- Vincent van Gogh chronology
This is a
chronologyof the artist Vincent van Gogh. It is based as far as possible on Van Gogh's correspondence. [ [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/ Van Gogh's Letters, Unabridged and Annotated] ] However, it has only been possible to construct the chronology by drawing on additional sources. Most of his letters are not dated, and it was only in 1973 that a sufficient dating was established by Jan Hulsker, subsequently revised by Ronald Pickvance and marginally corrected by others. Many other relevant dates in the chronology derive from the biographies of his brother Theo, his uncle and godfather Cent, his friends Émile Bernardand Paul Gauguin, and others.
1850 1851 1852 1853 1855 1857 1859
1861 1862 1864 1866 1867 1868 1869
1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879
1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889
*November 6: Vincent van Gogh (Uncle Cent) married Cornelia Carbentus, in The Hague.
*May 21: Ds. Theodorus van Gogh, since 1849 pastor in Groot-Zundert, marries Anna Cornelia Carbentus, his sister-in-law, in The Hague.
*March 30: a first son, called Vincent, is stillborn (in Dutch "levenloos"). [Civil register of Zundert, reproduced in Tralbaut 1974, p. 18]
*March 30: Vincent Willem van Gogh, called Vincent, is born in Groot-Zundert (today
Zundert) [ [http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/expressionism/Vincent-Van-Gogh.html Vincent Van Gogh - Biography, Quotes & Paintings] , retrieved June 14th 2007.] .
*February 17: sister Anna Cornelia van Gogh, called Anna, is born.
*May 1: brother Theodorus van Gogh, called Theo, is born.
*May 16: sister
Elisabeth Huberta van Gogh, called Lies, is born.
*March 26: Uncle Cent becomes partner of
Goupil & Cie. [Nonne 1988, S. 333, note 36]
*March 16: sister Willemina Jacoba van Gogh, called Wil, is born.
*October 1: in Zevenbergen to attend the school of Jan Provily.
*August: leaves Zevenbergen.
*September 3: enters secondary school at Tilburg.
*May 17: brother Cornelis Vincent van Gogh, called Cor, is born.
*March: leaves Tilburg and returns to his family in Zundert.
*July 30: Vincent starts apprenticeship with
Goupil & Cie, The Hague.
*January: Van Gogh's family moves to
*January 29: Uncle Cent, until then one of three shareholders of Goupil & Cie., retires from business, but continues holding his share, now 6/30 (and formerly 1/3?); Adolphe and Albert Goupil hold 7/30 each, and Léon Goupil 10/30. [Nonne 1988, p. 345, note 40]
*January 1: Theo starts apprenticeship with Goupil & Cie,
*February 19: the lot has fallen on Vincent to serve in the army, but father bought him out (and therefore, according to the law, his younger brothers Theo and Cor, too). [Letter from father to Theo, 19 February 1873]
*May 12: Vincent leaves for
Pariswhere he visits the Paris branches of Goupil & Cie, the Salon and the Musée du Luxembourg.
*a week later: takes up work at the
Londonbranch of Goupil & Cie; it is not known where he first lodged.
*August: moves to the house of Ursula Loyer and her daughter Eugenie in Brixton, 87 Hackford Road.
*June 27 - July 15: summer holiday with his family in Helvoirt.
*August: moves to Kennington (Ivy Cottage, 395 Kennington Road).
*November: on the demand of Uncle Cent, Vincent is transferred to Paris to get acquainted with the headquarters of Goupil & Cie. [Letter from mother to Theo, 28 October 1874]
*November 26: Jet Carbentus, a cousin of Vincent, marries
*Christmas: with his family in Helvoirt.
*January 2: returns to London.
*May 24: Goupil's London opens its first exhibition.
*end of May: Vincent is re-transferred to Paris head quarters.
*October 18: Van Gogh's family moves to
*Christmas: with his family in Etten.
*December 30: visits Uncle C. M. in the Hague to talk about his future. [Letter from mother and father to Theo, 31 December 1875]
*December 31: father thinks he has to advise Vincent to resign. [Letter from mother and father to Theo, 31 December 1875]
*January 4: back to Paris, a talk with Léon Boussod ends with Van Gogh's resignation. [Letter from father to Theo, 12 January 1876]
*March 30: his last day at Goupil's.
*March 31: returns to Etten for a fortnight.
*April 7: Theo, too, is on visit in Etten. [Letter from father and mother to Theo, 31 March 1876]
*April 14: Vincent leaves for England. [Letter from mother to Theo, 16 April 1876]
*April 16: arrives at
Ramsgateto teach at the school of William Stokes, 6 Royal Road; he lodges nearby at 11 Spencer Square.
*June: Stokes transfers his school to Linkfield House, 183 Twickenham Road,
*July 3: Van Gogh moves to the school of Reverend Thomas Slade-Jones (1829-1883) at Holme Court, 158 Twickenham Road, Isleworth.
*September 26:Theo misses work because he has fallen seriously ill.Hulsker, J. 1990, page 34]
*October 23:Theo, still ill, and his mother travel to Etten.
*October 29: Vincent's first sermon at Richmond Methodist Church. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/4/079.htm 79] , includes the text of Vincent's sermon]
*November 16:Theo finally well enough to leave Etten.
*Christmas: Vincent returns to
*January to May: works as a bookseller's assistant in
*May 14: moves to
Amsterdamto study for entrance into the university. [Letter from father to Theo, 7 May 1877]
*?: Uncle Cent withdraws his shares from Goupil & Cie.
*March: Tersteeg has recommended Theo to assist Goupil & Cie in Paris during the World Fair.
*July 5: Vincent abandons studies and returns to Etten.
*July 16-17: father introduces Vincent to the governors of the Evangelical College ("Vlaamse opleidingsschool") in Laeken, near Brussels, accompanied by Reverend Jones. [Letter from father to Theo, 22 July 1878] (One of six founders in 1875 was
Abraham van der Waeyen Pieterszen).
*24 August: having postponed his depart to assist at the wedding of his sister Anna (August 21), Vincent moves to
Laeken. [Letter from mother to Theo, 21 August 1878]
*October 27: C. M. Vos, husband of
Kee Vos Stricker, dies.
*December: fails exams.
*December 26: turns to the Committee (Comité d'Evangélisation) and asks to be accepted for the Borinage.
*January: for 6 months on trial, Vincent is accepted to do evangelical work in the Borinage. [Letter from father to Theo, [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/etc-fam-1879.htm 20 January 1879] ]
*late June: Vincent learns his temporary contract will not be renewed; he is given three months to find something else. [Letter from mother to Theo, [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/etc-fam-1879.htm 2 July 1879] ]
*July 31: his contract ends.
*August 1: next day, Vincent sets out on a first walk to find employment, all across the Borinage up to the North. Finally, in Tournai, he shifts to North-east to visit Reverend
Abraham van der Waeyen Pieterszenin Maria-Hoorebeeke, but when he arrives on Sunday afternoon (August 3), Pieterszen is out for some days in Brussels, where they meet on Monday morning (August 4). [Letter from father to Theo, [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/etc-fam-1879.htm 7 August 1879] . Dates corrected according to the content of the letter.]
*August 5: he is in
Cuesmes"again," close to Mons; as Theo is expected to pass Mons by train soon, Vincent asks his brother to meet there. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/131.htm 131] ]
*August ?: spends a day with Theo, leaves for
Wasmesin the evening where he is lodged by J. B. Denis, Rue du Petit Wasmes à Wasmes (Hainaut). [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/132.htm 132] ]
*August 15 Vincent arrives back at Etten to stay with his parents. [Letter from mother to Theo, [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/etc-fam-1879.htm 19 August 1879] ]
*Spring ???: stays with family at Etten [Erickson, page 68.]
*March 11: Vincent is still with his parents.
*mid March ???: when father tries to put him to an asylum (Gheel), he escapes to Cuesmes.
*end March ???: Vincent sets out on a second walk to find employment in the Borinage; in the end he walks to
Courrièresand goes to visit Jules Breton, but doesn't have the nerve to enter the property. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/136.htm 136] , dated 24 September 1880 from Cuesmes, describes this trip as occurring in winter; see also Martin Gayford, "The Yellow House: Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Nine Turbulent Weeks in Arles," Fig Tree, Penguin, 2006. ISBN 0-670-91497-5. See page 177. - March 1880 is also the date proposed by Jan Hulsker, "Van Gogh in close-up", Amsterdam 1993 ISBN 90-290-4914-6]
Abraham van der Waeyen Pieterszendies in Maria-Horebeke.
*first days of July: a while after his return to Cuesmes, Vincent learns that money recently sent by his parents was in fact from Theo; thanking him for his support, Vincent tries to explain his present situation; he is staying with Ch. Decrucq, Rue du Pavillon 8, Cuesmes. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/133.htm 133] ] Theo forwarded this letter to the parents who commented on July 5. [Letter from the parents to Theo, [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/etc-fam-1879.htm July 5, 1880] ]
*August 20: takes up correspondence with Theo again. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/134.htm 134] ]
*September: works after
Charles Bargue's platework ("Cours de dessin"), which he got on loan from Tersteeg, head of Goupil & Ciein The Hague. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/135.htm 135] , September 7, 1880]
*October: moves to Brussels, takes the advice of
Willem Roelofsand enrolls in a beginners art course at the Academy; as suggested by Theo, he meets Rappard.
*April: moves back to Etten and draws.
*April 17: meets Theo.
*Mid-June: Rappard on visit in Etten.
Kee Vos Strickerspends some time in Etten with Vincent's parents, who falls in love with her. [Anne Stiles Wylie (1973) pointed out that Van Gogh already admired Kee in 1877, while he was in Amsterdam and they both watched her husband dying.]
*August 23-26: trip to The Hague; he visits
Anton Mauveand De Bock, sees some exhibitions and the recently opened Panorama Mesdag. [Van Gogh und die Haager Schule, Vienna 1996, p. 59 and p. 63 note 1 ISBN 88-8118-072-3]
*late November: writes letter to Uncle Stricker, [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/10/161.htm 161] to Theo, 23 November 1881] and within a couple of days goes to Amsterdam in person himself. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/10/162.htm 162] to Theo, 1-3 December 1881, saying he has already been to Amsterdam]
*?: arrives in Amsterdam and demands to see Kee but does not see her; aunt and uncle Stricker accompany him to a good and cheap lodging, where he stays for some days. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/10/164.htm 164] to Theo, 21 December 1881, giving more detail of visit, few days, last visit on a Sunday (presumably Sunday 27 November 1881). To be revised?!]
*November 27 or December 4: "Sunday evening" at about 7 o'clock, he arrives in The Hague to stay with
Anton Mauvefor some time. Mauve encourages him to work in oils and watercolours.
*December 19: Vincent is still in The Hague [Letter from mother to Theo, 19 December 1881] and unable to leave, as he is short of money. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/10/163.htm 163] ] A few days later he is back to Etten, and confesses that recently—evidently for the first time in his life—he has accepted the invitation of a back-street girl. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/10/164.htm 164] , c. December 21, 1881. No name is mentioned, but this may be the first reference to Sien.]
*December 25: On Christmas Day, Vincent quarrels with his father who had tried to force him to assist the Christmas service, and leaves for The Hague. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/11/166.htm 166] , 29 December 1881]
*January: moves into a small studio, Schenkweg 138.
*mid to late January: meets
Clasina Maria Hoornik("Sien") and sets up a domestic relationship with her.
*June 7: admitted to municipal hospital to be treated for
*July 1: leaves the hospital; [Extract from the patients' register, illustrated in: Marc Edo Tralbaut (1969), p. 87] in the next days he moves next door into a larger studio, Schenkweg 136 (since 1884: Schenkstraat 13). [Jan Hulsker (1970), p. 2-11]
*July 2: Sien gives birth to a baby boy, whom is given the name Willem.
*August: following a visit of Theo who supplied money for colour, Van Gogh starts painting in oil at the sea coast in
*November: has trial proofs of 6 lithographs printed.
*September: leaves Sien, and moves to
*September 11: arrives in
Hoogeveen, late in the evening, and lodges with "Albertus Hartsuiker", Groote Kerkstraat [Dijk & Van der Sluis (2001), pp. 102-103]
*October 2: leaves Hoogeveen on the tow boat for Nieuw-Amsterdam/
Veenoord: Van Gogh wrote his brother that he is staying in the first place, while his lodgings with "Hendrik Scholte" were indeed part of the latter village close-by.
*November 1: visits
*December 4: walks down from Veenoord to Hoogeveen to catch the train for
*December 5: Vincent arrives in Nuenen to stay with his parents.
*December 7: date of the postmark on the back of a pen drawing (F.1237) that signalized Theo his arrival in Nuenen.
* ? : the Goupil family retires, the firm is again transformed and renamed in "Boussod, Valadon & Cie, successeurs de Goupil & Cie".
*January 17: descending from a train, Van Gogh's mother breaks her leg; Vincent is caring for her.
*end March: Theo starts buying and selling
Impressionists, beginning with a painting by Pissarro. [John Rewald (1973), p. 5]
Margot Begemannattempts suicide.
*March 26: Vincent's father dies.
*March 27: Theo travels to Nuenen for the funeral.
*March 30: father 's funeral.
*May: Vincent leaves his mother's house.
*July: on their way back to Holland to spend their holidays with their parents, Theo and Andries Bonger visit the museums in Lille, Bruges, Ghent and Antwerp.
*c. July 28 - August 7: Theo stays in Nuenen.
*August 7: Theo visits Bonger in Amsterdam and meets his sister Jo for the first time.
*August: first exhibition, in windows of the art dealer Leurs in
*October 6-8: visit to
Amsterdamand the Rijksmuseum.
*November 24: leaves for
*January 18: enrolls in Antwerp Academy of Art ("Koninklijke Academie van Beeldende Kunsten") for the winter term 1885-1886 in the Antique class. [Confirmation of registration illustrated in Marc Edo Tralbaut (1969), p. 181. See also [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/16/etc-458a.htm Mark Edo Tralbaut (1948)] ]
*mid March: arrives in
Parisand asks Theo to see him in the Louvre. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/8/132.htm 459] , and Andries Bonger's letter to his parents, March 17, 1886 (Complete Letters, New York ²1978, no. 462a)]
*March - June (?): studies for three months at studio of
Fernand Cormon. [See Louis van Tilborgh 2007, passim]
*April 3: relegated by the council of the Antwerp Academy to the entrance course; [Examination results, illustrated in: Marc Edo Tralbaut (1969), p. 184] by this time Van Gogh is already in Paris.
*May 15: Opening of the 8th Impressionist exhibition; running through June 15.
*June: the Van Gogh brothers move from Rue de Laval to a larger apartment, Rue Lepic 54. [Theo to his mother, [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/17/etc-fam-1886.htm June 1886] ]
*August: Theo is on vacation in Holland, discusses with family and uncles his plan to establish an art gallery of his own. Meanwhile Vincent falls ill, and for some time Andries Bonger shares the apartment to care for Vincent and "S.," Theo's mistress. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/17/460.htm 460] ]
*August 19 or 26: Theo is back to Paris. [Andries Bonger's letter to his parents, August 27, 1886 (Complete Letters, New York ²1978, no. 462a); Chris Stolwijk & Richard Thomson (1999), p. 40 opt for August 26.]
*August 21: Opening of the 2nd exhibition of the Artistes Indépendants; running through September 21.
*October 25: Van Gogh proposes an exchange of works with
Charles Angrand. [Bogomila Welsh-Ovcharov (1971), fig. 24 and Appendix IV]
*January: Vincent signs his first portrait of "Père" Tanguy, and later this year portraits of "Mère" Tanguy and one of their friends. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/18/506.htm 506] to Theo, 9 July 1888, and the painting, dated "Janvier 87"]
*March 11: Theo states that it is impossible to get on with Vincent. [Theo to his brother Cor, [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/17/etc-fam-1886.htm March 11,1887] ; a similar complaint in a letter to their sister Wil, March 14, 1887]
*March 26: Opening of the 3rd exhibition of the Artistes Indépendants; running through June 8.
*April 26: Vincent and Theo have made peace. [Theo to Wil, [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/17/etc-fam-1886.htm April 26, 1887] ]
*Spring: Vincent campaigns in Asnières
Paul Gauguinarrives in Paris, just back from Martinique.
*December: Gauguin consigns paintings to Theo van Gogh.
*December 26: Theo's first sale of a painting by Gauguin [John Rewald (1973), pp. 90-91.]
*December/January (?): Vincent arranges an exhibition of paintings by himself, Bernard, Anquetin, and (probably)
Toulouse-Lautrecin the "Restaurant du Chalet", 43 Avenue de Clichy, on Montmartre. Bernard and Anquetin sell their first painting, Vincent exchanges work with Gauguin. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/18/510.htm 510] , July 15, 1888. There are two short accounts of this exhibition, one based on inforamtion supplied by Seurat, and the other written by Emile Bernard. For the paintings exchanged, see Annet Tellegen, "Vincent en Gauguin. Schilderijenruil in Parijs", Museumjournaal 1966, pp. 42-44.]
*January 1: Theo, accompanied by a second person (probably Manzi, not Vincent?), visits Gauguin in his atelier and acquires 3 paintings for Boussod & Valadon.
*January 4: Theo acquires, privately, Gauguin's
Negresses, and Manzi a seascape
*January 12: Theo acquires, privately, Toulouse-Lautrec's "
Poudre de riz."
*February 19: Vincent departs from Paris.
*February 20: arrives in
*March 22: Opening of the 4th exhibition of the Artistes Indépendants; Van Gogh contributes 3 paintings.
*May 1: takes lease on the Yellow House.
*June: works for a week in Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer.
*September 8: buys two beds for the Yellow House. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/18/534.htm 534] ]
*September 17: spends first night in the Yellow House.
Paul Gauguinarrives to stay with Vincent.
*November: Gauguin receives the invitation to exhibit with
Les XXin spring 1889.
*December: Gauguin and Van Gogh on a trip to
Montpelliervisit the Musée Fabreto see the Bruyas collection. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/18/564.htm 564] , c. mid December, 1888]
*December 23: Van Gogh cuts off part of his ear after arguing with Gauguin.
*December 24: Van Gogh is taken to the hospital.
*December 25: Theo visits Vincent in hospital; that evening Theo and Gauguin leave for Paris.
*January 5: Theo goes to Amsterdam.
*January 8: Vincent leaves hospital.
*January 9: engagement party of Theo and Jo in Amsterdam.
*January 14: Theo is back to Paris.
*February 7: Vincent is again taken to hospital after a second attack.
*February 17: he leaves hospital again.
*February 18: citizens' petition against Van Gogh.
*February 26: he is confined to hospital on police orders.
Paul Signac, on the request of Theo, visits Vincent in the hospital.
*March 31: Theo departs for Amsterdam.
*April 18: Theo marries
Johanna Gesina Bonger.
*May 8: Vincent admits himself to the asylum at
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence; the only other option was to be transferred to a maison de santé elsewhere.
*June ?: Gauguin and friends organize an exhibition of their works in the Café Volpini ("Exposition des Peintures du Groupe impressioniste et synthétiste, faite dans le local de M. Volpini au Champ-de-Mars 1889"); Vincent is invited to participate, but Theo thinks it is inappropriate. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/20/594.htm 594] , Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/20/T10.htm T10] , Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/20/595.htm 595] ]
*July 8: visit to Arles.
*July 15: last batch of paintings from Arles sent to Paris.
*July 18: crisis, lasting to midth end of August.
*September: Van Gogh takes up work again.
*September 3: Opening of the 5th exhibition of the Artistes Indépendants, running through October 4; Van Gogh contributes 2 paintings.
Octave Maus, secretary of Les XX, invites Van Gogh to participate in their forthcoming 7th annual exhibition in February 1890; Van Gogh accepts.
*January 18: Opening of the 7th annual exhibition of
Les XX, Brussels, running through February 23; Van Gogh contributes 6 paintings, one of them is sold to Anna Boch. At the dinner, Henry de Grouxinsults van Gogh's paintings and refuses to allow his work to be displayed alongside van Gogh's; Henri de Toulouse-Lautrecchallenges de Groux to a duelin van Gogh's defense, and Paul Signacdeclares that he would continue in van Gogh's defense if Lautrec should be killed. De Groux is subsequently expelled from les XX. [John Rewald (1978), pp. 346-347]
*January 31: Theo's son Vincent is born.
*February 22-23: while on a visit to Arles, Van Gogh falls ill and has to be brought back to Saint-Rémy on a carriage. This crisis, lasting about nine weeks until the last days of April, is the longest recorded.
*March 20: Opening of the 6th exhibition of the Artistes Indépendants, running through April 27; Van Gogh contributes 10 paintings, 5 of which have already been shown at Les XX in Brussels. Gauguin, Guillaumin and other colleagues propose to exchange works; [Letters GAC 40 from Gauguin to Van Gogh, April 1890 (?) (see Douglas Cooper 1983, pp. 304-311), Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/20/T29.htm T29] from Theo to Vincent, 19 March 1890, and Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/20/630.htm 630] from Vincent to Theo, 1 May 1890] Monet sends his congratulations. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/20/T32.htm T32] from Theo to Vincent, 23 April 1890]
*May 1: recovered, he has taken up work again. [Letter [http://webexhibits.org/vangogh/letter/20/630.htm 630] from Vincent to Theo, 1 May 1890, posted 2 May]
*May 16: Vincent is discharged from Saint Rémy, he travels to Paris, arrives May 17, at 10 in the morning.
*May 17 - 20: stays with Theo in Paris.
*May 20: moves to
*June 8: Theo and family visit.
*July 6: visits Theo in Paris.
*July 15: Theo accompanies his wife and son to Holland; travelling via Antwerp.
*July 19: he is back in Paris.
*July 23: business forces Theo out for a day in Antwerp. Vincent conceives his last letter.
*July 27: Sunday evening, Vincent injures himself with a gun; Dr. Gachet is summoned at 9 p.m. [Ronald Pickvance (1992), p. 27]
*July 29: Vincent dies, at 1.30 in the morning. [Register of deaths, Auvers-sur-Oise, reproduced in Mar Edo Tralbaut (1974), p. 332] Among his last words: "I wanted it to end like this." [Letter from Theo to Jo, 1 August 1890: "Ik wilde dat ik zóó heen kon gaan", and Letter from Theo to mother, 1 August 1890: "Ik zou zoo weg willen gaan"; see Ronald Pickvance (1992), p. 39 and p. 57]
*July 30: funeral, assisted by Theo, Gachet, Tanguy, Bernard, Laval, Lucien Pissarro, Lauzet and others. [Ronald Pickvance (1992), pp. 32-35]
*August 7: "L'Echo Pontoisien", a weekly published every Thursday, reports Van Gogh's attempt to commit suicide and his death. [See Welsh-Ovcharov (1999), p. 305, ill.]
*September 14: Theo and his young family move nextdoor.
*September 20: Theo, assisted by
Emile Bernard, mounts an improvised retrospective exhibition of his brother's works in Theo's former appartement.
*October 9: Theo collapses mentally and physically, and is admitted to the Maison Dubois hospital, Faubourg St. Denis, later to a clinic in Passy.
*November 18: Theo is transferred to the Willem Arntzkliniek in Utrecht.
*January 25: Theo dies and is buried in De Bilt.
*Anonymous (initialled "H.H.H." and "W.F.d.C.H."): "Van Gogh, 's-Gravenhage", Nederland's Patriciaat 50, 1964, p. 171-183
*Cooper, Douglas (ed.): "Paul Gauguin: 45 Letters", The Hague 1983, p. 304-311 ISBN 90-12-03899-5
*Dijk, Wout J., & van der Sluis, Meent W.: "De Drentse tijd van Vincent van Gogh", Boon uitgeverij, Groningen 2001 ISBN 90-75913-18-4
*Hulsker, Jan: "The houses where Van Gogh lived in The Hague", Vincent I/1 (1970), p. 2-11
*Hulsker, Jan: "The elusive van Gogh, and what his parents really thought of him", Simiolus 19/4, 1989, p. 243-270 ISSN 0037-5411
*Hulsker, Jan: "Vincent and Theo van Gogh: A Dual Biography," Ann Arbor, Fuller Publications, 1990. ISBN 0-940537-05-2
*Jansen, Leo, and Jan Robert: "Kort geluk. De briefwisseling tussen Theo van Gogh en Jo Bonger", Waanders, Zwolle 1999 ISBN 90-400-9353-9 (also available in English)
*Nonne, Monique: "Les marchands de van Gogh", in: Van Gogh à Paris, ed. Françoise Cachin & Bogomila Welsh-Ovcharov, Paris: RMN 1988, Annexe I, p. 330-338 ISBN 2-7118-2159-5
*Pickvance, Ronald: "A great artist is dead": Letters of Condolence on Vincent van Gogh's death", Waanders, Zwolle 1992 ISBN 90-6630-215-1
*Rewald, John: "Theo van Gogh, Goupil, and the Impressionists", Gazette des Beaux-Arts, January & February 1973, p. 1-107; reprinted in Rewald, John: "Studies in Post-Impressionism", Thames and Hudson, 1986, p. 7-115 (no ISBN)
*Rewald, John: "Post-Impressionism", revised edition: Secker & Warburg, London 1978
*Stolwijk, Chris, and Thomson, Richard: "Theo van Gogh 1857-1891: Art dealer, collector and brother of Vincent", Waanders, Zwolle 1999 ISBN 90-400-9363-6
*Stolwijk, Chris, and Veenenbos, Han: "The account book of Theo van Gogh and Jo van Gogh-Bonger", Primavera Pers, Leiden 2002 ISBN 90-74310-82-6
*Tralbaut, Marc Edo: "Vincent van Gogh", Macmillan, London 1969
*Van Tilborgh, Louis: "Van Gogh in Cormon's studio: A chronological puzzle", Van Gogh Studies I: Current Issues in 19th-Century Art, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam & Waanders, Zwolle 2007, pp. 53-71 ISBN 978-90-400-8350-1
*Welsh-Ovcharov, Bogomila: "The early work of Charles Angrand and his contact with Vincent van Gogh", Editions Victorine, Utrecht & The Hague 1971
*Welsh-Ovcharov, Bogomila: "Van Gogh in Provence and Auvers", Hugh Lauter Levine Associates, 1999 ISBN 0-88363-341-8
*Wylie, Anne Stiles: "Vincent & Kee and the municipal archives in Amsterdam", Vincent IV/2, 1973, p. 2-7
* [http://www.hlla.com/reference/VGchron.html Another chronology] based on Susan Alyson Stein "Van Gogh: A Retrospective," ISBN 0-88363-310-8.
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