … Wikipedia Español