- Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus
Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus (died 48 BC) was a politician of the late Roman Republic.
Bibulus was the son in law of Marcus Porcius Cato Uticencis. In 59 BC he was elected consul, supported by the optimates, conservative republicans in the Senate and opponents of Julius Caesar's triumvirate. In this, Caesar, also elected consul in 59 BC, had failed in securing the election to the consulship of his ally Lucius Lucceius. Nevertheless, with the combined strength of the triumvirate, Caesar was largely able to circumvent the authority of Bibulus and the optimates.
Bibulus' only major act as consul was to veto Caesar's bill giving land in Campania to Pompey's soldiers, and to then declare that the rest of the days on which the Centuriate Assembly could meet would be religious holidays. Caesar presented his bill at the Assembly anyway, and when Bibulus tried to intervene, the crowd broke his fasces and dumped feces on him. He retired from the Forum, leaving Caesar with complete control over the consulship, although he occasionally issued complaints against Caesar, which led to attacks on his house from Caesar's supporters, the populares. For the rest of the year, the populares joked that the two consuls were really "Julius and Caesar"; the "optimates" returned the joke by referring to the Bibulus' co-consul as the "Queen of Bithynia," an allusion to Caesar's alleged love affair with the king of Bithynia. Bibulus spent the remainder of his term sequestered in his house where he claimed he was watching for omens, an act that purported to technically invalidate all legislation passed that year.
As a senator, in 52 BC, he supported Pompey, who was by then a political enemy of Caesar. Bibulus and Cato Uticencis allowed Pompey to serve as sole consul in 52 BC after the murder of Publius Clodius. In 51 BC he became governor of Syria, but offended the army there by claiming a victory which had been won before he arrived.
In 48 BC he allied with Pompey against Caesar, commanding Pompey's navy in the Adriatic. He captured Caesar's fleet, leaving Caesar stranded in Epirus, although this was a small feat as Caesar went on to defeat Pompey at the Battle of Pharsalus. Bibulus died later in 48 BC.
Bibulus was married twice. From the first marriage he had three sons, including the later statesman Lucius Calpurnius Bibulus. His two eldest sons were killed in Egypt by some of the soldiery which Aulus Gabinius had left there after having restored Ptolemy Auletes to the throne. His second wife was Cato's daughter Porcia.
Lucius Afranius and Quintus Caecilius Metellus Celer
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Gaius Julius Caesar
Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus and Aulus Gabinius
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus — (? 48 av. J. C.) fut une personnalité politique de la Rome antique, du parti conservateur des optimates. Il épousa Porcia, fille de Caton, qui lui donna un fils. Il fut édile en 65 av. J. C., en même temps de Jules César, qui l éclipsa… … Wikipédia en Français
Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus — (* 103 v. Chr. oder früher; † 48 v. Chr.) war ein Politiker der späten römischen Republik. Er gehörte den Optimaten an. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Quellen und Literatur 2.1 Antike Quellen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bibulus, Marcus Calpurnius — ▪ Roman consul born 102 died 48 BC Roman politician who, as consul with Julius Caesar in 59 BC, worked with the senatorial conservatives against Caesar s agrarian legislation. He was married to Porcia, a daughter of Cato the Younger (Cato,… … Universalium
Lucius Calpurnius Bibulus — (died around 32) was a Roman statesman.Lucius Bibulus was the third son of Julius Caesar s implacable enemy Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus. His two older brothers were killed in Egypt by some of the soldiery which Aulus Gabinius had left there after… … Wikipedia
Bibulus — Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus (* 103 v. Chr. oder früher; † 48 v. Chr.) war ein Politiker der späten römischen Republik. Er gehörte den Optimaten an. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Quellen und Literatur 2.1 Antike Quellen 2.2 Sekundärliteratur … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bibulus — Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus (? 48 av. J. C.) fut une personnalité politique de la Rome antique, du parti conservateur des optimates. Il épousa Porcia, fille de Caton, qui lui donna un fils. Il fut édile en 65 av. J. C … Wikipédia en Français
Marcus Porcius Cato Uticensis — Marcus Porcius Cato Uticensis, genannt Cato der Jüngere (lateinisch Cato Minor), (* 95 v. Chr. in Rom; † 46 v. Chr. in Utica bei Karthago im heutigen Tunesien) war ein Senator und Feldherr am Ende der Republik. Er gehörte zu den prominentesten… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Calpurnius — war der Gentilname (nomen gentile) des römischen Geschlechts der Calpurnii (gens Calpurnia). Die plebejische Familie trat seit dem Ersten Punischen Krieg in Erscheinung; den ersten Konsul stellte sie im Jahr 180 v. Chr. Bedeutendster Zweig der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marcus Antonius — (eingedeutscht Mark Anton, kurz Antonius; * 14. Januar 82 v. Chr., 83 v. Chr. oder 86 v. Chr.; † 1. August 30 v. Chr.) war ein römischer Politiker und Feldherr. Er machte zunächst als Anhänger Gaius Iulius Caesars Karriere, wurde nach dessen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marcus Porcius Cato (son of Cato the Younger) — Marcus Porcius Cato (circa 73 42 BC), son of Cato the Younger by his first marriage to Atilia. Contents 1 Life 2 Family 2.1 Family Tree 3 Notes … Wikipedia