- Trademark argument
The trademark argument is an a priori argument for the
existence of Goddeveloped by French philosopher and mathematician, René Descartes. The argument, though similar to the ontological argument, differs in some respects, since it seeks to prove the existence of God through the causal adequacy principle(CAP) as opposed to analysing the definition of the word God.
:cquote| [S] ince I am a thinking thing, and have in me an idea of God, whatever finally the cause may be to which my nature is attributed, it must necessarily be admitted that the cause must equally be a thinking thing, and possess within it the idea of all the perfections that I attribute to the divine nature.|15px|15px|René Descartes|
Meditations on First PhilosophyThe trademark argument can be analysed as composed of two parts as follows:
*P1. I have an idea of God.
*P2. All ideas are either innate, sensory, or artificial.
*P3. The idea of God is not sensory.
*P4. The idea of God is not artificial.
*C. The idea of God is innate.
*P1. I have an innate idea of God.
*P2. Whatever exists has an adequate cause.
*P3. The only possible cause for my idea of God is God.
*C. God exists.
Criticisms of the Trademark Argument
*The CAP compares the cause of ideas to the cause of objects, but, whereas objects often have straightforward causes, ideas do not.
* The CAP suggests a strong link between the cause of an object and its effect, but
**The ingredients of a strong bridge do not themselves contain strength.
**Sponge cake has many properties not present in the ingredients (e.g. sponginess)
David Hume– The idea of God could be arrived at by considering qualities within oneself (wisdom, strength, goodness..) and magnifying them.
*Knowledge of God is not innate – it is taught to us.
Descartesis wrong to compare it to knowledge of self. David Hume– All ideas come from impressions.
*If God is an
innate idea, it is not clear why not everyone has one.
Age of Enlightenment
Faith and rationality
* René Descartes - "Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings"
* Hamilton - "Understanding Philosophy"
* [http://www.school-portal.co.uk/GroupDownloadFile.asp?GroupId=9160&ResourceId=27354 school-portal.co.uk]
* [http://home.barton.ac.uk/curriculum/humanities/philosophy/as/unit3/Trademark%20Argument.doc Barton University]
* [http://www.faithnet.org.uk/Philosophy/Descartes/descartes_god.htm faithnet.org.uk]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
trademark argument — Term sometimes used for the argument found in Descartes, that our idea of perfection is related to its perfect origin (God), just as a stamp or trademark is left in an article of workmanship by its maker … Philosophy dictionary
Argument from nonbelief — Part of a series on Atheism … Wikipedia
Argument from morality — The argument from morality is one of many arguments for the existence of God. It comes in different forms, all aiming to support the claim that God exists with observations about morality. Its counterpoint is generally the Problem of evil.… … Wikipedia
trademark — 1. . The registering of a name or design to obtain legal protection over its exclusive use. See also *patent. 2. A characteristic or distinctive aspect of an individual, item, or activity. For example, He won the argument through his trademark… … Auditor's dictionary
Dream argument — Part of a series on … Wikipedia
Ontological argument — The ontological argument for the existence of God (or simply ontological argument) is an a priori proof for the existence of God. The ontological argument was first proposed by the eleventh century monk Anselm of Canterbury, who defined God as… … Wikipedia
Cosmological argument — The cosmological argument is an argument for the existence of a First Cause (or instead, an Uncaused cause) to the universe, and by extension is often used as an argument for the existence of an unconditioned or supreme being, usually then… … Wikipedia
Teleological argument — A teleological or design argument is an argument for the existence of God. The argument is based on an interpretation of teleology wherein purpose and intelligent design appear to exist in Nature beyond the scope of any such human… … Wikipedia
Christological argument — The Christological argument for the existence of God is based on certain claims about Jesus. The argument, which exists in several forms, holds that if these claims are valid, one should accept God exists. There are three main threads: Argument… … Wikipedia
René Descartes — Descartes redirects here. For other uses, see Descartes (disambiguation). René Descartes Portrait after Frans Ha … Wikipedia