Guodian Chu Slips


Guodian Chu Slips

The Guodian Chu Slips (zh-cp|c=郭店楚簡|p=Guōdiàn Chǔjiǎn) were unearthed in 1993 in Tomb no. 1 of the Guodian tombs in Jingmen, Hubei. The archeological team suggested the tomb should be dated to the latter half of the Warring States period (mid 4th to early 3rd century BC). The texts would have been written on the bamboo slips before or close to the time of burial.

The tomb is located in the Jishan District's tomb complex, near the Jingmen City in the village of Guodian, and only 9 kilometers north of Ying, which was the ancient Chu capital from about 476 BC until 278 BC, before the State of Chu was over-run by the Qin. The tomb and its contents were studied to determine the identity of the occupant; an elderly noble scholar, and teacher to a royal prince. The prince had been identified as Crown Prince Heng, who later became King Qingxiang of Chu. Since King Qingxiang was the first Chu king at Shouchun when the Chu state moved eastwards after Qin sacked their old capital Ying in 278 BC, the Chu slips are dated to around 300 BC.

There are in total about 804 bamboo slips in this cache, including 702 strips and 27 broken strips with 12072 characters. The bamboo slip texts consist of three major categories, which include the earliest manuscripts of the received text of the "Tao Te Ching", one chapter from the "Classic of Rites", and anonymous writings. After restoration, these texts were divided into eighteen sections, and have been transcribed into standard Chinese and published under the title "Chu Bamboo Slips from Guodian" on May 1998. The slip-texts include both Daoist and Confucian works, many previously unknown, and the discovery of these texts in the same tomb has contributed fresh information for scholars studying the history of philosophical thought in ancient China. According to Gao Zheng from the Institute of Philosophy of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the main part could be teaching material used by the Confucianist Si Meng scholars in Jixia Academy. Qu Yuan, who was sent as an envoy in State of Qi, might have taken them back to Chu.

Recent scholarship has questioned the value on categorizing of Confucian and Daoist works that date prior to pre-Han. These categories only appeared during the Han and do not relate in any meaningful way to Guodian. The diversity of views represented in the tomb is a perfect example of the blurring of these lines.

Contents

## Chinese Translation
01-03 老子甲、乙、丙 Laozi Part A, B & C
04 太一生水 The Great One Generates Water
05 緇衣 Black Robes
06 魯穆公問子思 Duke Mu of Lu Question on Zisi
07 窮達以時 Misery and Success Depend on the Age
08 五行 The Five Conducts
09 唐虞之道 The Way of Tang and Yu
10 忠信之道 The Way of Loyalty and Good Faith
11 成之聞之 The Sage is of Heavenly Virtues
12 尊德義 Revering Virtue and Propriety
13 性自命出 Recipes for Nourishing Life
14 六德 The Six Virtues
15-18 語叢一、二、三、四 Thicket of Sayings Part 1, 2, 3 & 4

References

*cite paper | author= Jiang Guanghui | title= The Guodian Chu Slips and Early Confucianism | publisher= Contemporary Chinese Thought 32.2 | date=2000 | url=http://www.lunwentianxia.com/product.free.3455418.1/
*cite book | author=Jingmen City Museum | title=Chu Bamboo Slips from Guodian | publisher=Wenwu Chubanshe | location=Beijing | year=1998 | id=ISBN 7-5010-1000-5
*cite paper | author=Xing Wen | title= The Guodian Chu Slips: The Paleographical Issues and Their Significances | publisher= Contemporary Chinese Thought 32.1 | date= 2000
*cite book | author=Zhang Guangyu et al| title=A Study on the Chu Bamboo Manuscripts of Guodian | publisher=Yee Wen Publishing Co. | location=Taipei | year=1999 | id=ISBN 7-5010-1000-5
*cite paper | author= Hu Zhihong| title= Academic Studies on the Fusion of Confucianism and Daoism | publisher= Hubei Chubanshe | date=1999 | url=http://www.lunwentianxia.com/product.free.3620177.1/
*cite paper | author=Zhou Jianzhong | title=On the Owner of the No.1 Chu Grave in Guodian, Jingmen | publisher=Historical Studies Bimonthly | date=2000 | url=http://www.cqvip.com/qk/81900X/200005/12399818.html
*cite paper | author= Goldin, Paul | title= Xunzi in the Light of the Guodian Manuscripts | publisher= Early China 25 | date=2000 | url=http://direct.bl.uk/bld/PlaceOrder.do?UIN=125696466&ETOC=RN&from=searchengine
*cite paper | author= Holloway, Kenneth | title= “The Recently Discovered Confucian Classic the ‘Five Aspects of Conduct’” | publisher= University of Pennsylvania | date=2002 | url=http://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI3054951/

ee also

* Mawangdui Silk Texts
* Yinqueshan

External links

* [http://www.hno.harvard.edu/gazette/2001/02.22/07-ancientscript.html Ancient script rewrites history] , Harvard University Gazette
*PDF| [http://kirkland.myweb.uga.edu/rk/pdf/rk04/guodian.pdf The "Laozi" Debris from Guodian] |91.1 KB, Russell Kirkland
*PDF| [http://www.aai.uni-hamburg.de/MPC/Introduction.pdf Introduction to the Database of Selected Characters from Guodian and Mawangdui Manuscripts] |274 KB, Matthias Richter
*zh icon [http://www.bamboosilk.org/ 欢迎您光临简帛研究网站] , BambooSilk.Org website for research on the Guodian texts


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