Komi peoples


Komi peoples

Infobox Ethnic group
group=Komi


poptime=400,000 (both groups)
popplace=Russia, largely located in the Komi Republic, Perm Krai, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Arkhangelsk Oblast, and Murmansk Oblast.
rels=Russian Orthodoxy, Shamanism
langs=Russian, Komi
related-c=Udmurts, other Finno-Permic peoples

Komi (obsolete: Komi-Zyrians) live in the Komi Republic, Perm Krai, Murmansk Oblast, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug of Russia. Their Northernmost subgroup is also known as the Komi-Izhemtsy (from the name of the river Izhma) or Iz'vataz. This group is distinct for its more traditional, strongly subsistence based economy which includes reindeer husbandry. Komi-Permyaks live in Perm Krai (Komi-Yazvas group) and Kirov Oblast (Upper-Kama Komi group) of Russia.

Both Komi languages are written with the Russian alphabet, adding two extra letters: Іі and Ӧӧ. Until the 17th century, they used the Old Permic alphabet, sometimes called Abur, introduced by Saint Stephen of Perm in the 14th century.

They may have been much more widespread in the past. Scandinavians knew of prosperous Bjarmians who were settled in the area of modern Arkhangelsk. A medieval Komi state was known as Great Perm.

They were classified under the title Zyrian as a "Narodnost" in the First All Union Census of the Soviet Union in 1926.

Further reading

* cite journal
quotes =
last = Tsypanov
first = Evgenii
authorlink =
coauthors =
date =
year = 2001
month = March
title = Language and ethnic mobilization among the Komi in the post-Soviet period
journal = Nationalities Papers
volume = 29
issue = 1
pages = 109–128
issn =
pmid =
doi =
id =
url =
language =
format =
accessdate =
laysummary =
laysource =
laydate =
quote =

External links

* [http://www.infoe.de/home/Weltbank/Russia+-++Komi-Izhemtsy+against++World+Bank/ Komi-Izhemtsy against World Bank]
* [http://72.14.209.104/search?q=cache:Qcln7I1oiyUJ:adoptaenrusia2.iespana.es/regiones/--komi-permiak-kudymar/--mas%2520informacion%2520de%2520komi.doc+Komi-Izhemtsy&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=7&client=firefox-a Komi]
* [http://www.suri.ee/inf/pekok.html Komi Permyak (in language Komi-Permyak)]
* [http://www.suri.ee/inf/pekoi.html Komi Permyak ]
* [http://www.suri.ee/inf/pekov.html Komi Permyak ]


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