Kumyks (Kumyk: къумукълар, "qumuqlar", Russian: кумыки) are a
Turkic peopleoccupying the Kumyk plateau in north Dagestanand south Terek, and the lands bordering the Caspian Sea. They comprise 12% of the population of the Russian republic of Dagestan. They speak the Kumyk language. Kumyks practice folk Islam, with some religious rituals that trace back to pre-Islamic times.
It is supposed that
Ptolemyknew them under the name of Kami and Kamaks. Various explorers see in them descendants of the Khazars. A. Vambry supposes that they settled in their present quarters during the flourishing period of the Khazar kingdom in the 8th century.
During the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries CE the Kumyks had an independent kingdom, based at
Tarki, and ruled by a leader called the Shamkhal.
Russiansbuilt forts in their territory in 1559and under Peter I. Having long been more civilized than the surrounding Caucasian mountaineers, the Kumyks have always enjoyed some respect among them. The upper terraces of the Kumyk plateau, which the Kumyks occupy, leaving its lower parts to the Nogais, are very fertile.
In recent years Kumyk nationalists such as
Salau Alievhave agitated for Kumyk dominance within Daghestan, citing Khazarhistory as their inspiration.
* [http://www.hostkingdom.net/caucasus.html Kumyks at Regnal Chronologies]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kumyks — Koumyks Koumyks Populations significatives par régions Daghestan Population totale env. 350 000 (2002) … Wikipédia en Français
Kumyks — See Dagestan … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
History of Chechnya — The History of Chechnya refers to the history of Chechens, Chechnya, and the land of Ichkeria. Chechen society has traditionally been organized around many autonomous local clans, called taips. The traditional Chechen saying goes that the members … Wikipedia
Dagestan — For other uses, see Dagestan (disambiguation). Republic of Dagestan Республика Дагестан (Russian) Republic … Wikipedia
Chechnya — Chechen Republic Чеченская Республика (Russian) Нохчийн Республика/Noxçiyn Respublika (Chechen) … Wikipedia
Khazars — Kazar redirects here. For the Marvel Comics character, see Ka Zar. For the village in Azerbaijan, see Xəzər. For Khazar University, see Khazar University. Khazaria Eastern Tourkia Khaganate … Wikipedia
Turkic peoples — Total population Approximately 160 million Regions with signifi … Wikipedia
Balkars — Total population 110,000 Regions with significant populations Russia: 108,426 (2002) (in Kabardino Balkaria only: 104,951), Kazakhstan: 1,798 (2009) Languages Karachay … Wikipedia
Kipchaks — Kipchak–Cuman confederation Desht i Qipchaq Khaganate ← … Wikipedia
Chechen people — Chechens (Noxçiy) … Wikipedia