Simeon Uroš

Simeon Uroš

Simeon Uroš or Siniša Uroš, also Symeon Ouresis Palaiologos (Serbian Cyrillic: Симеон Урош; Greek: Συμεών Ούρεσης Παλαιολόγος, "Symeōn Ouresēs Palaiologos"), was the ruler of Epirus from 1359 to 1366 and of Thessaly from 1359 until his death in c. 1370.


Simeon Uroš, nicknamed Siniša, was the son of King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia by his second wife, Maria Palaiologina, the daughter of the despotes John Palaiologos, a grandson of Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos.

When his half-brother Emperor Stefan Uroš IV Dušan conquered Epirus and Acarnania in 1348, he appointed as governor of these regions Simeon Uroš, whom he had granted the title of despotes traditionally reserved for emperors' brothers and younger sons. Simeon Uroš consolidated his position in relation to the local aristocracy by marrying Thomais, the daughter of the former ruler of Epirus, John Orsini.

Simeon Uroš's relatively uneventful governorship was interrupted when, shortly after Dušan's death in 1355, his brother-in-law Nikephoros II Orsini, the deposed ruler of Epirus, reappeared in Greece and gained the support of the nobility in Thessaly and Epirus. In 1356 Nikephoros entered Epirus and forced Simeon Uroš to flee to Kastoria, where he attempted to proclaim himself emperor of Serbs and Greeks in the place of his nephew Stefan Uroš V. Although he gained the support of some important magnates like John Komnenos Asen (the brother of Dušan's widow), Simeon Uroš was unable to assert himself against the wishes of the nobility of Serbia proper and Macedonia.

After he was forced to retreat from his attempt to invade Zeta (Montenegro) in 1358, Simeon Uroš gave up hope of asserting himself in Serbia. The next year, however, Nikephoros II Orsini was killed in a skirmish against the Albanians, and opened up a welcome opportunity for Simeon Uroš. Consequently, he rapidly swept into Thessaly and was acknowledged as its ruler in 1359. He then invaded Epirus, where the towns, harried by the Albanian clansmen who had taken over the countryside, also recognized his authority.

While Simeon Uroš was in Epirus, Radoslav Hlapen of Vodena attempted to seize Thessaly on behalf of his stepson Thomas Preljubović. Simeon Uroš was forced to cut his losses by recognizing Radoslav Hlapen's conquests, turning over Kastoria to him, and marrying his daughter Maria to Thomas. Hlapen recognized Simeon Uroš's suzerainty in at least some of these lands and provided a buffer between him and the Serbian nobles to the north. Simeon Uroš established himself in Trikkala in Thessaly, and spent the remaining decade of his reign in relative peace. The effectiveness of his rule over Epirus was curtailed, however, by the Albanian clans, and he was forced to recognize two of their leaders, John Bova Spata and Peter Liosha, as his vassals in Arta and Angelokastron. In 1366 he turned over Ioannina, his last major possession in Epirus, to his son-in-law Thomas, who reigned there as vassal despotes.

In Trikala Simeon Uroš presided over a court including Byzantine, Serbian, and Albanian nobles, but he showed preference for the Byzantine relatives of his wife. He also founded and generously endowed the monasteries of Meteora. He died sometime between 1369 and 1371.


By his marriage to Thomais Orsini, Simeon Uroš had three children:
* John Uroš, who succeeded as ruler of Thessaly.
* Stephen Uroš, governor of Pharsalos.
* Maria, who married Thomas II Preljubović, who succeeded as ruler of Epirus.


*"The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium", Oxford University Press, 1991.
*John V.A. Fine Jr., "The Late Medieval Balkans", Ann Arbor, 1987.
*George C. Soulis, "The Serbs and Byzantium", Athens, 1995.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Simeon Uroš Palaiologos — oder Simeon Siniša (gr. Συμεών Ούρεσης Παλαιολόγος) († 1370 oder 1371) war ein Halbbruder des serbischen Kaisers Stefan Dušan und von 1356 1371 Herrscher von Thessalien und von 1359 bis 1366 Herrscher von Epirus. Er war der Sohn von Stefan Uroš… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Simeon Nemanjić — Simeon ou Siniša Uroš Nemanjić, empereur des « Roméens et des Serbes » de 1359 à 1371. Origine Siméon Uroš est le fils du roi Stefan Uroš III Dečanski et de la princesse byzantine Marie Paléologue sa seconde épouse. il est le demi frère …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Simeon Nemanjic — Simeon Nemanjić Simeon Siniša Nemanjić, empereur des Roméens et des Serbes de 1359 à 1371. Simeon était le fils de la princesse byzantine Marie Paléologue et du roi Stefan Uroš III Dečanski, et le demi frère de l empereur Stefan Uroš IV Dušan. Il …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia — Stephen Uroš IV Dušan the Mighty Uroš IV Nemanjić Стефан Урош IV Душан Силни King of all Serbian and Maritime Lands Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Stefan Uroš V de Serbia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Stefan Uroš V Emperador de Serbia Reinado 1355 1371 Nombre real …   Wikipedia Español

  • Esteban Uroš V de Serbia — Esteban X Uroš V Emperador de Serbia Reinado 1355 1371 Nombre real Stefan Uroš Nemanjić Otros títulos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stefan Uroš V of Serbia — Infobox Emperor name = Uroš the Weak title = King of Serbia, Emperor of the Serbs and the Greeks full name = Stefan Uroš V imperial name = reign = King 1346 – 1355) emperor (emperor) 1355 – 1371). predecessor =Dušan the Mighty successor =… …   Wikipedia

  • Stefan Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia — Infobox Monarch name = Stefan of Dečani title = King of Serbia caption = King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski reign = 1321 1331 coronation = 1321 predecessor = Stefan Uroš II Milutin successor = Dušan the Mighty consort = Theodora of Bulgaria, Maria… …   Wikipedia

  • Stefan Uroš V. — Stefan Uroš V. der Schwache Stefan Uroš V. „der Schwache“ (serbisch: свети Стефан Урош V. нејаки) (* 1337; † Dezember 1371) war zuerst Mitregent seines Vaters Stefan Uroš IV. Dušan über Serbien und wurde schließlich alleiniger Herrscher Serbiens… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stephen Uroš II Milutin of Serbia — For the Serb Grand Prince 1140 1161, see Uroš II Prvoslav. Stephen Uroš II Milutin Nemanjić Стефан Урош II Милутин Немањић King of all the Serbian and Maritime Lands Fresco of king Milutin, King s Church of the Studenica monastery …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»