Application lifecycle management


Application lifecycle management

Application lifecycle management (ALM) regards the process of delivering software as a continuously repeating cycle of inter-related steps: definition, design, development, testing, deployment and management. Each of these steps needs to be carefully monitored and controlled.

Benefits

Proponents of application lifecycle management claim that it
* Increases productivity, as the team shares best practices for development and deployment, and developers need focus only on current business requirements
* Improves quality, so the final application meets the needs and expectations of users
* Breaks boundaries through collaboration and smooth information flow
* Accelerates development through simplified integration
* Cuts maintenance time by synchronizing application and design
* Maximizes investments in skills, processes, and technologies
* Increases flexibility by reducing the time it takes to build and adapt applications that support new business initiatives

Principles

The principles of application lifecycle management (ALM) are integral to mature development disciplines. Experienced development organizations employ these principles to ensure quality in the products they develop.

Application lifecycle management involves a variety of typical software project phases:
* Project management
* Project tracking
* Requirements planning
* Design and development
* Quality Assurance
* Release management

History, proponents and precursors

As application development has evolved over time, more and more tools have been introduced. Initially, software development was supported with individual point tools, and then simple suites of tools emerged with loose integrations. Now we have modern comprehensive lifecycle tools that are fully integrated and provide capabilities for most of the roles in ALM. The most recent innovation is the discussion around ALM 2.0 which describes a vision for the application development infrastructure needed to meet the needs of the most modern development communities. [The Changing Face of Application Lifecycle Management by Carey Schwaber, Forrester Research, Inc. August 2006. [http://www.forrester.com/Research/Document/Excerpt/0,7211,37653,00.html] ]

As the complexity and sophistication of the software development task has grown it has been matched by increasing numbers of tools. The initial set of tools started with version control tools at the heart of the lifecycle and have grown out from there. Though there is no industry definition of what constitutes and what does not constitute an ALM tool, and the list gets longer every day, the generally accepted list includes:

* Requirements visualization
* Requirements management
* Feature management
* Modeling
* Design
* Project Management
* Change management
* Configuration Management
* Build management
* Testing
* Release Management
* Deployment
* Issue management
* Monitoring and reporting
* Workflow

The Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is evolving; tool vendors are increasingly integrating their products to deliver suites. IDEs are giving way to tools that reach outside of pure coding and into the architectural, deployment, and management phases of an application’s lifecycle: Application Lifecycle Management. The hallmark of these suites is a common user interface, meta model, and process engine that also enable ALM team members to communicate using standards-based architectures and technologies such as Unified Modeling Language (UML).

ALM Tools

References

ee also

* Application Lifecycle Framework
* Systems Development Life Cycle
* Business Technology Optimization
* TechExcel Inc.
* OSGi
* MKS Inc.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Application Lifecycle Management — Application Management (häufig auch Application Lifecycle Management) ist eine Kombination aus Betreiberdienstleistungen für Applikationen und der Betreuung von Anwendungssystemen über deren gesamten Lebenszyklus. Im Zuge dieser Betreuung findet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Visual Studio Application Lifecycle Management — is a collection of integrated software development tools developed by Microsoft. These tools include IDEs, source control, work items, collaboration, metrics, and reporting tools. Contents 1 Platform 2 Visual Studio 2010 Rebranding 3 See also …   Wikipedia

  • Application Lifecycle Framework — Infobox Software name = Eclipse Application Lifecycle Framework caption = developer = Eclipse Foundation Under incubation operating system = Cross platform genre = Application Lifecycle Management license = Eclipse Public License website =… …   Wikipedia

  • Lifecycle management — *Product lifecycle management *Information Lifecycle Management *Plant lifecycle management *Application Lifecycle Management *Virtual Machine lifecycle management *Software Lifecycle Management …   Wikipedia

  • Application Lifecycle Framework — Das Application Lifecycle Framework (ALF) war ein Eclipse Projekt zur Entwicklung eines offenen Application Lifecycle Management. Das Projekt wurde im Jahr 2008 mangels Interesse eingestellt.[1] Einzelnachweise ↑ Eclipse kills open source SOA… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Product Lifecycle Management — Übersicht PLM Product Lifecycle Management bzw. Produktlebenszyklusmanagement (PLM) bezeichnet ein strategisches Konzept zum Management eines Produktes über seinen gesamten Lebenszyklus. Dieses Konzept umfasst sowohl unterstützende IT Systeme als …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Product lifecycle management — (PLM) is the process of managing the entire lifecycle of a product from its conception, through design and manufacture, to service and disposal. [cite web title = About PLM publisher = CIMdata url = http://www.cimdata.com/PLM/aboutPLM.html ] PLM… …   Wikipedia

  • Information Lifecycle Management — NOTOC Information Lifecycle Management refers to a wide ranging set of strategies for administering storage systems on computing devices. Specifically, four categories of storage strategies may be considered under the auspices of ILM.PolicyILM… …   Wikipedia

  • Product-Lifecycle-Management — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Übersicht PLM Product Lifecycle Management ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Virtual Machine lifecycle management — is the class of management that looks at the lifecycle of a virtual machine from the viewpoint of the application vs one focused on roles within an organization. A number of major software vendors, including Microsoft and Novell, have begun to… …   Wikipedia