Small Seal Script


Small Seal Script

Lesser or Small Seal Script (小篆 Xiaozhuan), or Hsiao-chuan is associated with the work on Chinese characters compiled by Li Si during the Qin Dynasty under the First Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang.

Before the Qin conquest of the last remaining six of the Seven Warring States of China, local styles of characters eveloved independent of one another for centuries producing what are called the Six States Scripts 六國文字. Under one unified government however, the diversity was not deemed desirable for mainly two reasons; first it hindered timely communication, trade, taxing, and transportation, and second independent scripts represented possibly dissenting political ideas especially in areas where the Confucian tradition remained strong.

Hence coaches, roads, currency, laws, weights, measures and writing were to be systematised. Thus, the characters which were different from those found in Qin were discarded, and "xiaozhuan" characters as defined by Li Si became the standard for all regions within the empire. The systemizing came at about 220 BC, and was introduced by Li Si and two ministersDiringer, David. [1982] (1982). The Book Before Printing: Ancient, Medieval, and Oriental. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 0486242439.] . The small cursive form clerical script came after the small script.

Li Si's compilation is known only through Chinese commentaries through the centuries. It is purported to contain 3,300 characters. Several hundred characters from fragmentary commentaries have been collected during the Qing period, and recent archeological excavations in Anhui, China, have uncovered several hundred more on bamboo strips to show the order of the characters; unfortunately, the script employed is not the small seal script as the discovery dates from Han times.

ee also

* Seal Script
* Large Seal Script

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Seal script — Infobox Writing system name=Seal script type=Logographic languages=Old Chinese time= Bronze Age China fam1=Oracle Bone Script children=Clerical script Kaishu Kanji Kana Hanja Zhuyin Simplified Chinese Chu Nom Khitan script Jurchen script Tangut… …   Wikipedia

  • Large Seal Script — Type Logographic Languages Old Chinese Time period Bronze Age China Parent systems (Proto writing) Oracle Bone …   Wikipedia

  • Bird-worm seal script — (Simplified Chinese: 鸟虫篆; Traditional Chinese: 鳥蟲篆; Pinyin: Niǎo Chóng Zhuàn ), is a type of ancient seal script originated from China. Contents 1 Names 2 Introduction and history 3 Usage …   Wikipedia

  • Seal of the President of the United States — Details Armiger President of the Un …   Wikipedia

  • Seal (East Asia) — For a more general view of the topic, see Seal (emblem). Seal A Baiwen name seal, read up down right left: 葉昊旻印 (pinyin: Ye Hao Min Yin, lit. Seal of Ye Haomin ) Chinese name T …   Wikipedia

  • SEAL, SEALS — In the Ancient Period The seal was employed from the beginning of the historical era as a method of identifying property, as protection against theft, to mark the clay stoppers of oil and wine jars or the strip with which packaged goods were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chinese script styles — Chinese characters Scripts Precursors · Oracle bone script · Bronze script · Seal script (large, small) · Clerical script · …   Wikipedia

  • Clerical script — Chancery script redirects here. For the European style of writing, see Chancery hand. Clerical script Type Logographic Languages Old Chinese …   Wikipedia

  • Oracle bone script — Type Logographic Languages Old Chinese Time period Bronze Age China …   Wikipedia

  • Cursive script (East Asia) — Chinese characters Scripts Precursors · Oracle bone script · Bronze script · Seal script (large, small) · Clerical script · …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.