- Chunghwa Post
Chunghwa Post Company Limited Type Government-owned corporation Industry Post, Philately Founded 1896,
2003 (major restructuring)
Headquarters Taipei, Taiwan (ROC) Key people Samuel J.S. Hsu (Chairman), Huang Shui-Cheng (President and Director), Wu Min-Yu (Vice-president finance) Products First Class mail, Domestic mail, Philatelic services, Logistics Services Postal services, Courier, Money savings Revenue $23.0 billion NT (2006) Employees Approx. 26,000 Website www.post.gov.tw Chunghwa Post Co., Ltd. Traditional Chinese 中華郵政股份有限公司 Simplified Chinese 中华邮政股份有限公司 Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin Zhōnghuá Yóuzhèng Gǔfèn Yǒuxiàngōngsī Min - Hokkien POJ Tiong-hôa-iû-chèng-kó͘-hūn-iú-hān-kong-si
The Chunghwa Post Co., Ltd. (Chinese: 中華郵政股份有限公司), formerly Taiwan Post Co. (台灣郵政), is the official postal service of the Republic of China (ROC), providing mail service for Taiwan Area of the Republic of China. It also provides a savings account service. Chunghwa Post was a government organization of Ministry of Transportation and Communications until 2003, when it was reorganized into a government-owned corporation. Its affiliation with the Universal Postal Union began in 1914, but ended in 1972 when it was replaced by the China Post shortly after China's seat in the United Nations was handed over to the People's Republic of China. Because of its non-UPU affiliation, domestic mail envelope and package labeling does not follow UPU standards.
International Reply Coupons are not available to Taiwan Area, and mail is not delivered to or sent directly from Taiwan Area, but rather routed through third-party countries, with Japan Post as a major route facility for incoming mail sent from the Americas region.
Chunghwa Post delivers standard letters, registered mail, parcels, and express mail through Taiwan Area. There are twenty-three large offices through the country which supervises some 1,300 smaller post offices.
Origins of Chunghwa Post
The direct ancestor of Chunghwa Post is the Customs Post Office of the Qing Empire, established in 1878 by Li Hongzhang at the suggestion of the foreign powers, with branch offices in five major trading cities. On 20 March 1896, the Customs Post Office became the Great Qing Post, which in 1911 became independent of the customs service.
On 1 January 1912, the Republic of China was established, replacing the Qing Dynasty. The Great Qing Post changed its name to the Chunghwa Post. "Chunghwa" is a transliteration of one of the names of China, which connotes the cultural or ethnic nation of "China". Alternatively spelled "Zhonghua" (in pinyin transliteration), this term is part of the Chinese language name of both the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China.
Early postal service in Taiwan
In 1888, Liu Mingchuan, Qing Governor of Taiwan Province, established the Taiwan General Post Office of the Great Qing Postal service. However, in 1895, Taiwan was ceded by Qing Dynasty to Japan following the first Sino-Japanese war. The Taiwan GPO was abolished, with postal service in Taiwan conducted by a variety of bodies such as the Field Command postal service, and after 1924, the Letters Department of the Ministry of Transport.
After World War II
Taiwan was taken over by the Republic of China in 1945. In 1946, the Republic of China government incorporated the postal service in Taiwan into Chunghwa Post. In 1949, the Republic of China lost control of much of mainland China to the People's Republic of China. The operation of Chunghwa Post was soon after restricted to Taiwan, several surrounding islands, and a few islands off the coast of mainland China still under the control of the Republic of China government. In 2003, Chunghwa Post changed its structure from a government department to a government-owned corporation.
In February 2007, ROC President Chen Shui-bian announced that the name of the postal service would be officially changed to Taiwan Post, with sign changes occurring at branches in Taiwan on February 12.  Media reports noted that "Taiwan Post" was more consistent with the name Governor Liu Ming-chuan used when he founded the Taiwan Post Administration in 1888. Furthermore, Taiwan Post began printing "Taiwan" instead of "Republic of China" on postage stamps.
On February 9, the board of directors resolved to change the name of the corporation to Taiwan Post Co. (台灣郵政) after a delay of several hours due to protests from unions.   However, a bill to recognise the change of law was blocked by the KMT-dominated legislature. As a result, the law still mandated the postal monopoly for "Chunghwa Post" despite the name change.
In 2008, the Kuomintang took power in Taiwan following a legislative election victory and the election of Ma Ying-jeou to the presidency. Following his election, Ma Ying-jeou publicly stated that he did not wish his inauguration commemoration stamps to be marked "Taiwan Post", because the name change was "illegal".  The postal service marked the inauguration stamps with Chinese characters for the "Republic of China", as well as "Republic of China (Taiwan)" in English.
On 1 August 2008, the company resolved to reverse the name change and restored the name "Chunghwa Post". The Board of Directors, as well as resolving to restore the name of the corporation, also resolved to re-hire the chief executive dismissed in 2007, and to withdraw defamation proceedings against him.
- Chunghwa Postal Museum
- China Post
- Hongkong Post
- CTT (Macau)
- List of postal services abroad
- ^ Chunghwa Post Co., Ltd.
- ^ Chunghwa Post to change name
- ^ State-run firms begin name change
- ^ Postal workers protest company's name change
- ^ “中華民國”怎麼不見了？就職郵票遭馬退貨 (Republic of China disappears? Inauguration stamps rejected by Ma)
- ^ 馬英九就職郵票“國名”上加注Taiwan (Ma Ying-jeou inauguration stamps has "national name" with [English] "Taiwan" added)
- ^ Chunghwa Post official website
- ^ 台灣郵政改回中華郵政 (Taiwan Post changes back to Chunghwa Post)
Postal administrations of AsiaAzerbaijan1 · Bangladesh · People's Republic of China · Cyprus1 · Egypt1 · Georgia1 · Hong Kong · India · Indonesia · Iran · Iraq · Israel · Japan · Kazakhstan1 · Macau · Malaysia · Pakistan · Palestine · Philippines · Russia1 · Saudi Arabia · Singapore · South Korea · Sri Lanka · Taiwan (Republic of China)2 · Turkey1 · Notes: 1Transcontinental country
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chunghwa Post — Pour les articles homonymes, voir La Poste. Taiwan Post Company Limited Création 1896, 2003 restructuration majeure Personnages clés Samuel J. S. Hsu (Président),Huang … Wikipédia en Français
Chunghwa Postal Museum — The Chunghwa Post Museum is located on Nanhai Street in the Zhongzheng District of Taipei, Taiwan. History It began operation at its previous location in Xindian on March 20, 1967 on the 70th Anniversary of the Chunghwa Post. Due to remoteness of … Wikipedia
Chunghwa TV — Not to be confused with China Television or Chinese Television System. For the official postal service of the Republic of China, see Chunghwa Post. Chunghwa TV Korean name Hangul … Wikipedia
Taiwan Post — Chunghwa Post Pour les articles homonymes, voir La Poste. Taiwan Post Company Limited … Wikipédia en Français
China Post — Not to be confused with The China Post. China Post Industry Post Headquarters Jia8, Beilishi Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, People s Republic of China Area served Mainland China … Wikipedia
State Post Bureau — 国家邮政局 Agency overview Formed 1949 Superseding agency State Post Bureau of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Jurisdiction … Wikipedia
Список почтовых и филателистических музеев мира — Музей банкнот и почтовых марок … Википедия
Desinicization — (simplified Chinese: 去中国化; traditional Chinese: 去中國化; pinyin: qùzhōngguóhuà, de + sinicization) is a term that describes the act of the elimination of Chinese influence, which is the opposite of sinicization . Contents 1 Historical 2 … Wikipedia
Zhonghua — or Chung hua may refer to: China, in a cultural, literary sense (see Names of China#Zhongguo and Zhonghua) Huaxia (华夏) a name representing the Chinese civilisation Zhonghua minzu (中华民族), literally the Chinese nation Zhonghua (car), name of cars… … Wikipedia
Taipei Postal Office — Taipei Post Office (Traditional Chinese:台北郵局; a.k.a. Taipei Beimen Post Office:台北北門郵局) is a four story building and locates right across the street from Beimen (the North Gate of Taipei City). It is a third degree historic site of the Republic of … Wikipedia