- Whaling in Australia
Whalingin Australiatook place from colonisation in 1788. In 1979 Australia terminated whaling and committed to whale protection. The main varieties hunted were Humpback, Blue, Right and Sperm Whales.cite journal | last = Suter | first = Keith D. | year = 1982 | month = October | title = Australia's new whaling policy : Formulation and implementation | journal = Marine Policy | volume = 6 | issue = 4 | pages = 287–302 | doi = 10.1016/0308-597X(82)90004-5]
Whaling was introduced by European colonisation after 1788. There is no record of Australian Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander people hunting whales cite web | url = http://www.aad.gov.au/MediaLibrary/asset/MediaItems/ml_380766866898148_25years.pdf | title = From Whaling to Sanctuary | format = pdf | publisher = Australian Government - Department of the Environment and Heritage | accessdate = 2006-06-06] , although it is said that aboriginal people did hunt "with" killer whales, in stories recounted at the
Eden Killer Whale Museum. Whale oiland baleen(whalebone) were profitable commodities and whaling was one Australia's first major export industries with coastal whaling stations helping build Australia. Sealing and whaling contributed more to the colonial economy than land produce until the 1830s.cite book | last = Macintyre | first = Stuart | title = A Concise History of Australia | pages = p. 36 | id = ISBN 0-521-60101-0]
From colonisation the whaling industry enjoyed 70 years of commercial success, until
petroleumsuperseded whale oil. Also, the 1850s gold rush saw workers abandon whaling for the gold fields.
In the early twentieth century agriculture and mining suppressed a return to whaling. However, Norwegian whalers took an interest in the Australian waters and the
Western Australian government encouraged whaling to develop new locations along its coast.
In 1978 the Federal Government appointed Sir Sydney Frost, a former chief justice of
Papua New Guinea, to conduct an inquiry into whales and whaling. This followed a direct pro-whale action campaign in Albany and a national community campaign by groups including Project Jonah, Friends of the Earth and the Whale and Dolphin Coalition.
Greenpeace co-founder Canadian Bob Hunter came to Albany in August 1977 to take charge of a direct action campaign against the three whale chaser ships operating from Albany, Western Australia. Zodiacs were taken 30 miles out to sea to place people between harpoons and the whales. This was the first Greenpeace campaign in Australia. Key members of the Whale and Dolphin Coalition, including Jonny Lewis and Richard Jones, then formed Greenpeace Australia.
On July 31, 1978, the first day of the Frost inquiry public hearings, the Cheynes Beach Whaling Company announced its intention to close operations at the end of that whaling season. Cheynes Beach had operated from Frenchman Bay near Albany, Western Australia, since 1952. The Last Whale, a sperm whale, was harpooned on November 20, 1978.
Sir Sydney's report, "Whales and Whaling: Report of the Independent Inquiry", recommended banning whaling in Australia, and in April 1979 the Fraser government endorsed it. Australia is now a global anti-whaling advocate and has taken a strong stance against Japan's whaling program in the
Anecdotal evidence suggests that whale populations, especially humpbacks, have been steadily increasing since the end of whaling in Australian waters. The current state of the sperm whale population in the Southern Ocean off Western Australia is unknown.
Whale watchingis an increasingly popular activity.
Australian Whaling Vessels
Sydney Packet (1826-1837)Built in Sydney, Australia
Eden Killer Whale Museum
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Whaling in Western Australia — was one of the first viable industries established in the Swan River Colony following the arrival of British settlers in 1829. The industry had numerous ups and downs until the last whaling station closed in Albany in 1978.There are two main… … Wikipedia
Whaling in Japan — Japan has a long history of whaling. However, current whaling conducted by Japan is a source of political dispute between pro and anti whaling countries and organizations. HistoryThe oldest written mention of whaling in Japanese records is from… … Wikipedia
Australia–Japan relations — Australia Japan relations are generally warm, substantial and driven by mutual interests, and have expanded beyond strong economic and commercial links to other spheres, including culture, tourism, defence and scientific cooperation. There are… … Wikipedia
Whaling — Eighteenth century engraving showing Dutch whalers hunting bowhead whales in the Arctic … Wikipedia
Australia — /aw strayl yeuh/, n. 1. a continent SE of Asia, between the Indian and the Pacific oceans. 18,438,824; 2,948,366 sq. mi. (7,636,270 sq. km). 2. Commonwealth of, a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, consisting of the federated states and… … Universalium
Whaling in Iceland — Iceland has a long tradition of subsistence whaling; spear drift whaling was practised from the 12th century or earlier and continued in a relic form until the late 19th century. The early reliance on whales is reflected in the Icelandic language … Wikipedia
Australia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Australia <p></p> Background: <p></p> Prehistoric settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia at least 40,000 years before the first Europeans began… … The World Factbook
Environmental issues in Australia — As with other countries there are a number of environmental issues in Australia. IssuesKey conservation issues include the protection of Australian habitat from invasive species, soil salinity and the effects of mining and land clearing on the… … Wikipedia
History of whaling — The history of whaling is very extensive, stretching back for millennia. This article discusses the history of whaling up to the commencement of the International Whaling Commission (IWC) moratorium on commercial whaling in 1986. Prehistoric to… … Wikipedia
1978 in Australia — Infobox Australian year monarch = Elizabeth II governor general = Sir Zelman Cowen pm =Malcolm Fraser population = 14,192,234 australian = elections =NSW See also: 1977 in Australia, other events of 1978, 1979 in Australia and the Timeline of… … Wikipedia