N-Butanol


N-Butanol

Chembox new
Name = Butanol
ImageFile = Butan-1-ol-2D-skeletal.png ImageName = 1-Butanol: skeletal structure
ImageFile1 = Butanol_flat_structure.png ImageName1 = 1-Butanol: flat structure
ImageFile2 = Butan-1-ol-3D-vdW.png ImageName2 = 1-Butanol: 3D space-filling structure
IUPACName = Butan-1-ol
OtherNames = Butanol
1-Butanol
"n"-Butanol
"normal"-Butanol
Butyl alcohol
Butyric alcohol
Propylcarbinol
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
SMILES = CCCCO
CASNo = 71-36-3
RTECS = EO1400000

Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = C4H10O, BuOH
MolarMass = 74.12 g/mol
Appearance = clear liquid
Density = 0.8098 g/cm³ @ 20 °C, liquid
Solubility = 9.1 mL/100 mL H2O at 25 °C
MeltingPtC = −89.5
BoilingPtC = 117.73
Viscosity = 3 cP at 25°C

Section3 = Chembox Structure
MolShape =
Coordination =
CrystalStruct =
Dipole = 1.52 D (1-butanol)

Section7 = Chembox Hazards
ExternalMSDS = [http://www.sciencestuff.com/msds/C1400.html External MSDS]
MainHazards = flammable
NFPA-H = 1
NFPA-F = 3
NFPA-R =
FlashPt = 37 °C (99 °F)
RPhrases = R10 R22 R37/38
R41 R67
SPhrases = S7/9 S13 S26
S37/39 S46

Section8 = Chembox Related
Function = alcohols
OtherFunctn = Propanol, Pentanol,
Isobutanol, 2-Butanol,
tert-Butanol
OtherCpds = Butyraldehyde, Butyric acid,
Butylene

"n"-Butanol or "n"-butyl alcohol (sometimes also called "biobutanol" when produced biologically), is a primary alcohol with a 4 carbon structure and the molecular formula of C4H10O. It belongs to the higher alcohols and branched-chain alcohols. [cite journal |author=Atsumi S, Hanai T, Liao JC |title=Non-fermentative pathways for synthesis of branched-chain higher alcohols as biofuels |journal=Nature |volume=451 |issue=7174 |pages=86–9 |year=2008 |month=January |pmid=18172501 |doi=10.1038/nature06450 |url=]

References


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