- Isle of Bute
Infobox Scottish island |
celtic name=Eilean Bhòid
meaning of name=Brythonic root "budh" meaning 'corn'
highest elevation= Windy Hill 278 m
Firth of Clyde
Argyll and Bute
references= [2001 UK Census per
List of islands of Scotland] [Haswell-Smith, Hamish. (2004) "The Scottish Islands". Edinburgh. Canongate.] [Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) "Orkneyinga Saga". Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9]
The Isle of Bute ("Eilean Bhòid" in Gaelic) is one of the
islands of the lower Firth of Clydein Scotland. Formerly part of the county of Buteshire, it now constitutes part of the council areaof Argyll and Bute. In the 2001 census (conducted in April 2001) it had a resident population of 7,228. However, many flats are in fact summer holiday homes, and in winter there are probably fewer than 5,000 people on the island.Fact|date=February 2007
Bute lies in the
Firth of Clyde. The only town on the island, Rothesay (gbmapping|NS087645) is linked by ferryto the mainland. Other villages on the island include:
Bute is divided in two by the
Highland Boundary Fault. North of the fault the island is hilly and largely uncultivated with extensive areas of forestry. To the south of the fault the terrain is smoother and highly cultivated although in the far south is to be found the island's most rugged terrain around Glen Callum. Loch Fadis Bute's largest body of freshwater and runs along the faultline.
The western side of Bute is known for its
beaches many of which enjoy fine views over the Sound of Butetowards Arran and Bute's smaller satellite island Inchmarnock. Straad is the only village on the west coast, around St. Ninian's Bay.
In the north, Bute is separated from the
Cowalpeninsula by the Kyles of Bute. The northern part of the island is sparsely populated, and the ferry terminal at Rhubodachconnects the island to the mainland at Colintraiveby the smaller of the island's two ferries. The crossing is one of the shortest, less than 300m, and takes only a few minutes but is busy because many tourists prefer the scenic route to the island
It is likely that before the Gaels arrived and absorbed Bute into the Cenél Comgall of
Dál Riatathat the island was home to a people who spoke a Brythonic language(akin to modern day Welsh). Later during the Vikingperiod the island was known as Rothesay and the main town on the island was Bute. Widespread and long term mis-use of the titles was eventually officially recognised and the names were swapped to reflect popular usage.
After the Viking period the island was not granted to the
Lord of the Islesas were most of the islands off Scotland's west coast. Instead Bute became the personal property of the Scottish monarchy.
In the 1940s and 1950s Bute served as a large naval headquarters.
Bute is connected with the Scottish mainland by two
In summer the
paddle steamer"Waverley" stops at Rothesay on regular cruises.
There is a regular bus service along the eastern coast road, and a daily serviceconnecting the island into Argyll and the western highlands and islands. Many independentholiday-makers use the island as a stepping stone from Glasgow and Ayrshire intowestern Scotland using this route. In summer an open top bus tours the island leaving from GuildfordSquare by the ferry at 1100 and 1300.
The main ferry to the island leaves from Wemyss Bay, a village on the A78, the coast roadbetween Glasgow and Ayr. Wemyss Bay is connected by rail to
Paisley(for Glasgow InternationalAirport) and Glasgow Central station. Prestwick Airport(home of RyanAir) is connecteddirectly to Wemyss Bay by FASTBUS 585, which runs twice an hour.
The island has one secondary school, Rothesay Academy, which moved to a new
joint campuswith Rothesay Primary in 2007. [cite news| url=http://www.buteman.co.uk/news/End-of-an-era-at.2989922.jp| title=End of an era at Rothesay Academy| date=28 June 2007| author=Craig Borland| work=Buteman| accessdate=2007-11-11] The largest of the island's three primary schools is Rothesay Primary, the smallest school (comprising roughly 50 pupils) is North Bute Primary in Port Bannatyne. The third primary school, St Andrews Primary is a Catholic Schoolaligned with St Andrews Church, the only CatholicChurch on the predominantly Protestantisland.
Bute has many sports clubs and activities available. There are 3 golf courses:
Rothesay Golf Club, Kingarth Golf Cluband Port Bannatyne Golf Club. The local amateur football team are known as the Brandanes, and the junior team are the Brandane Rovers. Bute also has facilities for fishing, rugby, tennis, bowls, shintyand cricket.
The most successful sporting club on the island is Bute Shinty Club who play at the highest level of the sport (the Marine Harvest Premier League). In 2006 Bute won promotion to the Premier League by winning the South Division One. Bute also won The Ballimore Cup and were runners up in the Glasgow Celtic Society Cup in 2006.
Farmingand Tourismare the main industries on the island, along with Fishingand Forestry. Privately owned businesses include;
* Telecom Service Centres (TSC)
Port Bannatyne Marinaand Boat Yard
Ardmaleish Boatbuilding Company
Bute Fabrics, a textiles company supported by Mount Stuart House
Scottish Mead Company
Architectural attractions on the island include the ruined
twelfth century St Blane's Chapelon a site associated with Saint Catanand Saint Blane, who was born on Bute. Another ruined chapel, dating from the sixth century, lies at St Ninian's Point.
Mount Stuart Houseis often cited as one the world's most impressive neo-Gothic mansions, bringing many architectural students from Glasgow on day-trips. The 3rd Marquis had a passion for art, astrology, mysticism and religion and the house reflects this in the architecture, furnishings and art collection. There is a marble chapel, much stained glass and walls of Old Masters, many depicting members of The Royal Family and of the Stuart family. The house is open at Easter and from May to October. There are gardens with plants imported from many parts of the world, and a Visitor Centre. The gardens host a number of events throughout the year starting with an Easter Parade. In 2003 the fashion designer Stella McCartneymarried in the chapel, generating intense media interest.
The Pavilion is a 1930s edifice housing a concert hall, workshops and cafe, and noted for its architecture. The Pavilion is little changed from when it was built.
Rothesay Castlewas built 800 years ago by the hereditary High Steward of Scotland. Ascog Hall Fernery and Gardensare a renovated Victorian residence and glass-house containing shrubs and plants from all over the Empire, including a fernbelieved to be over 1,000 years old. Loch Fadis a deep freshwater lochstocked with pike and brown trout available to visiting tourist fishermen. Boats are available to hire.
The Old Post Office now used only for sorting mail, is an historic working
post office(open mornings only) which houses artifacts of the early post, some from before the advent of the postage stamp. Scalpsie Bayhas a colony of over 200 seals on its beach, which must be reached by foot across the fields. The island also has many herds of deer, rich bird-life and some large hares. Wild goat with large curled horns may be seen in the north of the island. Port Bannatyne, a village towards the north of the island, is the centre for sailingand sea-fishing on the island. It has two boat yards and a marina for 200 vessels under construction. Langoustines are fished by creels anchored in the bay. X-Class midget submarines were stationed in Kames Bayduring World War IIand there is a memorial to WWII dead. Port Bannatyne also boasts the CAMRAScottish Pub of the Year 2005. Port Bannatyne Golf Clubis known for scenic views from the course.
The road from
Port Bannatynegoes seven miles along the waters-edge of the Kyles of Buteuntil it reaches the minor ferry over to Colintraiveon the Argyllmainland.
The 1920s Winter-Gardens (Now the "Discovery Center") close to the Rothesay Pier houses a small cinema and tourist information office. Nearby are the
There are a variety of music, folk and poetry festivals, and walking trails and new cycling routes. There are a variety of remote
Bronze Agestone circles, an iron-age fortified village, and early Christianremains (including St. Blane's Chapel). The Bute Museumof the island's history is situated behind Rothesay Castle.
Famous Bute people include
Lord Attenborough, film director has made a home on the island;
Andrew Bannatyne (1798 - 1871), politician, lawyer and businessman; [cite web| url=http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/scotgaz/people/famousfirst1650.html| title=Andrew Bannatyne| author=Gazetteer for Scotland| accessdate=2007-04-07] [cite web| url=http://gdl.cdlr.strath.ac.uk/mlemen/mlemen008.htm| title=Andrew Bannatyne| author=Glasgow Digital Archive| accessdate=2007-04-07]
Adam Crozier, chief executive of the Royal Mail
*George Leslie Hunter, colourist painter;
Edmund Kean, Shakespearen actor; [cite web| url=http://www.answers.com/topic/edmund-kean| title=Edmund Kean| author=Answers.com| accessdate=2007-04-07]
William MacEwenFRS 1848 - 1924, surgeon;
John William Mackail, writer and scholar;
*John Sterling, critic, journalist and poet;
*Major-General John Barton Sterling, John Sterling's son;
Lena Zavaroni, singer was born and grew up in Rothesay;
Marquis of Buteis former Formula 1racing driver Johnny Dumfries.
*Lieutenant Henry Robertson (Birdie) Bowers (1883-1912) Polar Explorer
*Leane "Tinky", One true legend of Bute.Fact|date=November 2007
Ashley Lilleyactress from Rothesay, played the role of Ali in the 2008 film adaptation of "Mama Mia":
The Isle of Bute is known in entomological circles as the "island of fleas" due to fifteen species having been identified on Bute and reported to the Royal Entomological Society.Fact|date=September 2007
* [http://www.s1bute.com/ Isle of Bute community site]
* [http://www.mountstuart.com Mount Stuart House]
* [http://www.russiantavern.co.uk CAMRA Scottish Pub of the Year]
* [http://www.butesonsanddaughters.co.uk/ Bute Sons & Daughters project]
* [http://www.bute-gateway.org Bute Gateway (local facilities)]
* [http://www.travelscotland.co.uk/guide/Essential_Bute Tourist Information]
* [http://www.bute-gateway.org/vday/ Isle of Bute V-Day website (dedicated to the Island's WWII contribution)]
* [http://www.isle-of-bute.org/forum Local Information and Discussion Forum]
* [http://www.buteman.com/ The Buteman (local newspaper)]
* [http://www.butewiki.de-soft.co.uk/ ButeWiki]
* [http://www.clydesailing.co.uk Sailing reviews and news]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_pictures/4797455.stm Bute in Pictures, BBC News]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/islandblogging/argyllandclyde/bute.shtml Bute on BBC Island Blogging]
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