Helvetia is the Roman name for an ancient region of central Europe occupying a plateau between the Alps and the Jura Mountains. Helvetia corresponded roughly to the western part of modern Switzerland, and the name is still used poetically.

In the first century BC, a Celtic group known as the Helvetii migrated from Southern Germany to Switzerland. Eventually, they came up against the Romans. They were pushed back into Switzerland by Caesar's army in 58 BC. The Roman Empire founded its province of Helvetia in current Switzerland in 15 BC.

Helvetia was a peaceful and prosperous region for many years. Then, in AD 260, the Germans invaded and the Romans retreated. Helvetia passed hands between the Franks and the Germans for many years until the Swiss Confederation was founded on August 1, 1291.

Switzerland continues to use the name in its Latin form when it is inappropriate or inconvenient to use any or all of its four official languages. Thus, the name appears on postage stamps, coins and other uses; the full name, "Confœderatio Helvetica", is abbreviated for uses such as the ccTLD, .ch.

Notably, translations of the term Helvetia still serve as the name for Switzerland in languages such as Irish, in which the country is known as "An Elvéis", Greek, in which it is known as "Ελβετία (Elvetia)" and Romanian - Elveţia.

National symbols

Helvetia is the female personification of Switzerland. Sometimes called the mother of the Swiss nation, she is typically pictured in a flowing gown, with a spear and a shield emblazoned with the Swiss flag, and commonly with braided hair, commonly with a wreath as a symbol of Confederation.

ee also

*Augusta Raurica
*National personification

External links

* [http://www.myswissalps.com/index.asp?Page=switzerland-history Swiss history]
* [http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=helvetia&r=67 Dictionary definition]
* [http://www.crannog.ie/sss.htm Irish-English dictionary page, showing the Irish term for Switzerland]

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Helvetia — auf dem 2‑Frankenstück Helvetia ist die vom Volksstamm der Helvetier abgeleitete neulateinische Bezeichnung für die Schweiz und eine allegorische Frauenfigur, welche die Schweiz versinnbildlicht. Helvetia tauchte erstmals im 17. Jahrhundert als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helvetia — (Париж,Франция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 28 Bis Bd Diderot, 12 й округ: Б …   Каталог отелей

  • Helvetia — es de la tribu de los Helvéticos la derivación de la neulatinica significación para Suiza y una alegoría de la imagen de la mujer, la que representa Suiza. Helvetia aparece por primera vez en al siglo 18 como mujer. Con el crecimiento de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Helvetia — (Бреден,Бельгия) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 8450 Бреден, Бельгия …   Каталог отелей

  • Helvetĭa — Helvetĭa, im 19. Jahrh. üblich gewordene Bezeichnung für eine Personifikation der Schweiz in Gestalt einer mit Speer und Schild bewaffneten Frau, wie sie auf Münzen, Postmarken etc., in plastischen und malerischen Darstellungen, besonders bei… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Helvetia — Helvetĭa, lat. Name der Schweiz (s. Helvetier) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • HELVETIA — regio Germ. sup. perampla, incolatum, quibus aequa libertas, quosqueve falso caput habere credidit Sabellicus, fide, industriâ, fortitudine celebris: montana armentis, feris, ac volucribus: plana frugibus plena haber. Unde et a re frumentaria,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Helvetia — (izg. hèlvēcija) ž DEFINICIJA pov. latinski naziv za Švicarsku …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Helvetia — [hel vē′shə] 1. ancient Celtic country in central Europe, in what is now W Switzerland 2. Latin name for SWITZERLAND …   English World dictionary

  • Helvetia — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Helvetia (homonymie). Helvetia est une figure allégorique féminine personnifiant la Confédération suisse. Ce nom désigne également la Suisse. Sommaire 1 Origine 2 Symbole …   Wikipédia en Français

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