Kyzyl (Tuvan and _ru. Кызы́л) is a city, and is the capital of the Tuva Republic, Russia. The name of the city means "red" in Tuvan (as well as in many other Turkic languages). Population: 105,931 (2004 est.); 104,105 (2002 Census). Kyzyl is served by Kyzyl Airport.


Kyzyl claims to be located exactly in the geographical center of Asia (coordinates coord|51|43|11|N|94|26|18|E|display=inline,title). Whether these coordinates are in fact the center of Asia is disputed. However, there is a monument labelled "Centre of Asia" in English, Russian, and Tuvan which asserts this claim. Tos-Bulak is the area of open fields and mineral springs which lies immediately south of Kyzyl.

Kyzyl is located where the Yenisei River meets the Little Yenisey River to form the Upper Yenisey. [cite web
publisher=Encyclopedia Britannica
] Most development is south of the river and follow the curves of the river, with the highest development centered where the two headstreams of the Yenisei, the Bolshoi Yenisei and the Malyy Yenisei, meet. A monument was built in 1964 on the river bank to mark this.

Buildings of cultural and political importance in Kyzyl include the Tuvan Parliament building, the National Theater, and a Khoomei center (officially, the International Scientific Center "Khoomei") dedicated to studying and teaching khoomei, Tuvan throatsinging.


Kyzyl was founded in 1914 as Belotsarsk ( _ru. Белоца́рск). In 1918, the town was renamed Khem-Beldyr ( _ru. Хем-Белды́р), and in 1926—Kyzyl.

In the late 1980s, Kyzyl was visited by Ralph Leighton, who had made it a quest to reach Tuva with his friend, the Nobel prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman. Though Feynman died before they reached Tuva, the journey is chronicled in "Tuva or Bust"!.

The film "Genghis Blues" chronicles the pilgrimage of a blind blues performer, Paul Pena, who learned Tuvan throat singing by listening to his shortwave radio, to compete in the Tuvan throat singing competition.

In September 2004 Kyzyl celebrated its 90th anniversary as a city and the 60th anniversary of Tuva joining the Soviet Union.


The city primarily provides motor transport services. Manufacturing plants include brickyards, sawmills, furniture manufacturing, and food-processing plants. [cite web


External links

* [ Photo slideshow of Kyzyl]
* [ map]
* [ History of the Centre of Asia Marker]
* [ Weather]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kyzyl — Кызыл Coordonnées  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kyzyl — en (ruso: Кызыл), es una ciudad rusa cuyo nombre significa rojo en tuvan y en muchas otras lenguas turcas. Kyzyl esta localizada exactamente en el centro geográfico de Asia. Fue fundada en 1914 con el nombre de Belotsarsk (Белоцарск); en 1918 fue …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kyzyl — Кызыл Kyzyl Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kyzyl — Original name in latin Kyzyl Name in other language Belotsarsk, Bielorsarsk, Chi ch i erh, Chi ch’i erh, Gorad Kyzyl, K en mu pi ch i erh, KYZ, KYZYL, Kezelli, Khem Belder, Kizil, Kizil Khoto, Kizila, Kozol, Krasni, Krasnij, Krasny, Krasnyy,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kyzyl — Stadt Kysyl Кызыл Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kyzyl — /ki zil /, n. a city in and the capital of the Tuva Autonomous Republic, in the S Russian Federation in Asia. 71,000. Russian, Krasny. * * * ▪ Russia formerly (1914–18)  Belotsarsk , or (1918–26)  Khem Beldyr        city and capital of Tuva… …   Universalium

  • Kyzyl — /ki zil /, n. a city in and the capital of the Tuva Autonomous Republic, in the S Russian Federation in Asia. 71,000. Russian, Krasny. * * * Kyzyl var. Kizil a. and n …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kyzyl — geographical name town S Russia in Asia capital of Tuva Republic population 88,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kyzyl — noun The capital city of Tuva, Russia …   Wiktionary

  • Kyzyl — Ky•zyl [[t]kɪˈzɪl[/t]] n. geg the capital of the Tuva Autonomous Republic, in the S Russian Federation in Asia. 80,000 Russian, Krasny …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.