Maria Angelina Doukaina Palaiologina


Maria Angelina Doukaina Palaiologina
Maria Angelina Ducena Palaeologina
Basilissa of Epirus
Thomas and Maria Paleologina
Reign 1385-1386
Predecessor Thomas II Preljubović
Successor Esau de' Buondelmonti
House House of Nemanjić
Father Simeon Uroš
Mother Thomais Orsini
Born 1350/51
Died December 28, 1394
Ioannina, Despotate of Epirus
Religion Eastern Orthodox Christian

Maria Angelina Doukaina Palaiologina (Greek: Μαρία Αγγελίνα Δούκαινα Παλαιολογίνα) (died December 28, 1394) was ruler of Epirus from 1385 to 1386. She took the title of Basilissa of Epirus or Empress/Queen of Epirus.

Maria was the daughter of Emperor Simeon Uroš Palaiologos and Thomais Orsini. Her maternal grandparents were John Orsini of Epirus and Anna Palaiologina Angelina. In 1360 or 1366, Maria married Thomas II Preljubović, who was appointed governor of Epirus in Ioannina by her father. Popular with her subjects, she was apparently mistreated by her husband and connived in his murder on December 23, 1384.

Family

The population of Ioannina acclaimed Maria as ruler. She used the title of basilissa, female form of basileus. She summoned her brother John Uroš Doukas Palaiologos (now monk under the name Joasaph) to advise her in the affairs of state. John Uroš suggested that Maria marry Esau de' Buondelmonti, one of the Latin noblemen captured by Thomas in 1379. There is an allegation, that Maria was already enamored of the captive before the murder of her husband, and that this affair had resulted in the assassination of Thomas.

Maria married Esau in February 1385, and survived for a further decade, dying on December 28, 1394. The Chronicle of Ioannina, so hostile towards Thomas, describes Maria in very flattering terms; the Byzantine historian Laonikos Chalkokondyles suggest that she was an unfaithful wife of questionable morality. Both accounts may be biased. Maria does not appear to have had surviving children from either marriage.

Ancestry

References

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Thomas II
Ruler of Epirus
1384–1385
Succeeded by
Esau

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