- Tripoli, Greece
Infobox Greek Dimos
name = Tripoli
name_local = Τρίπολη
periph = Peloponnese
population = 28976
population_as_of = 2001
area = 119.3
elevation = 655
lat_deg = 37
lat_min = 31
lon_deg = 22
lon_min = 23
postal_code = 221 00
area_code = 2710
licence = ΤΡ
website = [http://www.tripolis.gr www.tripolis.gr]
districts = 1
Tripoli ( _el. Τρίπολη, "Trípoli", formerly Τρίπολις, "Trípolis"; rarely "Tripolitsa", "Tripolitza" and "Tripolizza") is a city in the central part of the
Peloponnese, Greece, and the capital of the prefecture of Arcadia. The municipalityis the largest city in the prefecture as well and presently one of the few growing places in Arcadia. The distance from Pyrgos is about 145 km E, 125 km E of Olympia, 144 km SE of Patrasand ESE of Kalavryta, 78 km (old: 120 km) SW of Corinth and about 148 (old: 200 km) WSW of Athens, W of Argosand Nafplio, NW of Leonidi, N of Sparta, NNE of Kalamata, 33 km NE of Megalopoliand NE of Kyparissia, E of Stemnitsaand ESE of Dimitsana. Today Tripoli is the seat of the recently founded University of the Peloponnese with two departments of the Sciences and Technology School and one department of the Economics and Administration School.
Tripoli has a true continental climate, due to its inland position and its altitude (~650m) and extreme temperatures have been recorded, despite its low latitude. In summer temperatures can exceed 40C/104F (Record max. 44C/112F) and in winter temperatures below -10C/14F have been observed (Record min. -18C/0F). Snow can occur several times between late October and early April.
Weather charts by month (taken from www.hnms.gr - Greek National Meteorological Service)
In the Middle Ages, the place was known as Drobolitsa, Droboltsá, or Dorboglitza, either from the Greek Hydropolitsa, 'Water City' or perhaps from the South Slavic for 'Plain of Oaks'. ["Transactions of the Philological Society" 1934, p. 19-20]
Modern Tripolis was created in 1770 near the ruins of the ancient cities of
Pallantron, Tegea, and Mantinea, hence its name Τρίπολις = τρεις πόλεις 'three cities', presumably chosen to explain the medieval name. Before the Greek Revolution, it had a large Muslim and Jewish population, but also served as the central point for Ottoman occupation and rule over Greece. During Alexandros Ypsilantisrevolution however, which took part about that same time, almost the entire Greek population of the city was annihilated, in an Ottoman attempt to make an example out of them to the other rebels.
Greek War of Independence, Tripolis was the first major city to be taken by the Greeks; it fell to Theodoros Kolokotronison October 17, 1821 "amid frightful scenes of pillage and massacre of Muslims and Turks"; [Nevill Forbes, "et al.", "The Balkans" [http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11716/11716-8.txt full text] ]
Ibrahim Pasharetook it on June 22, 1825, he massacred the entire Christian population, destroyed the city and tore down its walls, but even though he failed to supress the Greek rebels. [ La Grande Encyclopédie, "s.v." Tripolis] .
After it was retaken again by the Greeks in 1829, Tripolis became a major centre of the independent Hellenic state. In 1829, members of a Greek scientific committee met in Tripoli, according to the depiction of an early nineteenth-century lithograph scene by St. Aulaire. Fact|date=April 2007
Tripoli is mainly accessed from Athens and the rest of Greece through the Corinth-Tripoli-Kalamata motorway, which is part of the
E65. The motorway bypasses Tripoli from the east and will continue to Kalamata, after construction ends in that part (see List of Greek roads). An alternative route is the GR-7 which used to be the main highway of Tripoli before the construction of the motorway. The city is also accessed by GR-74 and GR-76 from Pyrgosand by GR-39 / E961from Sparta.
Tripolis is served by the metric railway line from Corinth to Kalamata, operated by OSE. The line has been recently renovated and passenger services, which were suspended for a few years, are due to be reinstated in 2008.
*Tripoli Industrial area (east)
*Agios Konstantinos, SE
*Agios Vasileios, SE
Its main plazas are aligned with the main street and with a highway linking to Pyrgos and Patras. One of them is named Kennedy, the other is named Georgiou B' (George II). The southern part has its main street named Washington. The main section of the city is enclosed around the castle walls that were built during the Ottoman occupation of
The city is surrounded by pine trees in the south and west, mount
Mainalo( Maenalus) in the west while another mountain is 5 km E and fertile lands elsewhere. The closest mountain ridge of Mainalo is only about 1 km west. Wetlands used to dominate much of the area in the northeast. The industrial area is founded in the eastern part, formerly 100 m of the southern terminus of the superhighway, it is now near an interchange? where factories are founded.
Tripoli is home to the two largest Armed Forces bootcamp centers of Greece, one for the
Hellenic Armyand one for the Hellenic Air Force
*251 Army Training Battalion (Greek)
*124 Basic Training Wing (Greek)
Moralı Enişte Hasan Pasha( 1658- 1713) Ottoman vezier and general
Alexandros Papanastasiou( 1876- 1936) politician and sociologist, Prime Minister of Greece
Konstantinos Georgakopoulos( 1890- 1978) lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Greece
Kostas Karyotakis( 1896- 1928) poet
*Stavros Tsiolis (1937) film director
Yiannis Kouros( 1956) ultramarathon runner
George Peponismedical practitioner, sports administrator and captain of the Australian Rugby League team was born in the town in 1953
Asteras Tripolisis the city's Greek soccer club.
*http://arcadia.ceid.upatras.gr/arkadia/places/trip/tripoli.htm (in Greek)
* [http://weather.pathfinder.gr/greece/peloponisos/tripolis.html Weather in Tripoli] (in Greek)
* [http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?tb=1&city=Tripoli&country=GR Mapquest - Tripoli]
* [http://www.gtp.gr/LocPage.asp?id=8821 GTP - Tripoli]
* [http://www.gtp.gr/LocPage.asp?id=8820 GTP - Municipality of Tripoli]
North: Levidi, Mantineia West: Falanthos Tripoli East: Korythios, Korynthos South: Tegea, Valtesi
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