- Battle of Stilo
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Stilo
July 14, 982
Capo Colonna, near Crotone, Italy
Holy Roman Empire Lombardsof Southern Italy
KalbidSaracens of Sicily
Emperor Otto II Landulf IV of Benevento(k)
Emir of Sicily(k)
casualties1=4,000 casualties, including
many nobles killed
casualties2=Fewer than Imperial army
:"For the battle called "Punta Stilo", see
Battle of Calabria".The Battle of Stilo or Cape Colonna was fought on 13 or 14 July 982near Crotonein Calabriabetween the forces of the Emperor Otto IIand his Italo-Lombard allies and those of the Kalbid emir of Sicily, Abu al-Qasim. Some sources claim that the Muslims received support from the Byzantines, in retaliation for Otto's invasion of their province of Apulia, but this is unconfirmed.
Al-Qasim, who had declared a Holy War ("
jihad") against the Germans, retreated when he noticed the unexpected strength of Otto's troops when he was not far from Rossano Calabro. Informed by some ships of the Muslim retreat, Otto left in that city his wife and children with the baggage and the imperial treasure, and set to pursue the enemy. When al-Qasim recognized that his flight had no hope of success, he fielded his army for pitched battle south of Crotone at Cape Colonna. After a violent clash, a corps of German heavy cavalry destroyed the Muslim centre and pushed towards al-Qasim's guards. The emir was killed, but his troops were not shaken by the loss: they even managed to surround the German troops, slaughtering many of them. According to the historian Ibn al-Athir, casualties were around 4,000. Landulf IV of Benevento, Henry I, Bishop of Augsburg, Günther, Margrave of Merseburg, the Abbot of Fulda and numerous other German counts were among them.
The defeat forced Otto to flee north, where he held an assembly of primarily north Italian magnates at
Verona. He sent his nephew Otto I, Duke of Swabia and Bavaria, back to Germany with the news, but he died "en route". News of the battle did reach as far as Wessex, which is significant of the magnitude of the disaster. Bernard I of Saxony was heading south for the assembly when Danish Viking raids forced him to return. Saxon losses at Stilo had been most severe. At the assemblage, Otto secured his son Otto III's election as King of Italyand a call for reinforcements from Germany. He died the next year before continuing his campaign in the south.
The state of the
Mezzogiornowas shaken up. Besides Landulf IV, his brothers Pandulf II of Salernoand Atenulf, also died in battle. Though the Kalbid troops were forced to retreat afterwards to Sicily, the Saracens remained a presence in southern Italy, harassing the Greeks and Lombards. Capua and Benevento meanwhile passed to younger branches of the Landulfid family and Salerno was snatched by Manso, Duke of Amalfi.
In Germany, the
Elbean Slavs, upon hearing news of the emperor's defeat, rose against their German suzerains under Mstivojin a great revolt known as the "Slawenaufstand". The Germanisation and Christianisation of the Slavs was put back for decades.
*Reuter, Timothy. "Germany in the Early Middle Ages 800–1056". New York: Longman, 1991.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Battle of Recknitz — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Recknitz caption= partof= date=16 October 955 place=near Ribnitz Damgarten result=German victory combatant1=Kingdom of Germany combatant2=Obodrites and allied Slavs commander1=Otto I of Germany… … Wikipedia
Battle of Calabria — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Calabria caption=Italian battleship Giulio Cesare firing during the battle partof=the Mediterranean Theater of World War II date=July 9, 1940 place=Near Calabria, Italy result=Inconclusive… … Wikipedia
Stilo — Infobox CityIT img coa = Stilo Stemma.gif official name = Comune di Stilo region = Calabria province = Reggio Calabria (RC) elevation m = 386 area total km2 = 78.49 population as of = 2001 name=Stilo mapx=38.53333|mapy=16.47 population total =… … Wikipedia
Battle of the Mediterranean — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Mediterranean caption=Mediterranean Sea partof=World War II date= 10 June 1940 – 2 May 1945 place=Mediterranean Sea result=Allied victory combatant1=flagicon|United Kingdom United Kingdom… … Wikipedia
List of wars in the Muslim world — Part of the list of wars series.Battles of the Rashidun CaliphateRidda wars* Battle of Yamama 632 *Battle of Zafar 632 *Battle of Buzakha 632 *Battle of Ghamra 632 *Battle of Naqra 632 *Battle of Daumat ul jandal 633Byzantine Arab Wars* Battle of … Wikipedia
History of Taranto — The history of Taranto dates back to the 8th century BC when it was founded as a Greek colony.Greek periodFoundation and splendourTaranto was founded in 706 BC by Dorian immigrants as the only Spartan colony, and its origin is peculiar: the… … Wikipedia
History of Islam in southern Italy — Arabic painting made for the Norman kings (c. 1150) in the Palazzo dei Normanni, originally the emir s palace at Palermo … Wikipedia
Bataille du Cap Colonne — Informations générales Date 14 juillet 982 Lieu Cap Colonna, au sud de Crotone, Italie Casus belli jihad Issue victoire décisive des Sarrasins … Wikipédia en Français
Bataille du cap Colonne — 39° 01′ 31″ N 17° 12′ 08″ E / 39.0254, 17.2022 … Wikipédia en Français
Margraviate of Meissen — Markgrafschaft Meißen State of the Holy Roman Empire ← … Wikipedia