Pax Europaea


Pax Europaea

Pax Europaea (English: "the European peace" – from the historic "Pax Romana"), is the period of relative peace experienced by Northern and Western Europe (including Greece and Turkey) in the period following World War II—often associated above all with the creation of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors. [cite book |last=Tsoukalis |first=Loukas |title= What Kind of Europe? |year= 2005|publisher= Oxford University Press |location= Oxford |isbn= 978-0199279487] After the Cold War this peace was extended to most of Central and Eastern Europe, with the major exception of the former Yugoslavia (1990s).

Transatlantic cooperation and European integration was designed to maintain the fragile peace that was created in Europe. With the continent consistently falling into war over the past centuries the creation of the European Communities in the 1950s set to integrate its members to such an extend that war between them would be impossible. These Communities, and other organisations including NATO expanded to cover most of Western Europe, Northern Europe and Southern Europe. Although Eastern Europe remained under Soviet influence, they too experienced little conflict, with the exception of internal repression, until the 1990s when a series of wars in Yugoslavia broke out as the country disintegrated. The European Union was criticised for its inability to control the conflict, though the zone is now within its sphere of enlargement.

The EU is now the principal power in Europe: it covers 27 countries and has most of Eastern Europe seeking membership (ten eastern European countries joined during the 2000s). Further, most countries in Western Europe which remain outside are tied to the EU by economic agreements and treaties such as the European Economic Area. Within the zone of integration, there has been no conflict since 1945, making it the longest period of peace on the western European mainland since Pax Romana.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pax Europaea — La Pax Europaea (en français : « Paix européenne » – sur le modèle de Pax Romana) a été une période de paix relative en Europe (Grèce et Turquie incluses) depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale – paix souvent associée à la création de l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pax Britannica — (latin pour « la paix britannique », sur le modèle de Pax Romana) a été une période de paix relative en Europe lorsque l Empire britannique contrôlait les routes maritimes et possédait la suprématie des mers. En général, on considère… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pax Americana — Die Pax Americana (lat. amerikanischer Friede) ist ein an überkommene historische Friedensordnungen angelehntes politisches Schlagwort, mit dem plakativ auf eine Weltanschauung und ein Konzept der weltpolitischen Dominanz in der heutigen Zeit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pax Americana — Articles sur l’expansionnisme des États Unis Impérialisme américain Conquête de l’Ouest Expansion outremer Plans …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pax Romana — La Paix romaine ou Pax Romana en latin, désigne la longue période de paix imposée par l Empire romain sur les régions contrôlées. L expression provient du fait que l administration et le système légal romain pacifiaient les régions qui avaient… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peace and Truce of God — The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Catholic Church that applied spiritual sanctions in order to limit the violence of private war in feudal society. The movement constituted the first organized attempt to control… …   Wikipedia

  • Trêve de Dieu — La Trêve de Dieu était une suspension de l activité guerrière durant certaines périodes de l année, organisée pendant le Moyen Âge en Europe par l Église catholique romaine (historiquement, elle a le plus longtemps pris la forme d une trêve du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Common Foreign and Security Policy — This article deals with the workings of European Union foreign policy. For the relations between the European Union and third countries, see Foreign relations of the European Union. European Union This a …   Wikipedia

  • Eurozone — (euro area)   Eurozone as of 2011 …   Wikipedia

  • Enlargement of the European Union — The territories of the member states of the European Union (European Communities pre 1993), animated in order of accession. Territories outside of the European neighbourhood not shown. The Enlargement of the European Union is the process of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.