War and politics
January 20- In Westminster, the first elected English parliament( De Montfort's Parliament) conducts its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster, now also known as the Houses of Parliament.
May 28: Future King Edward I of Englandescapes the captivity of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.
August 4- The Battle of Eveshamof the Second Barons' Waris fought in Worcestershire, with the army of Edward defeating the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort and killing de Montfort and many of his allies. This is sometimes considered the death of chivalryin England.
Reconquista: King Alfonso X of Castilecaptures the city of Alicante, Spainfrom the Moors.
Isle of Mancomes under Scottish rule.
Mongolarmies, led by Nogai Khan, raid Thrace.
* In the first major battle in 5 years since the
Song DynastyChinese pushed the forces of Kublai Khanback across the Yangzi Riverafter Mongke Khan's failed invasion in 1259, Kublai Khan engages the Chinese in Sichuanprovince. Kublai gains a preliminary victory and war booty of 146 captured Song Dynasty naval ships.
* The "
Book of Aneirin", a Welsh manuscriptof poetry, is penned.
brewingof Budweiser Budvar beerbegins in Bohemia(now part of the Czech Republic); Budweiser Budvar has been produced continuously there to this day.
* Correspondence from
Pope Clement IVcontains the first known mention of the ring of the Fisherman, an item of papal regaliathen used to seal personal correspondence from the pope and later for papal bulls.
February 5- Pope Clement IVsucceeds Pope Urban IVas the 183rd pope.
Africa and Asia
Mamluk Bahri dynastyof Egyptcaptures several cities and towns from Crusader states in the Middle East, including the cities of Haifa, Arsuf, and Caesarea Maritima; these events eventually precipitate the Eighth Crusadein 1267.
Kublai Khansends a delegation to Japan, which loots islands along the way.
* Fire destroys parts of Old Cairo.
* India,Delhi:Ghiyas-Ud-Din-Balban comes to the throne and introduces Sijdah.
May 10- Emperor Fushimiof Japan(d. 1317)
June 1- Dante (d. 1321)
Alfonso III of Aragon
January 20- John Maunsell, Lord Chancellor of England
February 8- Hulagu Khanof the Mongol Empire (b. 1217)
April 25- Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English politician (b. 1195)
May 16- Saint Simon Stock, English saint (b. c. 1165)
August 4- Killed in the Battle Of Evesham:
Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer(b. 1223)
Henry de Montfort(b. 1238)
Peter de Montfort
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester(b. 1208)
December 3- Odofredus, Italian jurist
Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician (b. 1200)
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