Ryazan ( _ru. Ряза́нь IPA-ru|rʲɪˈzanʲ) is a city in the Central Federal District of Russia, the administrative center of Ryazan Oblast. It is located on the Oka River 196 km south-east of Moscow. Population: 521,560 (2002 Census); 514,638 (1989 Census). The strategic bomber base Dyagilevo is found just west of the city, and the abandoned air base of Alexandrovo is to the southeast as is the small Ryazan Turlatovo Airport.


It is argued that the Ryazan kremlin was founded in 800 by Slavic settlers,Fact|date=May 2007 as part of their drive into territory previously populated by Finnic peoples. Initially it was built of wood, gradually replaced by masonry. The oldest preserved part of the kremlin dates back to the 12th century.

However, the first written mention of the city, under the name of Pereslavl, dates to 1095. At that time the city was part of the independent Ryazan Principality, which had existed since 1078 and which was centered on the old city of Ryazan. The first ruler of Ryazan was supposedly Yaroslav Sviatoslavich, Prince of Ryazan and Murom (cities of Kievan Rus'.

The lands of Ryazan, situated on the border of forest and steppe, suffered numerous invasions from the south, carried out by a variety of tribes including the Khazars, the Pechenegs, and the Polovtsians. Ryazan was the first Russian city to by sacked by the Mongol horde of Batu Khan. On December 21, 1237 it was thoroughly devastated and never fully recovered. As result of the sack, the seat of the principality was moved about 55 km to the town of Pereslavl-Ryazanskii, which susbequently took the name of the destroyed capital. The site of the old capital now carries the name of Staraya Ryazan(Old Ryazan).

In the 1380 Battle of Kulikovo, a key event in Russian history, Grand Prince Oleg of Ryazan and his men fought as allies of Mamai, a strongman of the Tartar Golden Horde, against the Russian armies under the command of the Grand Prince of Vladimir, Dmitri Ivanovich of Moscow.

Late in the 13th century the Princes of Ryazan moved their capital to Pereslavl, which is known as Ryazan from the 16th century (officially renamed in 1778). The principality was finally incorporated into that of Moscow in 1521.

In 1990 it hosted a group of hot air balloonists from the United Kingdom. 24 balloons arrived by road whilst the crews flew from London to Moscow then travelled by bus to Ryazan. Each crew was allocated an interpreter who advised them on local customs. The crews spent about a week in Ryazan and made several flights over the area. The Red Army provided the retrieve vehicles for the teams (two balloons to a vehicle). Facts|date=February 2007

In September 1999, Ryazan was one of the cities involved in the Russian apartment bombings episode, though did not actually experience a successful bomb attack.

Modern Ryazan

Ryazan is a fast-changing city, especially in the areas around the Novosyolov and Moskovskoye Shosse streets. Large shopping malls started to appear recently, and a new indoor skating rink was built on the Novosyolov. The city is home to the Airborne Forces academy.

Due to its close location to Moscow (three hours by train) modern Ryazan has a boisterous nightlife. Every weekend local clubs and pubs host euro-dance, house and occasionally RnB parties. Clubs like "Sunset", "Maska", "Molotov", "Cosmic" and "Fusion cocktail hall" had gained popularity among Ryazan upscale youth and some foreign students. Newy launched restaurants "Nebo", "Paravoz" and "Carroll" also host irregular parties.

The main rock scene of the city is legendary "Planetary" art-club. During nearly 10 years of its existence a wide number of Russian and European rock, punk, numetal, emo and avant-garde bands have performed at "Planetary". Even American indie rock bands like Briston have made an appearance.

Administrative divisions

The city of Ryazan is divided into four administrative districts: Moskovsky, Oktyabrsky, Sovetsky, and Zheleznodorozhny.

ights of Ryazan

*Ryazan Kremlin
*Pavlov Museum
*Architectural Museum
*Art Museum
*Drama Theater
*Puppet Theater
*Children's Circus
*Pyaniy Park

Famous people

*Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, the famous psychologist and founder of classical conditioning
*Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, one of the inventors of the space rocket
*Sergei Yesenin, the famous poet
*Andrey Markov, the mathematician who pioneered work on Markov chains.
*Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, a practitioner selectionist.

Twin towns

* Kruševac, Serbia
* Lovech, Bulgaria
* Münster, Germany
* Omiš, Croatia

External links

*ru icon [http://www.rzz.ru/ Ryazan Portal]
*ru icon [http://www.dancenow.ru/ Night Life of Ryazan]
*en icon [http://www.photo-city.info/ryazan/ Photos of Ryazan]
*ru icon [http://www.photo-city.ru/ryazan/ Photos of Ryazan]
*ru icon [http://www.r-active.ru/ Extreme sports and tourism in Ryazan]
* [http://www.photo-city.info/ryazan/Uspenskiy_cathedral/photos.html The Uspensky cathedral] (inside the Ryazan kremlin)
* [http://www.photo-city.info/ryazan/Konstantinovo/photos.html Konstantinovo] (motherland of the Sergei Yesenin) and other photos.
* [http://www.moscow-city.ru/download/source/Muscovy%20Russia.pdf/56-59.pdf Ryazan travel information]
* [http://www.nomer.org/ryazan Ryazan telephone directory]
* [http://www.gilevich.com/photo_galleries/Ryazan/359 Photos of historical part of Ryazan]

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  • Ryazan — [rē΄ə zän′, rē′əzän′y ] city in W European Russia, near the Oka River: pop. 536,000 …   English World dictionary

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  • Ryazan' — Original name in latin Ryazan’ Name in other language Resan, Riazan, Riaza Rjasan, Rjazan, Rjazan , Rjaza Ryazan, Ryazan , Ryazan’, liang zan, lyajan, ryazan, Рязань State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 54.6269 latitude 39.6916… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ryazan — Stadt Rjasan Рязань Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ryazan — noun a city in Russia, 196 kilometres south of Moscow, centre of Ryazan oblast …   Wiktionary

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  • Ryazan' — geographical name city W central Russia in Europe on Oka River SE of Moscow population 529,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • Ryazan — /rjaˈzan/ (say ryah zahn) noun a town in central Russia in Europe, on the river Oka. Russian, R zan …   Australian English dictionary