infobox UK place
country = England
population = 18,504 (2001 Census)
region= North West England
london_distance= convert|166|mi|km|abbr=on SE
Irlam is a town within the
metropolitan boroughof the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England. It lies on flat ground by the Manchester Ship Canal, convert|6.7|mi|km|1|lk=on west-southwest of Salford, convert|7.6|mi|km|1| west-southwest of Manchesterand convert|8.3|mi|km|1 east-northeast of Warrington. At the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001Irlam had a population of 18,504.
Historically a part of
Lancashire, Irlam was a relatively remote and underdeveloped area of moss land until the early-19th century. Chat Mossis a large area of peat bog which dominates the local landscape. Work was carried out during the 19th century to reclaim large areas of Chat Moss to ensure the completion of the Liverpool and Manchester Railwayin 1829. Irlam (or archaically Irwellham) takes its name from the River Irwellwhich passed through the area until its waters were united with the Manchester Ship Canal in 1894. Irlam's history has been closely linked with the canal since it opened.
Irlam, together with its southwestern neighbour
Cadishead, formed an urban districtfrom 1894 until 1974 when it was incorporated into the City of Salford. Irlam's geography is varied - the northern half continues to exist as moss land, enabling the area to have the largest farming community in Greater Manchester. The southern half is predominantly residential, and has a major employment source at the Northbank Industrial Estate.
Irlam is situated on the north bank of the
River Irwell, from which it almost certainly takes its name, being known in the 13th century as "Irwellham". [cite web |title=Townships:Barton |work= A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4 |date=1911 | url=http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=41441&strquery=irlam |accessdate=2007-06-26] Until around the time of the arrival of the railway, in 1830, Irlam remained a largely undeveloped village, on the edge of the peat bog known as Chat Moss.cite web |title=Irlam & Cadishead – Local History |publisher=Salford City Council |url=http://www.salford.gov.uk/living/yourcom/salfordlife/aboutsalford/salfordlocalhistory/localhistory-irlcadi.htm |accessdate=2007-04-24]
From at least the beginning of the 13th century, Irlam was held by the de Irlam family, whose seat was Irlam Hall. By 1688 Irlam Hall had become the home of Thomas Latham, who played an important part in bringing William of Orange to the throne of England in 1689. [Cooper, "Salford: An Illustrated History", p. 169.]
Irlam Urban District was created in 1894, the same year that the Manchester Ship Canal opened. The subsequent industrial development of Irlam owed much to the construction of the canal, which effectively rendered the River Irwell navigable to large ships. The Latham family's importance to the local area was acknowledged when their features were incorporated into the arms of Irlam's former urban district council.
Steel manufacture was a very significant source of employment in Irlam for a large part of the 20th century. The Partington Steel and Iron Company opened the first steelworks in Irlam, in 1910. It subsequently became a part of the
Lancashire Steel Corporation, and later British Steel. Rationalisation and the concentration of steel manufacture into fewer, larger sites, meant that by 1979, all steel production in Irlam had ceased. [cite web |title=Eyewitness in Manchester |publisher=Manchester Online |url=http://www.manchesteronline.co.uk/ewm/newsletter/ewm324a.html |accessdate=2007-06-28] The former steelworks are now the site of the Northbank Industrial Estate. Dean Group International Ltd continues the metal melting traditions of Irlam with their foundry on the Northbank Industrial Estate [http://www.deangroup-int.co.uk]
Tescoopened the UK's first hypermarketin Irlam.
Irlam is home to an amateur football club,
Irlam F.C., which plays its football in the Premier Division of the Manchester Football Leagueand has its ground in Silver Street. There are also two junior football teams in the area, Irlam Vale F.C., [http://www.irlamrangers.co.uk Irlam Rangers A.F.C] Irlam cricket club plays in the Lancashire County League, and Irlam Hornets rugby league team has just been reformed.
1. [http://www.citynoise.org/article/4343 Historical photos and discussion of Irlam]
*cite book |first=Glynis |last=Cooper |title=Salford: An Illustrated History |publisher=The Breedon Books Publishing Company |year=2005 |isbn=1859834558
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Irlam — (spr. irrläm), Stadt in Lancashire (England), 12 km südwestlich von Manchester, mit Schleusen des Manchester Schiffskanals und (1901) 4335 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Irlam F.C. — nkilFootball club infobox clubname = Irlam fullname = Irlam Football Club nickname = Mitchells or Shack founded = 1969 (as Mitchell Shackleton) ground = Silver Street Irlam City of Salford capacity = n/a chairman = Ron Parker management team =… … Wikipedia
Irlam — This interesting and most curious surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a locational name from Irlam, an urban district and parish at the confluence of the Irwell and Mersey, south of Manchester, which was recorded as Urwilham, Urwelham ,… … Surnames reference
Irlam — Original name in latin Irlam Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.44253 latitude 2.42323 altitude 22 Population 19442 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Irlam railway station — Infobox UK station name = Irlam code = IRL caption = Irlam railway station in 1988 manager = Northern Rail locale = Irlam borough = Salford start = platforms = 2 lowusage0405 = 103,198 lowusage0506 = 120,164 lowusage0607 = 123,494 latitude =… … Wikipedia
City of Salford — For the individual settlement, see Salford, Greater Manchester. For the local government district in existence from 1926 to 1974, see County Borough of Salford. City of Salford Metropolitan borough city … Wikipedia
Manchester Premier Cup — Founded 1934 Region Greater Manchester Number of teams 16 Current champions Droylsden Most successful club Ashton United (16 titles) … Wikipedia
Manchester Ship Canal — The Stolt Kittiwake heading toward the Mersey Estuary, 2005 Principal engineer Edward Leader Williams Date of act … Wikipedia
Civil parishes in Greater Manchester — A map of Greater Manchester, with its 15 parished areas highlighted in red. A civil parish is a subnational entity, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 15 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of Greater Manchester … Wikipedia
Eddie Stobart Ltd. — Infobox Company company name = Stobart Group Ltd. company type = Public foundation = circa 2007 location = flagicon|UK Carlisle, Cumbria, United Kingdom key people = William Stobart Andrew Tinkler industry = Integrated Transport Logistics The… … Wikipedia