Kumyks


Kumyks

Infobox Ethnic group
group=Kumyks
Къумукълар


poptime=
popplace=Russia
rels=Sunni Islam
langs=Kumyk, Russian
related=

Kumyks (Kumyk: къумукълар, "qumuqlar", Russian: кумыки) are a Turkic people occupying the Kumyk plateau in north Dagestan and south Terek, and the lands bordering the Caspian Sea. They comprise 12% of the population of the Russian republic of Dagestan. They speak the Kumyk language. Kumyks practice folk Islam, with some religious rituals that trace back to pre-Islamic times.

It is supposed that Ptolemy knew them under the name of Kami and Kamaks. Various explorers see in them descendants of the Khazars. A. Vambry supposes that they settled in their present quarters during the flourishing period of the Khazar kingdom in the 8th century.

During the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries CE the Kumyks had an independent kingdom, based at Tarki, and ruled by a leader called the Shamkhal.

The Russians built forts in their territory in 1559 and under Peter I. Having long been more civilized than the surrounding Caucasian mountaineers, the Kumyks have always enjoyed some respect among them. The upper terraces of the Kumyk plateau, which the Kumyks occupy, leaving its lower parts to the Nogais, are very fertile.

In recent years Kumyk nationalists such as Salau Aliev have agitated for Kumyk dominance within Daghestan, citing Khazar history as their inspiration.

External links

* [http://www.hostkingdom.net/caucasus.html Kumyks at Regnal Chronologies]

References

*Template:Accuracy-1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kumyks — Koumyks Koumyks Populations significatives par régions Daghestan Population totale env. 350 000 (2002) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kumyks —    See Dagestan …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • History of Chechnya — The History of Chechnya refers to the history of Chechens, Chechnya, and the land of Ichkeria. Chechen society has traditionally been organized around many autonomous local clans, called taips. The traditional Chechen saying goes that the members …   Wikipedia

  • Dagestan — For other uses, see Dagestan (disambiguation). Republic of Dagestan Республика Дагестан (Russian)   Republic   …   Wikipedia

  • Chechnya — Chechen Republic Чеченская Республика (Russian) Нохчийн Республика/Noxçiyn Respublika (Chechen) …   Wikipedia

  • Khazars — Kazar redirects here. For the Marvel Comics character, see Ka Zar. For the village in Azerbaijan, see Xəzər. For Khazar University, see Khazar University. Khazaria Eastern Tourkia Khaganate …   Wikipedia

  • Turkic peoples — Total population Approximately 160 million[citation needed] Regions with signifi …   Wikipedia

  • Balkars — Total population 110,000 Regions with significant populations Russia: 108,426 (2002) (in Kabardino Balkaria only: 104,951),[1] Kazakhstan: 1,798 (2009) Languages Karachay …   Wikipedia

  • Kipchaks — Kipchak–Cuman confederation Desht i Qipchaq Khaganate ←   …   Wikipedia

  • Chechen people — Chechens (Noxçiy) …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.