Hindustan ( _hi. हिन्दुस्तान ["Hindustān"] , _ur. ہندوستان ["Hindustān"] , IPA| [ɦɪn̪d̪ʊst̪aːn] ) is one of the popular
names of India. Though the meaning of Hindustan has evolved over the years, today it refers primarily to India. [ [http://www.usindh.edu.pk/shaikh_ayaz_conf_07/sindh.html Sindh: An Introduction] ]
Hindustan is derived from the Persian word "Hindu", which is itself is derived from
Sindhu, Sanskritfor the Indus River[ [http://www.geocities.com/lamberdar/hindu_hinduism.html Significance of Hindu and Hindu dharma (Hinduism)] Sindhu is a river in Sanskrit, in Persian it becomes Hindu. ] Harvnb|Lipner|1998|pp=7–8] . This together with a popular suffix "-stān", which is also derived from Persian("stan"), meaning "land" [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/notesandqueries/query/0,5753,-21211,00.html Guardian Unlimited: What does -istan" mean as in Pakistan, Uzbekistan or Afghanistan?] ] [ [http://www.lankalibrary.com/books/sanskritic.htm Sri Lanka: Sanskritic loans in modern Sinhala] ] gave birth to the word 'Hindustan', which was rendered as "Hindusthan" . Literally, the word means "land of the Hindus".
Uses of the word, 'Hindustan'
The term Hindustan retains its importance as it gives culture identity to India and the
Indian Subcontinentethos, amidst the varied culture of India; along with another word that evolved from it - the adjective, " Hindustani", used to define the people of Hindustan, their language, Hindustani language, and also their music, Hindustani classical music.
In the "Baarhaspatyua Samhita" it says:
:Himalyam Samarabhya:Yavadindusarovaram:Tam Deonirmitam Desham:Hindusthanam Prachakshate
Meaning : "The country which starts from Himalayas and the borders of which reach till the Indian Ocean (Indu Sarovaram), has been created by Gods and its name is Hindustan." [ [http://www.vhp-america.org/dynamic_includes/ebooks/0503hv-1_final.pdf VHP-America.org] .
The adjective "Hindustani" is a term applied to the syncretic
Hinduculture of South Asia. "Hindustani" is sometimes also used as an ethnic term applied to South Asia. ("e.g.", A West Indian man with roots in South Asia might describe his ethnicity by saying he is "Hindustani". For example, Hindoestanen, a Dutch word used to describe people of South Asianorigin, in Netherlandsand Suriname.
Throughout history, Hindustan was often used to represent the people of
Indiaor the Indian Subcontinent. cite web
title = Hindustan
url = http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040520/Hindustan
accessdate = 2007-05-02
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
date= 2007] .
Further, it may relate to various aspects belonging to three geographical areas, namely the modern 'Republic of India'. Historically, the '
Indian subcontinent' during the medieval times. Or, a region in northern India, east and south of Yamunariver, between the Vindhyamountains and the Himalayas, where Hindi/ Urdu/ Hindustani languageis spoken.
* "A Sketch of the History of Hindustan from the First Muslim Conquest to the Fall of the Mughol Empire" by H. G. Keene [ [http://www.jstor.org/pss/546854 Hindustan] The English Historical Review, Vol. 2, No. 5 (Jan., 1887), pp. 180-181. ]
* "STORY OF INDIA THROUGH THE AGES; An Entertaining History of Hindustan, to the Suppression of the Mutiny", by Flora Annie Steel, 1909 E.P. Dutton and Co., New York [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D00E5D91439E733A25753C2A9649C946897D6CF Flora Annie Steel] Book Review,
February 20, 1909, New York Times.] .
* "The History of Hindustan: Post Classical and Modern", Ed. B.S. Danniya and Alexander Dow. 2003, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 8120819934. [. [http://www.amazon.co.uk/History-Hindustan-Post-Classical-Modern/dp/8120819934 History of Hindustan] (First published: 1770-1772). Dow had succeeded his father as the private secretary of
Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.] .
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Look at other dictionaries:
Hindustan — (persisch, Land der Hindus; Hindi: हिन्दुस्तान, Hindustān ,Urdu: ہندوستان, Hindostān) bezeichnet: Die heutige Republik Indien Ein mittelalterliches Reich im Norden des heutigen Indiens, zumeist ist das Mogulreich gemeint Eine Region im Norden… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hindustan — n. northern region of India where Hinduism predominates. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Hindustan — Hindustan, meaning “Land of the Hindus,” derives from the word “Hindu,” which is the Persian form of “Sindhu,” the Indus River. Hindustan is considered one of the earliest historical names for the nation of Bharat or India . Although… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Hindustan — Hȉndustān m DEFINICIJA geogr. gusto naseljena nizina u S dijelu Indije ETIMOLOGIJA perz. Hindustān: područje Indijaca … Hrvatski jezični portal
Hindustan — (Hindostan, persisch, d.i. Land der Hindus), heißt bei den Schriftstellern der muhammedanischen Völker (zunächst der Perser) 1) die ganze vorderindische Halbinsel im Allgemeinen, dann 2) insbesondere der nördliche Theil von Vorderindien od. das… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Hindustan — Hindustan, s. Hindostan … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Hindustan — (Hindostan), pers. Bezeichnung für das Land der Hindu, d.h. im engern Sinne das Indus und Gangesgebiet, im weitern Sinne ganz Indien … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Hindustan — → Indostán … Diccionario panhispánico de dudas
Hindustan — 1610s, from Persian, lit. country of the Hindus; see HINDU (Cf. Hindu) + STAN (Cf. stan) … Etymology dictionary
Hindustan — [hin΄do͞o stan′, hin΄doostän′] [see HINDUSTANI] 1. kingdom in N India in the 15th & 16th cent. 2. region in N India, between the Vindhya Mountains & the Himalayas, where Hindi is spoken 3. the entire Indian subcontinent 4. the republic of India … English World dictionary