Maria Anna of Austria


Maria Anna of Austria
Maria Anna of Austria
Queen consort of Portugal
Tenure 27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750
Spouse John V of Portugal
Issue
Barbara, Queen of Spain
Pedro, Prince of Brazil
José I, King of Portugal
Pedro III, King consort of Portugal
Full name
Maria Anna Josepha
Father Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg
Born 7 September 1683(1683-09-07)
Linz, Germany
Died 14 August 1754(1754-08-14) (aged 70)
Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal

Maria Anna of Austria (Maria Anna Josepha; 7 September 1683 – 14 August 1754) was an Archduchess of Austria as the daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. She would become Queen consort and regent of Portugal by her marriage to John V of Portugal. She was the Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of her spouse.

Contents

Family

Born Maria Anna Josepha, she was a daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Maria Anna was a sister of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor and Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. Through her brother Charles, she was an aunt of Maria Theresa, Austria's first queen regnant.

Marriage and children

Maria Anna, Queen of Portugal

On 27 October 1708 she married her maternal first cousin John V of Portugal and became thus Queen consort of Portugal. She was the mother of six children:

Regency

In 1742 Maria Anna took over power as regent after her husband suffered a stroke, which left him partially paralyzed. When John V died on 31 July 1750 she gave up power to their eldest son Joseph I of Portugal.

She died while in residence in the Palace of Belém in 1754.[1] After her death, she was buried in Lisbon, but her heart was brought to Vienna and buried there in the imperial crypt.

In Culture

Maria Anna, along with her husband and children, is a central character in José Saramago's novel Baltasar and Blimunda (1987).

Ancestry

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 7 September 1683 – 27 October 1708 Her Royal Highness Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria
  • 27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750 Her Most Faithful Majesty the Queen of Portugal and the Algarves
  • 31 July 1750 – 14 August 1754 Her Most Faithful Majesty the Dowager Queen of Portugal and the Algarves

See also

Portuguese royalty
Preceded by
Maria Sofia of the Palatinate
Queen consort of Portugal
27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750
Succeeded by
Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain

References

Notes
  1. ^ Vale, Teresa; Gomes, Carlos (1994). "Palácio Nacional de Belém". In SIPA (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. http://www.monumentos.pt/Site/APP_PagesUser/SIPA.aspx?id=6547. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 



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