- 1600s in Canada
16th century in Canada,
other events of the 1600s,
1610s in Canadaand the Timeline of Canadian history.
1600: By now, perhaps 250,000 Indians and Inuit(Eskimo) inhabit what is now Canada.
1602: Francoise Marie Jacqueline de la Tour is the first European woman to make a home in Acadia.
1603-15 - Samuel de Champlain's (c.1567-1635) voyages in the Northeast lead to contacts with many Algonquianand Iroquoiantribes. He explores the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the St. Lawrence Riverfor France.
1603: A fur trade monopoly charter is granted by France to the sieur de Monts to all the land lying between 40th-46th degrees north latitude. He establishes trade settlements in Acadia(later Nova Scotia) and at Quebec Cityon the St. Lawrence.
1604-06: Mattieu da Costa travels with the Champlain expedition to Port Royal. He serves as an interpreter between the French and the MicmacIndians of the area.
1605: Samuel de Champlain and the sieur de Poutrincourt found Port Royalon the Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia(later to be named Annapolis Royal by the British), the first permanent French settlement in North America.
1607: English colonists found Jamestown, Virginiaunder John Smith, leading to extensive contact with the tribes of the Powhatan Confederacy.
1608: Champlain allies himself with the Algonquians and with the Hurons, who are amenable to missionaryactivities and acts as the principal suppliers of furs. This alliance, however, antagonizes the Iroquoian Confederacy, traditional rivals of the Huron and suppliers of furs to the Dutch in New Amsterdam.
July 3, 1608: Quebec Cityis established as a fur post by Champlain and French colonists, creating in effect the first permanent European settlement.
1609: The settlement of Quebec owes much to Samuel de Champlain, an explorer hired by the sieur de Monts, who became the foremost champion of French colonization.
1609: Champlain supports the Algonquinsagainst the Iroquoisat Lake Champlain. He fires on the Iroquois, setting a pattern of Indian relationships.
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