Angevin


Angevin

Angevin (IPAEng|ˈændʒəvɪn) (French, from Old French, from Medieval Latin Andegavinus, from Andegavia, Anjou, France) is the name applied to the residents of Anjou, a former province of the Kingdom of France, as well as to the residents of Angers.

It is also applied to three distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou, of which "angevin" is the adjectival form, but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Ireland, Hungary, Croatia, Poland, Naples and Sicily, Albania, and Jerusalem.

The First Angevin Dynasty (1128-1485), also called the House of Plantagenet, ruled England in some form or another from the reign of Henry II, beginning in 1154, until the House of Tudor came to power when Richard III fell at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. They also ruled Ireland and laid claim to Jerusalem.

The Second Angevin dynasty (1246-1435) or Senior or Elder House of Anjou was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, established by Charles, Count of Anjou, the youngest son of Louis VIII of France. In its time, the Capetian House of Anjou ruled Naples and Sicily, Hungary and Croatia, and Poland.

The Third Angevin Dynasty (1350-1480) or Junior or Younger House of Anjou ruled Naples.

Literature

* In Wolfram von Eschenbach's 13th century epic poem Parzival, King Arthur and his father Uther Pendragon appear as members of the junior branch of an imagined 5th century or 6th century House of Anjou.

Notes

ee also

* Angevin Empire
* House of Plantagenet or first Angevin dynasty
* Capetian House of Anjou or second Angevin dynasty
* Valois House of Anjou or third Angevin dynasty
* Armorial of Plantagenet
* List of counts and dukes of Anjou
* English claims to the French throne
* List of English monarchs
* List of Hungarian rulers
* List of Polish monarchs
* List of monarchs of Naples and Sicily
* List of monarchs of Jerusalem


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Angevin — Parlée en France Région Maine et Loire, Mayenne, Sarthe, partie orientale de la Loire Atlantique et plus généralement ancienne province d Anjou Typologie SVO Classification p …   Wikipédia en Français

  • angevin — angevin, ine [ ɑ̃ʒ(ə)vɛ̃, in ] adj. • 1080; bas lat. Andegavinus, de Andegavi « les Andégaves », peuple de la Gaule romaine ♦ D Angers, de l Anjou. « la douceur angevine » (du Bellay). N. Un Angevin, une Angevine. ● angevin, angevine adjectif et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Angevin — gehört zu den Langues d’oïl. Diese Sprachen gehören zu den galloromanischen Sprachen, einer Unterfamilie der romanischen Sprachen. Es wird hauptsächlich im Département Maine et Loire, im Raum Nantes und in der Bretagne gesprochen. In der Bretagne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Angevin — n. a resident of Anjou. Syn: Angevine [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Angevin — 1650s, pertaining to the French province of Anjou, from Fr. Angevin, from M.L. Andegavinus, from Andegavum Angers, city in France, capital of Anjou (L. Andegavia, from Andecavi, Roman name of the Gaulish people who lived here, of unknown origin) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Angevin — (franz., spr. angsch wäng), aus Angers, aus Anjou (s. d.); auf die Plantagenets bezüglich …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • angevin — ANGEVÍN, Ă, angevini, e, adj., s.m. şi f. Din provincia Anjou sau din oraşul Angers (Franţa). Trimis de schmidt, 23.10.2004. Sursa: Neoficial …   Dicționar Român

  • angevin — Angevin, Andinus, Andegauus, Andegauensis …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Angevin — [an′jə vin΄] adj. [Fr] 1. of or from Anjou 2. of or belonging to the Plantagenet line of English kings (1154 1399) n. 1. a person born or living in Anjou 2. a person of the Plantagenet royal line: Also sp. Angevine …   English World dictionary

  • Angevin — adjective Etymology: French, from Old French, from Medieval Latin andegavinus, from Andegavia Anjou Date: 1769 of, relating to, or characteristic of Anjou or the Plantagenets • Angevin noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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