- Belfast City Cemetery
Belfast City Cemetery is a
cemeteryin Belfast, Northern Ireland. As with the adjacent Milltown Cemetery, it is located in the nationalist area of the Falls Road in the west of the city. It is maintained by Belfast City Council.
Following the Belfast Burial Ground Act (1866), the cemetery was opened on
August 1, 1869as a cross denominational burial ground for the people of Belfast, a fast growing Victorian city at the time. The land was purchased from Thomas Sinclair. The cemetery features cast iron fountains and separate Protestant and Catholic areas, divided by a sunken wall.
Many of Belfast's wealthiest families have plots in the cemetery, particularly those involved in the linen trade. Those buried in it include
John Hopkinson, Viscount Pirrie, Edward Harland and Daniel Joseph Jaffe, who built Belfast's first synagogue. Writer Robert Wilson Lyndis also buried in the cemetery.
There has been an area set aside for Belfast's Jewish residents since 1874. [ [http://www.historyfromheadstones.com/index.php?id=722 Irish Gravestone Inscriptions, Tracing your Irish Ancestors: Introduction ] ] In this area is a memorial to Daniel Joseph Jaffe. Daniel Jaffe was the father of
Otto Jaffe, a Jewish linen exporter and former Lord Mayor of Belfast.
In 1916 an area was dedicated to soldiers killed in
World War I. Many of the United States Armypersonnel killed in the sinking of HMS Otrantoin 1918 were buried in the graveyard. After the war their bodies were exhumed and repatriated to the United States.
Since its opening in 1869 around 250,000 people have been buried in the cemetery. In the past it was the frequent target of vandalism, many of the
British Armysoldiers' headstones were moved to Sir Thomas and Lady Dixon Park. Due to its historical importance, the cemetery is a popular tourist attraction in Belfast, with guided tours available.
April 8, 2006 Denis Donaldsonwas buried in the cemetery. Donaldson was a former IRA member and Sinn Féinpolitician. He was killed shortly after being named as a British spy. His burial in the City Cemetery rather than in the republican plot of Milltown Cemetery was significant, as it was seen as a final snub by the republican movement.
* [http://www.belfastcity.gov.uk/citycemetery/index.asp Belfast City Cemetery]
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